Logistics Civil Augmentation Program LOGCAP
The Program Manager, Logistics Civil Augmentation Program [PM LOGCAP] is assigned to the AMC Field Support Command (FSC). One facet of the FSC mission is to provide a synchronized single face to customers of the Army Materiel Command. The OSC mission includes integration, coordination and synchronization of AMC customer support provided by worldwide AMC elements. Transition to HQ, U.S. Army Field Support Command (FSC). IAW AMC Permanent Order 83-5, dated 23 Mar 00 (Provisional) and Permanent Order 280-1, dated 06 Oct 00, the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program was officially realigned from HQ, U.S. Army Materiel Command to the HQ, U.S. Army Field Support Command. There were neither structural changes nor movement of personnel, only transfer of mission, organization, and resources to the FSC. Official transfer of the budget did not occur until the 2nd QTR FY 01.
The U.S. Army continually seeks to increase its combat potential within programmed resource allocations. This occasionally requires pursuit of external sources to provide adequate logistics support for the force.
LOGCAP is a U.S. Army initiative for peacetime planning for the use of civilian contractors in wartime and other contingencies. These contractors will perform selected services to support U.S. forces in support of Department of Defense (DoD) missions. Use of contractors in a theater of operations allows the release of military units for other missions or to fill support shortfalls. This program provides the Army with additional means to adequately support the current and programmed forces.
LOGCAP is primarily designed for use in areas where no bilateral or multilateral agreements exist. However, LOGCAP may provide additional support in areas with formal Host Nation Support (HNS) agreements, where other contractors are involved, or where peacetime support contracts exist. LOGCAP is also available during Continental United States (CONUS) mobilizations to assist the CONUS support base and help units get ready for war.
LOGCAP is a Department of the Army Program which includes all pre-planned logistics and engineering/construction oriented contingency contracts actually awarded and peacetime contracts which include contingency clauses.
The Army has used contractors to provide supplies and services during both peacetime and contingencies dating back to the Revolutionary War. During the Vietnam War, the heavy use of contractors led the Army to determine that a need existed for a preplanned method for utilizing Contractors on the Battlefield. On December 6, 1985 LOGCAP was established with the publication of AR 700-137. The newly established program was used in 1988 when the Third United States Army (TUSA) requested that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) contract out a management plan to construct and maintain two petroleum pipeline systems in Southwest Asia in support of contingency operations.
During the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War, LOGCAP was not used. Instead, contractors were hired on hundreds of separate contracts to provide logistics support with uneven results. There are numerous examples of contracts awarded with poorly defined or missing Statements of Work and unclear contract requirements. These situations led to inadequate contractor performance and customer dissatisfaction at significant cost. The contractors' payment vouchers still had to be honored, however, because the poorly written contractual requirements contained no basis upon which to reject their claims for payment. As a result, LOGCAP was revised to preplan for contractor support during any contingency or war. It was first used officially in Somalia in December 1992.
The first comprehensive multifunctional LOGCAP Umbrella Support contact was awarded by the USACE in August 1992 and was used in December 1992 to support all U.S. Services and United Nations (UN) forces in Somalia.
The Air Force Contract Augmentation Program (AFCAP) has been in existence since 1997 and was similarly created to preplan for worldwide contingency operations to support civil engineer (base construction), logistics, and other services.
The LOGCAP office administered the contractor operated Madeleine Albright Medical Clinic in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, from Jan 00 through Feb 01. The purpose of the clinic was to augment the Embassy medical staff in support of Embassy and United Nations staff personnel and their families. The clinic operated as a trauma unit with helicopter/vehicular paramedic's evacuation capabilities. The clinics will be missed by many however, because the UN is scheduled to depart from Haiti, by Jun 01 the need for the clinic no longer exists. Finally, the clinic will be containerized and stored until an appropriate non-government organization can be identified to take ownership.
LOGCAP responded to a Pacific Command (PACOM) J4 request for support in East Timor on 18 Oct 99. The mission was to provide heavy lift helicopter support through Mar 00. Current LOGCAP mission, now in its 14th month, supports a small contingency of U.S. military personnel in support of the U.S. Government, East Timor (USGET). LOGCAP is providing Base Camp Support to USGET. The current mission is expected to continue through 30 Jun 01 with the probability for extension through 31 Dec 01. LOGCAP in E. Timor is indicative of the essentiality of increasing use of "Contractors on the Battlefield".
The Tom Sullivan Test and Training Site at Fort Polk, LA continues to be an excellent training tool for the active and reserve Force Provider companies. It is used to house rotational soldiers during their JRTC training cycles. The LOGCAP contractor has the current contract for care and maintenance of the module. They have a seven-person site management team.
Reception, Staging, Onward Movement and Integration (RSO&I) '00 (8-21 April '00) is a 19th Theater Support Command (TSC) and Eighth U.S. Army (EUSA) is Command Post Exercise (CPX) operating out Taegu, Korea. LOGCAP planners fully integrated into EUSA and 19th TSC Operations cells at both Camp Henry and Camp Walker. The exercise provided a training opportunity for the Contractor, LOGCAP Support Unit personnel, as well as USFK/EUSA/19th TSC to better understand how work is done by the Contractor to support specified U.S. forces.
Ulchi Focus Lens (UFL) 2000 (16-31 Aug 01) is a JCS sponsored Command Post Exercise conducted in Taegu, Korea. LOGCAP planners fully integrated into EUSA and 19th TSC Operations cells at both Camp Henry and Camp Walker.
LOGCAP has participated in the C/J4 during the CPX phase of the Cobra Gold JCS sponsored, multinational force and joint exercise at the invitation of USARPAC/ CINCPAC since 1999. LOGCAP participation has consisted of one LOGCAP planner from the LOGCAP Office and a senior logistics planner from the LOGCAP contractor. The contractor representative attends the various Cobra Gold planning conferences and writes the LOGCAP Mission Scenario Event Lists (MSEL) for PM LOGCAP and writes injects to get LOGCAP and other selected MSELs into the exercise story line at the request of the exercise host. Since 2000, the contractor planner has participated as a member of the Joint Exercise Control Group (JECG) at the during the Cobra Gold Exercise at the request of the exercise host.
Tempo Brave (26-30 Jun 00 & 29-31 Oct 00) is a CJTF exercise for Consequence Management (CM) in the Pacific Theater, held at Fort Lewis, Washington near 1st CORPS Headquarters. HQ, 1 Corps will command and control all CM operations as a JTF HQ within the PACOM Area of Operations (AO) and will be the lead agency, mitigating the effects and assisting in the remediation of the affected operational environment within a Joint Operational Area (JOA). This also tested the menu for CM Plan that is being written by the contractor. This was a Consequence Management (CM) exercise and planning development for a Statement of Work (SOW) to be used in the Pacific Theater.
An existing Army Field Support Command Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) contract, competitively bid, was used to prepare contingency plans for the government of Iraq. The contract was awarded to Brown & Root Services (later to be known as Kellogg, Brown and Root) of Houston on December 14, 2001.
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