Indiana Army National Guard
The members of the Indiana National Guard are trained and equipped to augment both the United States Army and the United States Air Force in wartime and in times of national or international emergencies.
Indiana Guard members have served the nation in every major conflict since the American Civil War. The state's soldiers and airmen take advantage of overseas training opportunities in preparation for prompt mobilization.
During 1998, many Indiana Army National Guard personnel participated in overseas deployments for training and exchange programs. Our soldiers gained valuable experience and insight serving in the countries of Germany, Italy, and Slovakia.
Also serving overseas during 1998 were the men and women of the Indiana Air National Guard. Airmen from the 181st Fighter Wing, Terre Haute, and the 122nd Fighter Wing, Ft. Wayne, deployed to Germany, Haiti, Hungary, Italy, Kuwait, Slovakia, and South Korea.
Whether it involves State Active Duty in support of the citizens of Indiana or training for their federal mission, the soldiers of the Indiana Army National Guard stand ready. During Operation Hoosier Haylift, members of the 1438th Transportation Company transported donated hay from farms all over Indiana to the Southwind Maritime Center at Mount Vernon. Soldiers also loaded 580 round bales of hay onto barges for shipment to Oklahoma to support drought-stricken farmers. In January soldiers opened 31 armories to shelter stranded motorists after at least 45 counties were declared disaster areas during a major snowstorm. Over 300 soldiers transported supplies and medical patients, cleared roads and hauled snow.
Several INARNG units deployed overseas in support of their Active Duty counterparts in FY99. The 177th Finance Detachment sent three rotations to Mannheim, Germany and the 113th Engineer Battalion sent four rotations to repair facilities in Vicenza, Italy.
The 38th Infantry Division operated a virtual third world country at the Camp Atterbury Maneuver Training Center to support the war-fighting capability of the 76th Enhanced Infantry Brigade in preparation for their rotation to the Joint Readiness Training Center in FY00.
The Indiana National Guard traces its unbroken history and lineage back to 1801, older than the state itself. Volunteer militia companies were organized initially as protection against marauding Indians. Forefathers of today's 151st Infantry Regiment fought with General William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 when the great Shawnee chief, the Prophet, was defeated.
The charter for the National Guard lies in the United States Constitution, providing for a dual state/federal role for the Guard. The "state" part of the dual role designates the governor as commander in chief of the Guard in his or her state allowing the use of Guard personnel and units as he or she sees fit to provide for the security and well-being of the state's citizens and property. The "federal" part of the dual role provides for personnel and units of the Guard to be called from the state into active federal service under control of the United States Government in time of national crisis.
Indiana militia units were called to federal duty for service in the Mexican War in the 1840s. Volunteer militia units were again called into federal service during the War Between the States in the 1860s in which thousands of Hoosiers served in all major military campaigns. Several units formed for in-state service and were known as the Indiana Legion. In 1895 the Legion was renamed the Indiana National Guard. Soon there after several regiments were again mobilized, this time for the short Spanish-American War of 1898.
In 1916 Indiana units were called for duty on the Mexican Border. In 1917 the entire National Guard was mobilized again for service in World War I. The majority of the new 38th (Cyclone) Division came from Indiana units that were eventually deployed to France. Indiana's 150th Field Artillery Regiment fought with distinction as part of the new 42nd (Rainbow) Division. During World War II, the 38th Infantry Division earned combat streamers for three campaigns in the Southwest Pacific, including spearheading the landings on Luzon in the Philippines that regained the Bataan Peninsula from the Japanese. For that, General Douglas MacArthur christened the 38th as the "Avengers of Bataan".
Indiana Air Guard units were mobilized and served during the Korean War of the early 1950s and the Berlin Crisis of the early 1960s. Company D (Ranger), 151 st Infantry was mobilized during the Vietnam War and earned distinction as one of the most highly decorated combat units of the war.
Personnel from four Army Guard and four Air Guard units from Indiana were called into federal service in support of Operations Desert Shield/ Storm in the Middle East.
The Indiana Army National Guard maintains 79 armories, and is present in 69 communities.
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