Alaska Army National Guard
The Alaska Army National Guard maintains 116 armories, and is present in 88 communities.
The Alaska National Guard (AKNG or the guard) is established by Alaska Statute 26.05 and organized under the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs (DMVA). The federal National Guard Bureau (NGB) establishes policy and guidelines for the operations of each of the states' National Guard units. The NGB, in addition to acting as the federal funding agency for the guard, is responsible for the establishment of the guard's enlistment and promotion requirements.
AKNG is divided into two main units, the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard (ARNG). The Air National Guard units, which are primarily located in urban areas, have few Alaska Native members. Because most of the Alaska Native guardmembers are concentrated in ARNG rural areas, the following report will focus primarily on that part of the guard.
The governor commands AKNG while it is not in active federal service. The principal executive officer of DMVA, the adjutant general, is an appointee of the governor. The Army National Guard component and the Air National Guard components are each commanded by an assistant adjutant general appointed by the adjutant general with the concurrence of the governor.
The Air National Guard maintains bases near Fairbanks and Anchorage and operates a rescue squadron. The Army National Guard maintains bases in 76 Alaska communities, including many rural areas. Additionally, there are three battalions known as scout units. These scout battalions have detachments throughout the State, and account for about half of the Army guard's assigned strength.
The AKNG's annual budget for FY 00 is just over $20 million with more than half of the budget allocated to maintenance of Army guard facilities. The AKNG is charged with both a state and federal mission. It provides search and rescue operations and a host of other community support operations such as rural medevac, natural disaster preparation, civil disorder preparation, law enforcement support, Reserve Officer Training Course (ROTC), Junior ROTC, and ChalleNGe Youth Corps Program. To meet its federal mission of augmenting the active Army and active Air Force in time of war or national emergency, it must meet the same readiness criteria as the active Army in personnel, training, maintenance and worldwide deployability.
Region G includes the Arctic Multi-functional Training Brigade (Alaska) and the Pacific Multi-functional Training Brigade (Hawaii). The Guam Regional Training Institute is responsible for NCOES instruction in coordination with the Pacific Multi-Functional Training Brigade General Studies Battalion. The Infantry School performs the equivalent of functional alignment for both the Pacific and Arctic Brigades.
The mission of the Alaska Department of Military and Veterans Affairs is to provide strategically positioned, relevant and ready military forces capable of rapid deployment, joint operations and mission accomplishment while maintaining the capability to provide emergency services to the state of Alaska.
During FY99, the Alaska Army National Guard conducted multiple UH-60 SAR/MEDEVAC missions, performed nine Innovative Readiness Training operations and flew several wildlife support missions. The AKARNG deployed troops and equipment to seven major exercises including New Horizons, Honduras; Roving Sands, Texas; Arctic Care, Alaska; Yama Sakura, Japan; Northern Edge, Alaska; Foal Eagle, Korea; and the Combat Training Center, Hohenfels, Germany.
Throughout the state, the AKARNG played an active and vital role in community activities and rural affairs. The AKARNG recruited and enlisted quality students for enrollment in the ROTC program and worked closely with Alaska Military Youth Academy in support of the at-risk youth program "ChalleNGe".
The activities conducted during FY99 provided quality hands-on training to members of the AKARNG and broadened community relations by assisting needy communities.
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