Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM)
The U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) was formed on a provisional basis on 17 July 1997 by merging the U.S. Army Missile Command (MICOM) and the U.S. Army Aviation and Troop Command (ATCOM). By Permanent Orders 344-1, dated 9 December 1996, the U.S. Army Materiel Command (AMC) directed that AMCOM be established at Redstone Arsenal on a permanent basis effective 1 October 1997.
AMCOM encompasses the missions and organizations of MICOM and ATCOM. These two AMC major subordinate commands had previously exercised their respective responsibilities in missilery and aviation in joint efforts to develop certain airborne missile systems to support the soldier in the field. MICOM was officially established on 23 May 1962, but was not fully staffed and operational until 1 August 1962. ATCOM was created on 1 October 1992, with the merger of the U.S. Army Aviation Systems Command (AVSCOM) and the U.S. Army Troop Support Command (TROSCOM). Predecessors of these organizations had served as AMC major subordinate commands since August 1966.
Although it was not fully staffed and operational until 1 August 1962, MICOM was officially established on 23 May 1962. It operates under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Material Command (AMC) which assumed the missions and functions of the Office, Chief of Ordnance and certain other technical services which lost their statutory status as part of the sweeping reorganization of the Department of the Army in 1962. The Army missile program at Redstone continued to be managed by a single command until 31 January 1977, when the missions and people of MICOM were split between the Army Missile Materiel Readiness Command (MIRCOM) and the Army Missile Research and Development Command (MIRADCOM). However, AMC, which was known as the Army Material Development and Readiness Command (DARCOM) at that time, soon found that the most logical and efficient way to meet the requirements of the Army missile program was under the single command concept. As a result, effective 1 July 1979, MIRCOM and MIRADCOM were disestablished and their organizational elements, missions, functions, manpower spaces, and people were combined in place under the reinstituted Army Missile Command.
The management of the Army's missile program changed significantly on 1 May 1987 when four program executive offices (PEOs) were provisionally established to direct and control the accomplishment of all assigned programs, including the development, production, fielding, product improvement, and follow-on support of assigned programs/systems. These four PEOs established were the Forward Area Air Defense (FAAD); Close Combat Missiles; Fire Support; and High/Medium Air Defense (HIMAD). On 15 September 1988, the FAAD and HIMAD PEOs were merged to form the Air Defense PEO, while the Fire Support and Close Combat Missiles PEOs were combined to form the new Fire Support PEO.
On 29 July 1992, the Fire Support PEO was officially redesignated the Tactical Missiles PEO. On that same date, the Air Defense PEO and certain projects and programs managed by the U.S. Army Strategic Defense Command were consolidated to form the Global Protection Against Limited Strikes (GPALS) PEO. Effective 24 May 1993, the GPALS PEO was redesignated the Missile Defense PEO.
On 8 September 1995, Congress approved the Base and Realignment Commission (BRAC) 95 List, disestablishing ATCOM and transferring its mission and organizations to Redstone Arsenal to form the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM). AMC issued Permanent Orders 344-1 on 9 December 1996 establishing AMCOM, with an effective date of 1 Oct 97. It also directed the discontinuation of ATCOM, the Army Aviation Research and Technology Activity, and the Army Administrative and Installation Support Activity. MICOM was redesignated as AMCOM. As part of the BRAC action, the PEO Aviation physically relocated to Redstone Arsenal.
On 17 July 97, AMCOM was provisionally established and became operational on 1 October 1997. Today, Redstone Arsenal is the home of AMCOM, the Marshall Space Flight Center, and numerous other tenant organizations. The total value of Army buildings, equipment, and utilities on Redstone is in excess of $800 million. The total Government property investment at the arsenal, including the facilities at the Marshall Space Flight Center, is over $1 billion.
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