8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment
H Troop, 10th Cavalry Regiment
In 2008, as part of the reflagging of 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division as 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment was inactivated. It was reflagged as the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, which was subsequently reactivated at Fort Hood, Texas. The 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division was reorganized and reactivated at Fort Carson, Colorado. 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment was subsequently not reactivated as part of the new 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division.
The 10th US Cavalry was formed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1866. The 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry traces its lineage and honors to 28 July 1866, when H Company, 10th Cavalry Regiment was born. Very high standards of recruitment were set by the Regiment's commander, Benjamin Grierson, and as a result the unit's organization lasted over a year. By the end of July 1867, 8 companies had been recruited, including H Company, which was commanded by Captain L.H. Carpenter. For the next 8 years, the 10th Cavalry was stationed at numerous forts throughout the Kansas and Indian territory.
In 1875, the 10th Cavalry moved its headquarters to Fort Concho in west Texas. The 10th Cavalry scouted over 34,000 miles of uncharted terrain taking troops through some of the harshest and most desolate terrain in the nation. The stay in west Texas produced tough soldiers, who became accustomed to surviving in an area that offered few comforts and no luxuries. In 1883 cavalry companies across the US Army were officially redesignated as cavalry troops. Subsequently, H Company, 10th Cavalry, became H Troop, 10th Cavalry.
After 20 years of service in some of the most undesirable posts in the southwest, the 10th Cavalry regiment, now under the command of Colonel John K. Mizner, was transferred to the Department of Dakota in 1891. The Regiment served at various posts in Montana and Dakotas until 1898.
During the Spanish-American War, 4 cavalry regiments, including the 10th Cavalry, served in Cuba and fought along side Teddy Roosevelt's "Rough Riders" and other units. While Teddy Roosevelt and his highly political volunteers got more press attention, the 10th Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John J. Pershing was instrumental in taking San Juan Hill. In 1916, "Black Jack" Pershing was given the assignment of leading a campaign into Mexico to capture Pancho Villa. Pershing requested that the 10th Cavalry accompany him. On 1 September 1921, H Troop, Cavalry was officially demobilized at Fort Huachuca, Arizona.
On 25 June 1959, H Troop, 10th Cavalry was reconstituted in the regular Army and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 8th Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Cavalry. On 6 December 1969, the unit was redesignated as H Troop, 10th Cavalry, assigned to 4th Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, and activated in Hawaii. On 15 March 1972, the Troop was inactivated and relieved from the 25th Infantry only to be reactivated in Vietnam as a separate air cavalry reconnaissance troop assigned to the 17th Aviation Group on 30 April 1972. H Troop, 10th Cavalry received the Valorous Unit Award for its exemplary service during the Vietnam Conflict.
After Vietnam, on 26 February 1973, H Troop, 10th Cavalry was again deactivated. It was reactivated in 2000, assigned as a brigade ground reconnaissance troop in the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), assigned to the 2nd Brigade, and participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003.
After returning from Iraq in 2004, H Toop, 10th Cavalry was inactivated as part of the transformation of the 4th Infantry Division to the US Army's modular force structure. It was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry and reactivated assigned to the reorganized and redesignated 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division at Fort Hood, Texas.
As of 14 January 2006, 4th Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, which included 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment, took control of Forward Operating Base Prosperity, located in Baghdad, from 4th Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. Their mission included training Iraqi Security Forces and maintaining security within the central and southern regions of the Iraqi capital.
In 2008, the US Army conducted a major realignment involving the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. The Brigade Combat Team was reflagged as the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division. The 3rd Battalion, 67th Armor Regiment was reflagged as the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment. The 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado was reflagged as the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. A s part of this reflagging, the 4th Brigade Combat Team transitioned from a Heavy Brigade Combat Team to an Infantry Brigade Combat Team. The 8th Squadron, 10th Cavalry was not reactivated as an element of the new 4th Brigade Combat Team.
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