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Special Troops Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment

The Battalion conducts Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance functions in support of the 75th Ranger Regiment and other Special Operation Task Forces in order to enable the execution of Joint Special Operations anywhere in the world. Additionally, the Battalion provides qualified, trained and ready Rangers in order to sustain the Ranger Force. The Battalion is comprised of 4 distinct companies.

The Ranger Reconnaissance Company (RRC) provides worldwide reconnaissance and operation preparation of the environment in support of the 75th Ranger Regiment and other special operations units. The Ranger Communications Company (RCC) provides the Regiment world class command and control and communications in support of combat operations while meeting the additional communication requirements of other special operations task forces. The Military Intelligence Company (MICO) provides the 75th Ranger Regiment and the special operations command the ability to conduct HUMINT, SIGINT, IMINT, and all source analysis operations in support of combat operations.

The last company, the Ranger Operations Company (ROC) is the "gateway into the Regiment." The programs of instructions (POI) within the ROC included the Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP 1 and 2), Small Unit Ranger Tactics (SURT), and Pre-Special Operations Combat Medical Course (PSOCM). RASP 1 assessed, trained, and identified soldiers of the rank of E-5 and below for service in the Regiment. RASP 2 conducted the assessment and selection for soldiers E-6 and above. SURT prepared members of the Regiment for successful completion of the United States Army Ranger School. PSOCM was the preparatory training for all Medics (68W) in the Special Operations Combat Medic Course.

The Special Troops Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment was first organized on 3 October 1943 in the Army of the United States in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations as an element of the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional). It was consolidated on 10 August 1944 with Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 475th Infantry (first constituted 25 May 1944 in the Army of the United States), and consolidated unit was designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 475th Infantry. The unit was inactivated on 1 July 1945 in China. Between the service of this unit and the honors assumed from various consolidations, the unit colors carried streamers for participation in 16 campaigns during the Second World War: Algeria-French Morocco (streamer with arrowhead indicating participation in the initial assault), Tunisia, Sicily (streamer with arrowhead), Naples-Foggia (streamer with arrowhead), Anzio (streamer with arrowhead), Rome-Arno, Normandy (streamer with arrowhead), Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe, New Guinea, Leyte (streamer with arrowhead), Luzon, India-Burma, and Central Burmaz.

The unit was redesignated on 21 June 1954 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 75th Infantry and allotted on 26 October 1954 to the Regular Army. It was activated on 20 November 1954 on Okinawa. It was inactivated on 21 March 1956 on Okinawa. The unit colors carried streamers for participation in 3 campaigns fo the Korean War: First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive, and UN Summer-Fall Offensive.

The unit was redesignated on 1 January 1969 as Company N, 75th Infantry and activated on 1 February 1969 in Vietnam. It was inactivated on 25 August 1971 in Vietnam. During the conflict in Vietnam, the unit was awarded streamers for participation in 7 campaigns: Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, and Consolidation I.

The unit, while inactive, was consolidated on 3 February 1986 with former Company B, 1st Ranger Infantry Battalion. Company B, 1st Ranger Infantry Battalion had been fist constituted on 27 May 1942 in the Army of the United States as Company B, 1st Ranger Battalion and activated on 19 June 1942 in Northern Ireland. It was redesignated on 1 August 1943 as Company B, 1st Ranger Infantry Battalion before being disbanded on 15 August 1944. It was reconstituted on 1 September 1948 in the Army of the United States as Company B, 1st Infantry Battalion, and activated in the Panama Canal Zone. It was inactivated there on 4 January 1950. The unit was redesignated on 2 November 1950 as the 5th Ranger Infantry Company and allotted to the Regular Army and activated on 20 November 1950 at Fort Benning, Georgia. It was inactivated on 1 August 1951 in Korea. It was again redesignated on 24 November 1952 as Company B, 1st Ranger Infantry Battalion. It was consolidated on 15 April 1960 with the 2nd Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Special Service Force (first activated on 9 July 1942), and the consolidated unit was designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces. It was consolidated again on 30 September 1960 with Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Special Forces Group (first constituted on 14 June 1957 in the Regular Army and activated on 24 June 1957 in Japan), and the consolidated unit was designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces, with its organic units concurrently constituted and activated 4 October 1960. The Group was inactivated on 30 June 1974 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. It was reactivated on 1 September 1984 at Fort Lewis, Washington.

The former Company B, 1st Ranger Infantry Battalion was formally withdrawn on 3 February 1986 from the lineage and honors of the 1st Special Forces Group as part of the consolidated with Company N, 75th Infantry. The consolidated unit was designated as Company N, 75th Ranger Regiment, with the remainder of 1st Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces thereafter having a separate lineage. Company N remained inactive despite the changes to its lineage and honors.

Company N, 75th Ranger Regiment was redesignated on 10 March 2006 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Special Troops Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment with its organic elements concurrently constituted. The Special Troops Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment was provisionally activated on 17 July 2006 and officially activated on 16 October 2007 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The activation was a response to the demands of the war on terror and the changing nature of Ranger operations. The activation of the Special Troops Battalion provided the Ranger Regiment and Special Operations Command with increased operational capabilities to sustained combat operations.

During Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Battalion maintained elements continuously deployed to combat. Both in training and in combat, the Battalion provides continuous support to the 3 other Ranger Battalions and the Regimental Headquarters. The Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment Team 3 conducted a combat military freefall parachute drop onto Wrath Drop Zone in southeast Afghanistan on 10 November 2001. This was conducted in order to establish a Flight Landing Strip for follow on combat operations. Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment Team 3 conducted a combat static line parachute drop onto Shiloh Drop Zone in southeast Afghanistan on 21 November 2001. This was conducted in order to establish a flight Landing Strip for follow on combat operations.

Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment Team 3 conducted a combat military freefall parachute drop onto Tillman Drop Zone in southeast Afghanistan in July 2004 in order to emplace tactical equipment.

Regimental Reconnaissance Company Team 1 conducted a combat military freefall parachute drop with tandem passenger in Afghanistan on 11 July 2009 in order to emplace tactical equipment.




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