5th Armored Brigade (Training Support)
The 5th Armored Brigade (Training Support) is a US Army Reserve training support brigade. The Brigade's mission is to provide pre-mobilization leader and collective training assistance and support. The Brigade's main focus is providing training support, assistance, and evaluation to client units. The Brigade also provides assistance to civilian authorities during peacetime crises and/or natural disasters.
The 5th Armored Brigade (Training Support) was first constituted on 25 August 1942 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters, 5th Tank Destroyer Group and activated on 1 September 1942 at Camp Hood, Texas. During the Second World War, the Group participated in 5 campaigns in the European Theater of Operations: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. After the end of the Second World War, the Group was inactivated on 4 December 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
The unit was converted and redesignated on 8 February 1951 as Headquarters, 5th Armored Cavalry Group, and allotted to the Regular Army. It was activated on 2 March 1951 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. It was reorganized and redesignated on 13 September 1954 as Headquarters, 5th Armor Group before being inactivated on 16 March 1956 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.
The unit was withdrawn on 1 January 1975 from the Regular Army and allotted to the Army Reserve. It was concurrently converted and redesignated as Headquarters, 5th Brigade (Training), and activated at Lincoln, Nebraska. The unit was inactivated there on 15 September 1995 at Lincoln, Nebraska. The unit was withdrawn on 24 October 1997 from the Army Reserve and allotted to the Regular Army. It was concurrently converted and redesignated as Headquarters, 5th Armored Brigade, and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado. It was inactivated on 16 October 1999 at Fort Carson, Colorado as part of the decision to inactivate the separate training brigades assigned to Fifth US Army and reorganize the capability into a number of training divisions.
The 5th Armored Brigade was reactivated at Fort Carson, Colorado on 1 December 2006. The Army's transformation in the 2000s necessitated restructuring the roles and missions of First US Army and Fifth US Army to support reserve component modularity and the Army Force Generation process known as Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN). First US Army's training mission expanded on 16 January 2006 to include training, readiness oversight and mobilization for US Army Reserve and National Guard units throughout the continental United States and two US territories. The transition of the expanded geographic mission began in mid-December 2005 with the transfer of authority between First US Army and Fifth US Army for the Western United States. Previously, First Army trained, mobilized and deployed US Army Reserve and National Guard units in the eastern United States, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. The 5th Armored Brigade became assigned to the expanded First US Army as part of Division West. The unit subsequently was relocated to Fort Bliss, Texas.
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