411th Engineer Brigade
The 411th Engineer Brigade (Theater Army) provides Operational engineer support to U.S. Forces across the range of military operations and throughout the AOR. It provides planning, technical engineer and command and control support in execution of ENCOM missions for military operations other than war (MOOTW). Planning priorities (in order) are for military operations conducted within the Republic of Korea (ROK), USAREUR/EUCOM and SOUTHCOM AORs. On order, provide engineer support to U.S. Forces operating within the forward combat zone (FCZ).
Today, the 411th is an Engineer command and control headquarters for both Combat Heavy and Combat Corps Battalions. As the force continues To downsize and the Engineer community becomes smaller, it has and must continue to be fully integrated in the Engineer force structure. Both in wartime and peacetime, the 411th Engineer Brigade serves as a FORCE MULTIPLIER to subordinate units. Ensuring that unit readiness improves, that soldier's training is both meaningful and realistic, that we provide timely and appropriate guidance and direction, and that we always serve to promote unit mission accomplishment. The PEACETIME area of responsibility spans from Fort Drum, NY to Fort Dix, NJ, from Penn Yan to Amityville, Long Island.
The Brigade exists as a command for the wartime mission which is primarily Korea [OPLAN 5027] and, possibly, all corners of the world. If mobilized for the primary MRC, it is one of 2 EAC brigades in theater under the 412th ENCOM. The Brigade can expect to command and control a minimum of 2 Groups and numerous battalions and engineer support units from all components of the Army. There are 9 battalions and 2 groups under the current plan. Numerous other Fire Fighting units, Utilities Detachments, Bridge units, Pipeline and Construction Support Companies.
Nuevos Horizontes or New Horizons (NH) 99 in Guatemala included deployment of soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines, building 5 schools and latrines, upgrade, repair and maintenance of roads, MERETES and the return to CONUS. Participation in exercises in Korea enabled the Brigade to gain increased knowledge of the wartime AOR, and conduct direct coordination with supported units. The Brigade's training plan for TY 01 is extremely robust. Along with the IRC & Engineer Training troop construction programs it provided support to the 412th ENCOM in Korea and also during Golden Kastle at Fort MacAllester. The 479th Engineer Battalion sent a company to the NTC, the 854th Engineer Battalion provided a company to support JRTC and participate in an Exercise in Germany.
The 411th Engineer Brigade has a proud history spanning almost 80 years. It was first constituted as the 355th Engineer Regiment in 1921. During WWII, the Regiment saw action in the ETO undertaking numerous bridging and mobility missions in Normandy, Northern France, the Rhineland and the Ardennes area. The Regiment was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for service in WWII. In 1948, the unit was reactivated, reorganized and redesignated as the 411th Engineer Brigade. The Brigade was again recalled to active duty in 1990 during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. We also provided engineer Support to Operation Joint Endeavor/Guard by augmenting the 412th ENCOM staff and by the deployment of the 139th and 141st TC Detachments which were under our peacetime command and control.
The 411th Engineer Brigade was constituted 15 October 1921 in the Organized Reserves as the 355th Engineers. Organized in January 1922 with Headquarters at Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Redesignated 1 August 1942 as the 355th Engineer General Service Regiment. Ordered into active military service 1 September 1942 at Camp White, Oregon. Inactivated 17 June 1946 in Germany. Activated 27 May 1947 with Headquarters at Detroit, Michigan. Inactivated 31 December 1948 at Detroit, Michigan.
Regiment broken up and its elements subsequently underwent changes as follows. Headquarters and Headquarters and Service Company reorganized and redesignated 25 February 1949 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 411th Engineer Brigade. 1st Battalion reorganized and redesignated 25 February 1949 as the 928th Engineer Construction Battalion; 2d Battalion reorganized and redesignated 15 March 1949 as the 929th Engineer Construction Battalion--hereafter separate lineages; 3d Battalion disbanded 9 July 1953.
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 411th Engineer Brigade, activated 14 March 1949 at New York, New York. Reorganized and redesignated 22 December 1950 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 411th Engineer Aviation Brigade. Organized Reserve Corps redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve. Reorganized and redesignated 1 January 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 411th Engineer Brigade. Location changed 31 January 1968 to Fort Tilden, New York.
Ordered into active military service 24 March 1970 at Fort Tilden, New York; released 26 March 1970 from active military service and reverted to reserve status. Location changed 3 January 1978 to Brooklyn, New York
Ordered into active military service 6 December 1990 at Brooklyn, New York; released 11 March 1991 from active military service and reverted to reserve status. Location changed 1 April 1996 to New Windsor, New York.
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