2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment
The mission of the 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment is to deploy worldwide within 18 hours of notification, execute a parachute assault, conduct combat operations, and win. The Battalion will conduct a forcible entry to seize a defended airfield, build up combat power as quickly as possible, and conduct follow-on military operations.
The 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment traces its lineage to the 325th Infantry Regiment, activated 5 August 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia as part of the "All-American Division" 82nd Division.
During World War I, the 2nd Battalion, 325th Infantry Regiment was the first unit of the 82nd Infantry Division to make contact with the enemy. The Falcons participated in the St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne and Lorraine campaigns. After the Armistice, they performed occupational duties along the Rhine until April 1919, when the battalion returned to the United States for demobilization.
The unit was reactivated on 25 March 1942 at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana and later redesignated as the 2nd Battalion, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment on 31 October 1942. They trained at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and arrived overseas at Casablanca, French Morocco on 28 April 1943. The Falcons saw their first fighting of World War II at Salerno, Italy, on 15 September 1943. During this period the Battalion was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for actions near Maiori, Italy while operating with the 1st and 3rd Ranger Battalions.
Later the Battalion landed by glider into Normandy, France on 7 June 1944 and participated in the Normandy Campaign until 4 July 1944. The unit later participated in Operation Market Garden in Holland and in the Battle of the Bulge, where they defeated 2 German Divisions: the 62nd Volksgrenadiers and the 9th SS Panzer. In 1945, the 2-325th Airborne Infantry's World War II action ended with a 25 mile thrust to capture the German town of Ludwisgslust. After the war, the Battalion assisted the Berlin occupational duties until it returned to the United States in 1946. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 15 December 1947 as Company B, 325th Infantry.
It was withdrawn on 15 November 1948 from the Organized Reserve Corps and allotted to the Regular Army. It was subsequently reorganized and redesignated on 15 December 1948 as Company B, 325th Airborne Infantry. This unit was inactivated on 1 September 1957 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and relieved from assignment to the 82nd Airborne Division. It was concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Airborne Battle Group, 325th Infantry.
The unit was again redesignated on 6 March 1964 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, 325th Infantry, and assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division with its organic elements concurrently constituted. The Battalion was activated on 25 May 1964 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
On 1 May 1965, the White Falcons deployed to the revolution-torn Dominican Republic for Operation Powerpack. Sent with the mission of relieving the Marines and evacuating civilians, the Battalion secured San Isidio Airfield and attacked across the city of Santo Domingo, linking-up with the Marines in the west part of the corridor. After establishing themselves in Calle Juan Rosco and occupying the east bank of the Ozma River, the White Falcons secured the Santo Domingo Power Plant. After relieving the last remaining Marine Battalion in the western part of the city, the White Falcons participated in further civic action and combat operations before redeploying to Fort Bragg on 2 December 1965.
The 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment again was called to action as the Division Ready Force-1 (DRF-1) on 24 October 1983 as part of Operation Urgent Fury. Deploying within 18 hours of notification, the White Falcons were the first 82nd element to land in Grenada. Upon off-loading aircraft at Point Salinas Airfield, the Battalion went into immediate action against Cuban forces. After securing the American students at True Blue Campus, they engaged and received the surrender of Cuban forces at Calliste Barracks, seized the extensive munitions and material at the Frequente Complex, and linked up with US Marines in the capital city of St. George on 31 October 1983. The Battalion redeployed to Fort Bragg on 4 November 1983.
In October 1987, the White Falcons deployed to the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, to fulfill the US commitment to the 1979 Camp David Accords. From 30 October 1987 to 22 April 1988, the Battalion, as part of the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), secured the 120-mile long southern sector of the peacekeeping zone.
On 6 August 1990, Task Force 2-325 AIR, as the DRF-3, was part of the first combat units alerted for immediate deployment to Saudi Arabia for Operation Desert Shield. The White Falcons occupied defensive sectors near the key port of Al Jubail to draw President Bush's "line in the sand" and to deter further Iraqi aggression. In September 1990, the White Falcons moved to Ab Qaiq to protect oil production facilities in the area. On 23 February 1991, for Operation Desert Storm, the White Falcons were attached to the French 6th Light Armor Division who spearheaded the initial XVIII Airborne Corps assault into Iraq. Task Force 2-325 was 150km inside Iraq awaiting further orders when the cease-fire was declared. The Battalion began redeployment to Fort Bragg on 15 March 1991.
On 29 August 1992, as the DRF-2, the White Falcons deployed to South Florida to aid the victims of Hurricane Andrew. The soldiers in 2-325 Airborne Infantry distributed food, patrolled streets, directed traffic, provided medical services, and cleaned debris from the streets to help the communities recover from that disaster.
On 9 September 1994, the White Falcons were alerted to begin planning for Operation Restore Democracy, the military invasion of Haiti. Task Force 2-325 AIR was attached to 1st Brigade, the 82nd Airborne Division Ready Brigade-1 (DRB-1). As the Division's initial main effort, the task force was to conduct a night parachute assault on Port-au-Prince international Airport. The task force departed Pope AFB enroute to Haiti on 18 September 1994. Two hours into the flight US mediators negotiated the resignation of the Haitian dictator and TF 2-325 AIR returned to Pope AFB. In April 1995, A Company was alerted to deploy to Haiti as part of Operation Uphold Democracy, the United Nations Mission in Haiti. A Company was attached to the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment for the 6-month peacekeeping mission.
In March 1997, the Battalion was alerted to deploy 2 companies and a TAC to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to act as the security force for ARCENT-SA. Once the deployment of B and C Companies had started, the Battalion was alerted to deploy a company to the Republic of Haiti to serve as the security force for the United States Support Group-Haiti. After B and C Companies spent 120 days in the desert of Saudi Arabia and A Company spent 90 days in Haiti, the battalion was reunited in September 1997.
In March 2003, 2-325 Airborne Infantry was attached to the 75th Ranger Regiment as part of a Special Operations Task Force to conduct a parachute assault to seize Saddam International Airport in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. On 21 March 2003, D Company crossed the Saudi Arabia-Iraqi border as part of Task Force Hunter to escort heavy rocket artillery indirect fire systems to destroy Iraqi artillery batteries arrayed against coalition forces in the western Iraqi desert.
Upon cancellation of the parachute assault to seize the airport, the Battalion was detatched and returned to its parent 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment at Talil Airfield near An Nasariyah Iraq. On 31 March 2003, the Battalion attacked into the town of As Samawah to seize 4 critical bridges over the Euphrates River. The Battalion later fought at Ad Diwaniyah, Ar Ramadi, and finally conducted combat and support and stability operations in Baghdad until its return in late January 2004. The unit received the Presidential Unit Citation for its actions on the battlefield.
In December 2004 TF 2-325 AIR deployed to Iraq to provide a safe and secure environment for free elections held in that country on 30 January 2005. Throughout December 2004, the White Falcons operated in central Baghdad, attached to the 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, securing the streets and defeating anti-Iraqi forces. In January 2005 the TF fought further in Mosul, with the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, defeating an entire cell of anti-Iraqi forces. More than 8 million Iraqis were able to vote across Iraq in part due to the efforts of the White Falcons. The Battalion completed redeployment in April 2005. For their actions in Mosul the unit was nominated for the Valorous Unit Award.
On 16 August 2005, TF White Falcon was again called upon to provide a safe and secure environment for the 15 October 2005 Iraqi National Referendum and the December 15th National Parliamentary Election. While attached to the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, the White Falcons defeated the enemy in zone and facilitated the social, economic and political reconstruction of Tal A'far, enabling peaceful and successful elections to occur. The Task Force completed the redeployment in January 2006.
On 15 January 2006, the 82nd Airborne Division became part of the Army's transformation towards a modular force. While other elements of the Division and Brigade were reorganized more dramatically, 2-325th Airborne Infantry was reorganized, but remained with the reorganized 2nd Brigade Combat Team.
In 2007, 2-325th Airborne Infantry deployed to Iraq with other elements of the reorganized 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom. In late 2007 the Battalion returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
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