10th Transportation Battalion (Terminal)
The 10th Battalion is one of three Terminal battalions. The 10th Transportation Battalion (Terminal) is responsible for the command and control of terminal service and marine terminal units engaged in terminal service operations. The units in the 10th Battalion provide the ability to move equipment from port to port, or from ships anchored at sea onto the shore, for forward movement inland to an area of operations.
Among its units are two of the Group's three Logistics Support Vessels (LSV's 6 and 4) and one of the Group's two Floating Craft and Heavy Boat companies. It also has a Port Operation capability with a Port Operations Cargo Detachment (the 149th)(a Cargo Transfer Company (the 155th) and an Automated Cargo Detachment (the 267th). Additionally while operating independently in peacetime the 390th Contract Supervision Detachment provides vital contracting support on operations/exercises.
The 10th Transportation Battalion has deployed units in World War II, Vietnam, Korea, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and most recently to Haiti. The 10th Battalion stands ready to deploy and provide terminal service at a moment's notice anywhere in the world.
Units in the 10th Transportation Battalion include Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 73rd Transportation Company (Floating Crane), 97th Transportation Company (Heavy Boat), 155th Transportation Company (Terminal Service), the 149th Transportation Detachment (Heavy Crane), 358th Transportation Detachment (Automated Cargo Documentation) and the 1099th Transportation Detachment (Logistics Support Vessel 4).
The Headquarters and Headquarters Company provides command and control for all battalion-level terminal operations. The 155th Transportation Company is equipped to handle containerized and breakbulk cargo, as well as rolling stock. The unit has ship and shore platoons which offload and upload ships, perform port terminal operations and operate marshaling yards. The 149th Heavy Crane Detachment lifts heavy cargo in ports and over the shore at beach sites using 140m ton linkbelt cranes. The 358th Automated Cargo documentation Detachment is equipped with computers to perform MILSTAMP documentation procedures which efficiently track cargo from its upload site to its final destination.
The 1099th Transportation Detachment (LSV-4) provides the capability to sail on transatlantic voyages and transport cargo anywhere in the world. There are a total of 6 LSV's in the Army's inventory, of which 5 are in the Active Component. Of these, 3 are operated by the LSV Detachments under the 7th Group. With a range of 6,500 nautical miles fully loaded, these vessels provide the Group with a genuine 'blue water' capability, although with a planning speed of 10-12 knots do not represent a realistic strategic capability. However, with a cargo capability of up to 24 M1A1's, this vessel does provide the Combatant Commander with a significant alternative option for moving combat power forward either by coastal or inland main supply routes.
The 97th Transportation Company utilizes Landing Craft Utility (LCU) 2000s to transport cargo from fixed-port to fixed-port facilities worldwide. They also move cargo from ships at sea onto the shore during logistics-over-the-shore (LOTS) operations. The Heavy Boat Company's workhorse is the Landing Craft Utility. This vessel has the same range as its 'big brother', the LSV. However, and while it does have a 'blue water' capability, it is very much more weather-dependent, and is therefore used more for coastal and riverine operations. The LCU is employed for the movement of containers and general or vehicular cargo and is suitable for unit deployment and relocation. It has a bow ramp for roll-on/roll-off cargo, and a bow thruster to assist in beaching and beach extraction. Because of its shallow draft, the LCU-2000 can carry cargo from deep draft ships to shore ports or areas too shallow for larger ships and, as such, offers the Group a significant In-Stream Discharge and Logistics over the Shore operational capability.
The 73rd Transportation Company provides tug and heavy lift support performing a variety of missions, to include towing, berthing and unberthing ships, and heavy waterborne lifts with floating cranes. The 2 Floating Craft companies in the 7th Group comprise a number of types of vessels including BD cranes, fuel barges, and the Large Tug. The LT-128 is used for towing World-wide. Secondary functions include general utility uses, firefighting, and salvage operations. It may also be used for coastal and limited ocean towing between terminals. The LT-100 can be loaded onto a float-on/float-off vessel or self deploy a maximum distance of just over 3000 nautical miles without refueling. The 7th Group has a total of 10 tugs deployed between the 2 Floating Craft companies with a new series of tug due in service shortly to replace the smallest of the tugs, the 65 footer.
The three Automated Cargo Documentation [ACD] Detachments enable the 7th Group to perform cargo documentation functions throughout the reception, staging and onward movement process, feeding information which allows the maneuver commander to track his equipment as he builds combat power. The ACD's, operating the Worldwide Port System (WPS) and combining the use of RF Tags and hand-held scanners are responsible for recording the discharge and throughput of vehicles and supplies as they arrive in the theater of operations thereby providing asset visibility at the 'operational' level; a vital link in what should be a seamless, worldwide Total Asset Visibility capability.
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