1st Squadron, 75th Cavalry Regiment
The mission of the 1st Squadron, 75th Cavalry Regiment is to conduct all-weather, continuous, accurate and timely Reconnaissance and Surveillance and Combat Operations in complex, close, and urban terrain.
The 1-75th Cavalry traces its lineage and honors to the 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion, which was organized at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on 15 December 1941 out of Battery D of the 58th Armored Field Artillery Battalion. On 17 February 1942 the battalion trained at both Camp Cooke, California and Camp Hood, Texas, where they practiced tank destroyer tactics and weapons firing. On 8 March 1943, the battalion moved to Camp Adair, Oregon. At this new location the Battalion's 75mm armed M3 Gun Motor Carriages were replaced by M10 GMCs with 3-inch guns.
On 14 November 1943, the Battalion moved out to Fort Lewis, Washington, and prepared for overseas deployment. On July 18, 1943 the Battalion landed in Normandy and participated in the bloody advance across the European continent. The Battalion was involved in numerous battles and fought at Bastonge during the Battle of the Bulge. Their actions in the battle won the unit the Presidential Unit Citation.
After the defeat of the German offensive, the 705th continued its push towards the Rhine and participated in the liberation of Central Europe. The unit earned it five battle stars during this march. By the time of the German surrender on 1 May 1945 the 705th Tank Destroyer had made it as far as Kirchschlag, Austria. The 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion was subsequently stood down along with the rest of the 11th Armored Division in September 1945. The entire Tank Destroyer Force, as a seperate branch of the US Army, was eventually disbanded.
As part of the Army's transformation towards a modular force, the 1-705th Tank Destroyer was redesignated the 1-75th Cavalry in 2005.
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