1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment
In the summer of 2005 1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was inactivated as part of the transformation of the 25th Infantry Division to the US Army's modular force structure. Some of its personnel were later used to activate the 94th Army Air and Missile Defense Command, US Army Pacific.
The history of the 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment spanned 200 years. The 1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was, prior to its inactivation, the oldest unit in the 25th Infantry Division (Light) and had earned 47 campaign streamers and a Navy Presidential Unit Citation through the course of 8 wars.
The 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment traces its lineage to Captain Callendar Irvine's Company of Artillerists and Engineers, organized on 27 April 1798. Later the unit fought courageously as Captain James R. Hanham's Company in the War of 1812 earning its first letter designation and campaign streamer as Company K, Corps of Artillery, Northern Division. The unit added 23 more campaign streamers for service in the Mexican, Indian, Civil and Spanish-American Wars. After fighting in the war with Spain and the Philippine Insurrection, the Regiment was designated as the 62nd Coast Artillery Regiment on 14 September 1922.
On 7 July 1942, the unit entered World War II. Following a brief training period in the United Kingdom, the unit deployed to North Africa earning campaign credits for action in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia before deploying first to the Italian Campaign, then France, and finally Germany. The unit inactivated on 13 March 1946, but was soon raised on 15 January 1949 at Fort Bliss, Texas as the 62nd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion and assigned to the 2nd Armored Division, Fort Hood, Texas. In November 1950, the Battalion was alerted for movement to Germany. A portion of the Battalion fought valiantly with the 50th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion in support of 27th Infantry Regiment in the Korean Conflict earning the Battalion 10 campaign streamers and a Presidential Unit Citation.
For 7 years between 1959 and 1965, the 62nd served as a Nike-Hercules Missile unit in the St. Louis Defense Area. After a brief inactivation, the 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was brought back, becoming a parent regiment in the Combat Arms Regimental System. Subsequently, 2 divisional air defense artillery battalions, equipped with a combination of Chaparral SPSAM and Vulcan SPAA were activated, including the 1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment.
In 1995 the Battalions were rearmed with the Avenger system, the most advanced Light Air Defense weapon in the world. Both Battalions possessed the Forward Area Air Defense Command, Control and Intelligence (FAAD C2I) allowing the Battalions to receive real time, digitized air threat data from a Joint source.
In June 1995, C Battery, 1-62nd Air Defense Artillery was inactivated, moved and reactivated at Fort Lewis, Washington in support of the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, which had been detached from the rest of the Division in Hawaii. 1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Regiment (serving also as the Regimental Headquarters for the 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment) supported the 25th Infantry Division (Light), and remained headquartered at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.
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