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1st Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment
"I Strike"

The mission of the 1st Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery was to, on order, deploy rapidly by air, sea, and land in support of the 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) contingency operations, provides timely and accurate early warning and air defense against hostile aerial threats to ensure force protection within the Division's Area or Responsibility.

The 1st Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment, was originally constituted on 27 April 1798 in the Regular Army as a company in the 2nd Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers. It was organized in 1799 as Captain John Lillie's Company, 2nd Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers and reorganized and redesignated on 1 April 1802 as Captain George Izard's Company, Regiment of Artillerists.

The unit was redesignated in June 1803 as Captain Howell Cobb's Company, Regiment of Artillerists, on 1 February 1806 as Captain William Yates' Company, Regiment of Artillerists, and in 1807 as Captain Addison B. Armistead's Company, Regiment of Artillerists.

It was reorganized and redesignated on 11 January 1812 as Captain Addison B. Armistead's Company, 2nd Regiment of Artillery, and on 12 May 1814 as a company in the Corps of Artillery. It was again redesignated on 17 May 1815 as a company in the Corps of Artillery, Southern Division, and on 21 August 1816 as Company I, 1st Battalion, Corps of Artillery, Southern Division.

The unit was consolidated on 1 June 1821 with Company I, Regiment of Light Artillery, and the consolidated unit was reorganized and redesignated as Company E, 3rd Regiment of Artillery. Company I, Regiment of Light Artillery was first organized in 1813 in the Regular Army at Greenbush, New York, as Captain George W. Melven's Company of Light Artillery, Regiment of Light Artillery and redesignated in 1815 as Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Nathan Towson's Company of Light Artillery (under the command of 2d Lieutenant George E. Wells), Regiment of Light Artillery. It was redesignated in 1815 as Captain Henry K. Craig's Company of Light Artillery, Regiment of Light Artillery and again on 22 May 1816 as Company I, Regiment of Light Artillery. The consolidated unit was reorganized and redesignated on 13 February 1901 as the 28th Company, Coast Artillery, Artillery Corps.

It was redesignated on 2 February 1907 as the 28th Company, Coast Artillery Corps, on 12 July 1916 as the 1st Company, Fort Rosecrans, California, and again on 31 August 1917 as the 1st Company, Coast Defenses of San Diego. It was consolidated on 13 October 1919 with the 2nd Company, Coast Defenses of San Diego and the consolidated unit was designated as the 1st Company, Coast Defenses of San Diego. 2nd Company, Coast Defense of San Diego was first organized on 23 May 1917 in the Regular Army as the 4th Company, Fort Rosecrans and redesignated on 31 August 1917 as the 4th Company, Coast Defenses of San Diego. It was redesignated as 2nd Company, Coast Defenses of San Diego on 1 January 1918.

The consolidated unit was redesignated on 1 June 1922 as the 28th Company, Coast Artillery Corps. It was then reorganized and redesignated on 1 July 1921 as Battery E, 3rd Coast Artillery, and on 18 October 1944 as Battery A, 520th Coast Artillery Battalion before being redesignated on 1 December 1944 as Battery A, 3rd Coast Artillery Battalion. It was again reorganized and redesignated on 15 September 1945 as Battery B, Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles. It inactivated on 30 June 1946 at Fort MacArthur, California.

The unit was consolidated on 20 January 1950 with Battery A, 3rd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (active), and the consolidated unit was designated as Battery A, 3rd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, an element of the 3rd Infantry Division. Battery A, 3rd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (active) was first constituted on 6 July 1942 in the Army of the United States as Battery A, 534th Coast Artillery Battalion and activated on 15 July 1942 at Fort Bliss, Texas. That unit was reorganized and redesignated on 12 December 1943 as Battery A, 534th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion and inactivated on 19 October 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia. It was again redesignated 9 December 1948 as Battery A, 3rd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, allotted to the Regular Army and on activated 15 January 1949 at Fort Bliss, Texas.

The unit was again redesignated on 15 April 1953 as Battery A, 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion, before inactivating on 1 July 1957 at Fort Benning, Georgia, at which point it was relieved from assignment to the 3rd Infantry Division.

It was consolidated on 1 January 1960 with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 3rd Artillery (active) (which had been first organized in 1794), and the consolidated unit was designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 3rd Artillery, an element of the 2nd Armored Division, with its organic elements constituted on 21 June 1957 and activated on 1 July 1957). It was redesignated on 1 December 1963 as the 1st Battalion, 3rd Artillery.

It was redesignated (less former Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 3d Artillery) on 1 September 1971 as the 1st Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery. The unit was concurrently inactivated in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 2nd Armored Division (former Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 3rd Artillery was concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery, which thereafter had a separate lineage).

The 1st Battalion, 3d Air Defense Artillery, activated on 10 July 1972 at Fort Bliss, Texas. It was assigned on 4 December 1972 to the 101st Airborne Division. It was inactivated on 16 March 1988 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and was relieved from assignment to the 101st Airborne Division.

The 1st was reassigned on 16 July 1989 to the 4th Infantry Division and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado. It was relieved on 15 March 1996 from assignment to the 4th Infantry Division and assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division.

In February 1998, A Battery and elements of Headquarters and Headquarters and D Batteries deployed in support of Operation Desert Thunder in Kuwait. In May of 2001, 1st Platoon, D battery deployed to Kosovo. In March 2002, C Battery deployed to Kuwait in support of Operation Desert Spring.

In 2003 elements of the 1-3rd Air Defense Artillery participated in the opening actions of Operation Iraqi Freedom as part of the 3rd Infantry Division Mechanized. During the deployment the 1-3rd Air Defense Artillery deployed as part of a Division Artillery (DIVARTY) task force to provide force protection and general security in and around Baghdad International Airport.




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