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1st Battalion - 160th Field Artillery

In 1920, LTC 'William S. Key, was discharged form the US Army after services in World War I. He was appointed, Captain, Field Artillery, Oklahoma Army National Guard and assigned to organize a tight artillery battery at Wewoka Oklahoma. This horse drawn 75mm battery was federally recognized as Battery A, 1st Oklahoma Field Artillery on July 28,1920. As white horses served as artillery animals, Battery "A" became known as the "White Horse Battery". Other artillery elements were organized in the Oklahoma National Guard, and on 18 July 1921, the 1st Oklahoma Field Artillery Regiment, consisting of a Regimental Headquarters and two firing battalions was federally recognized.

The 160th Field Artillery Regiment was later disbanded, and the 1st Battalion became the 160th Field Artillery Battalion, while the 2nd Battalion was renamed the 171st Artillery battalion. Therefore Battery "A", 1st Battalion 160th Field Artillery is the oldest artillery unit in the Oklahoma National Guard. The 160th FA saw action in both World War II and Korea, and thirty-six of our soldiers were killed during the Second World War. During World War II the 160th FA normally supported the 179th Infantry Regiment. A high point of the Battalion's action in Europe came during the Salerno beachhead, when the 160th FA landed with the 179th Infantry and supported the drive inland against the counter-attacking Germans. During the Korean action the Battalion provided direct support to the front line units of the 279th Infantry.

The 1st Battalion, 160th Field Artillery is the Direct Support, Light Artillery Battalion within the 45th Infantry Brigade (Separate) of the Oklahoma Army National Guard. The 45th SIB is one of three Enhanced Brigades aligned with the 7th Infantry Division Headquartered at Fort Carson, CO.

The unit is equipped with M102 105mm Towed Howitzers.



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