1st Battalion, 12th Field Artillery Regiment
In late 2005, as part of planned inactivation of III Corps Artillery and the transformation of the US Army to the new modular force structure, 1st Battalion, 12th Field Artillery Regiment was inactivated.
The 1st Battalion, 12th Field Artillery was first in 1916 as Battery A, 12th Field Artillery, and organized in 1917. The 12th Field Arillery was at that time assigned as an element of the 2nd Division. The 12th Field Artillery Regiment as a whole arrived in France and fought bravely in 4 offenses in World War I.
Following the armistice, the 12th Field Artillery joined the US Army of Occupation, stationed in the Colenz area, then later returned to Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and was inactivated. On 1 May 1939, the Regiment was reactivated as a 155mm howitzer battalion. Battery A, 12th Field Artillery was subsequently reorganized and redesignated as Battery A, 12th Field Artillery Battalion Following the American entry into the Second World War, the 12th Field Artillery Battalion joined the armies staging in England for the invasion of France. On D-Day plus 3, the 12th Field Artillery Battalion landed on Omaha Beach in Normandy and participated in the breakout from the beachhead. Later, the 12th Field Artillery Battalion was in the thick of the fighting of the Battle of the Bulge and it joined in the race across Germany and on Victory in Europe (VE) Day was in Pilson, Czechoslovakia. The 12th Field Artillery Battalion returned to Fort Lewis, Washington where it remained until it was inactivated.
When the Korean War broke out, the 12th Field Artillery Battalion was reactivated and in July 1950, departed for Korea where it participated in the fighting on the Pusan Perimeter. Later it faced the Red Chinese at the Chong-chon river. A year later, the 12th Field Artillery battalion endured some of the bloodiest fighting of the war at T-bone Mountain, Old Baldy, White Horse Mountain, and Pork Chop Hill. In 1954, following the Korean Armistice, the 12th Field Artillery Battalion returned to fort Lewis, Washington and then moved to Fort Benning, Georgia. In the late 1950s, Battery A, 12th Field Artillery Battalion was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 12th Field Artillery.
In 1965, with it's "Honest John" rockets and 8-inch howitzers, the 1-12th Field Artillery returned to Korea. On 20 February 1971, the unit was inactivated at Fort Lewis, Washington, and immediately reactivated at Fort Sill, Oklahoma on 1 April 1971. The 1st Battalion, 12th Field Artillery became the world's first Lance Missile Battalion with a wartime mission to provide nuclear and non-nuclear fires. The 1-12th Field Artillery began converting to the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) in August 1992. At that time the unit was part of the 17th Field Artillery Brigade, III Corps Artillery.
During the year 2000, the 1-12th Field Artillery (MLRS) conducted many battalion and battery-level FTXs and EXEVALs at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. The 1-12th Field Artillery also deployed its 0&1 to Fort Stewart, Georgia, and the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, California for a successful rotation with the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division Division (not to be confused with the modular brigade combat team), in April 2000.
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