1st Battalion - 129th Field Artillery
D Battery, 1st Battalion, 129th Field Artillery, holds the distinction of being the only D Battery in the Army. Field artillery batteries normally have A, B and C batteries. The battery was commanded by Capt. Harry S. Truman during World War I. In 1918, Harry S. Truman, in command of Battery D 129th Field Artillery, Missouri ARNG, is reported to have said, while engaging German troops in Brittany, "Right now, I'm where I want to be-in command of this battery. I'd rather be here than president of the United States". A congressional mandate designated the battery D Battery in honor of Truman, who served as president from 1945-53.
The 128th and 129th Field Artillery had some name and structural changes in early September 1999. This resulted from implementing the MTOE (Modified Table of Organization and Equipment) change with the Army's direction to support current doctrine. The new concept does away with service battery functions. There are sections in all firing batteries. Eliminated are some of the command structures while placing them closer to the firing battery. That makes them more under a firing battery function. The supply section stayed as the service detachment. Battalion motor section stayed in the service detachment.
The official name changes are: Headquarters Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion 129th Field Artillery changed to Headquarters Headquarters Service (-Detachment), 1st Battalion 129th Field Artillery; Service Battery, 1st Battalion 129th Field Artillery will change to Detachment 1, Headquarters Headquarters Service, 1st Battalion 129th Field Artillery.
With the readjustment, many people found themselves without a slot to fill in their individual units. But no one lost a job. The Adjutant General finds the best interest with keeping units in those communities. It made sense to split them into detachments. The detachments are smaller. Some people had to move. But each person was dealt with according to individual circumstance. The reduction in slots wasn't as much of an issue. Though the unit size was smaller by a few, the grade loss in the officer and enlisted level were absorbed through other similar units.
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