SS-30 ?? / RS-28 / 15A28 Sarmat
New Heavy ICBM
The RS-28 "Sarmat" is a Russian prospective missile system for ground-based mine with a heavy liquid intercontinental ballistic missile. It has been developed since the 2000s by specialists of V.P. Makeyev State Rocket Center JSC (Miass, Chelyabinsk Region) as a replacement for the Voevoda R-36M2 complex. Weight - 200 tons, throw weight - about 10 tons.
Sarmatia is the ancient name of a region between the Volga and Vistula Rivers now covering parts of Poland, Belarus, and SW Russia. Etymology of the name Sarmat is disputed, the old Eurocentric ideas receding and reformed with each new "surprising" discovery. Ideas reflect the corners hosting the authors, with the least attention paid to the Uralic peoples and known Sarmatian ethnology.
The prospective Sarmat complex with a liquid intercontinental ballistic missile will have a wide range of promising warheads, including new-generation hypersonic ones. This was told by the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces (Strategic Missile Forces), Colonel General Sergei Karakaev in an interview with the army newspaper Krasnaya Zvezdaa, published on 16 December 2019. "The Sarmat complex provides for the possibility of installing, in addition to the existing types of warheads, a wide range of promising ones, including new-generation hypersonic ones," said Karakaev.
According to him, work is underway to prepare the lead missile regiment for rearmament to new complexes. Moreover, the properties, design, and characteristics of the complex have been studied at leading military universities for more than three years. "The Strategic Missile Forces are fully prepared for the new missile system to be put on combat alert," Karakaev emphasized, adding that the industry is currently continuing to prepare for Sarmatís state flight tests.
In the "President's Address to the Federal Assembly" on 01 March 2018, Putin stated "the Ministry of Defense, in conjunction with the rocket and space industry, has begun an active phase of testing a new missile complex with a heavy intercontinental missile. We called it "Sarmat". This missile system will replace the complex "Voevod", created in the Soviet Union. Everyone always recognized his high fighting power. Our foreign colleagues, as you know, have appropriated to him even a very threatening name.
"But the capabilities of the rocket "Sarmat" are much higher. With a weight of over 200 tons, it has a short active part of the flight, which makes it difficult to intercept the missile defense. The range of a new heavy rocket, the number and power of combat blocks is more than that of Voevoda. "Sarmat" will be equipped with a wide range of nuclear weapons of high power, including hypersonic, and the most advanced missile defense systems. High characteristics for the protection of launchers and large energy capabilities will ensure the application of this complex in any situation.
"The "Voevod" has a range of 11 thousand kilometers, the new system of limitations on the range is practically nonexistent. As can be seen from the video, he is able to attack targets both through the North and South Pole. "Sarmat" is a very formidable weapon, because of its characteristics, it does not interfere with any even promising missile defense systems...."
The design of the missile has two stages (probably), with the the two-speed rocket "drowned" in the fuel tank, and the fuel tanks bearing with combined dividing bottoms. Block of warheads and warhead missiles layout are presumably on the classical for the UEC Makeeva scheme - warheads back on the flight.
In an interview with the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda on 12 March 2018, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov said that the Russian army would receive a new heavy Sarmat ICBM with improved technical capabilities. "It is understood that, unlike its predecessors, it can also be equipped with hypersonic units that increase the problem of its interception on the part of anti-missile systems by an order of magnitude," Sarmat is expected to feature advanced countermeasures to enable it to penetrate missile defenses including a complex command and control system and a high degree of maneuverability, Strategic Missile Force commander Lt. Gen. Sergei Karakaev said on 17 December 2013.
The new missile, weighing at least 200 tons, will reportedly be capable of carrying a payload of up to 10 tons on any trajectory. This means an attack on a target could be made from any direction, i.e. RS-28 could start from Russia and fly in the direction of Antarctica, make a circumterrestrial flight and hit targets on the other side of the planet from an unexpected direction.
The new missile will replace the Voyevoda R-36M2 Satan ICBM. Russia’s solid-propellant ICBMs may be unable to penetrate missile defenses, the general said. The Sarmatian ballistic & orbital missile weighing in at 100 metric tons at launch will be capable of launching 4,350 kilograms throw-weight some 10,000 kilometers range as compared to the 10 warhead, 8.800 kg throw-weight at 10,000 kilometers range of the SS-18, Governor ICBM. This suggest a possible 4 warhead configuration design.
Subsequent description have indicated it will not merely replace the silo-based SS-18, (RS-20V and RS-20-VP) in the 2018-2020 time frame but will be operationally deployed in the 2018-2026 planned period. Early field deployment of strategic ballistic missile is the standard Soviet/Russian practice to wring out the system as it is also being flight tested. It mission will not only replace the SS-18 MIRV operations but it has also be assigned another serious task.
The first throw tests of the new rocket were carried out in December 2017. At the Plesetsk cosmodrome, the second tests of a new liquid-propellant intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) of the heavy class "Sarmat" were carried out , during which the characteristics of the rocket were confirmed during the prelaunch preparation and at the initial stage of the flight. Such data was reported on 30 March 2018, by the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper - the official publication of the Russian Defense Ministry.
Tactical and technical characteristics of Russiaís Sarmat heavy intercontinental ballistic missile were disclosed for the first time at the International Military-Technical Forum Army-2019, held outside Moscow, a Sputnik correspondent reported on 27 June 2019. According to a booklet, presented as part of one of the event's exhibitions, Sarmat missile has the firing range of 18,000 kilometres (11,185 miles), while its launch mass totals 208.1 tonnes. Payload capacity of the missile amounts to less than 10 tonnes. The missile is 35.5 meters (116.5 feet) long and has 3 meters in diameter, while its fuel load is 178 tonnes. Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile is one of the new weapons in Russia's strategic arsenal, which Russian President Vladimir Putin unveiled back in 2018. This type of missile is expected to replace Voyevoda ballistic missiles. First mass-produced Sarmat missiles are scheduled to enter service in 2021.
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