Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


SS-30 ?? / RS-28 / 15A28 Sarmat
New Heavy ICBM

The Russian military plans to put Sarmat in service in late 2018 and complete replacing older variants of Satan by 2020. Tests of the new Russian ICBM RS-28 Sarmat, which is meant to replace the outgoing heavy silo-based Soviet R-36M missiles, dubbed “Satan" by NATO, are likely to begin in summer of 2016. The RS-28 has been in development since 2009 and is scheduled to start replacing the old ICBMs in 2018.

On 07 September 2016, a defense industry official told Russian media that the mass production of the RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile, a new multi-warhead, super-heavy missile designed to defeat anti-missile systems, would begin in 2018, two years ahead of schedule.

The new missile, weighing at least 100 tons, will reportedly be capable of carrying a payload of up to 10 tons on any trajectory. This means an attack on a target could be made from any direction, i.e. RS-28 could start from Russia and fly in the direction of Antarctica, make a circumterrestrial flight and hit targets on the other side of the planet from an unexpected direction.

In 2011, the Russian military announced plans to build a new missile [Russian and Western designations SS-X-?? is unknown pending flight testing by the period of 2016-2018] to replace the Voyevoda, (Governor) (SS-18, Satan) ICBM, which had been in service since 1967.

Sarmatia is the ancient name of a region between the Volga and Vistula Rivers now covering parts of Poland, Belarus, and SW Russia. Etymology of the name Sarmat is disputed, the old Eurocentric ideas receding and reformed with each new "surprising" discovery. Ideas reflect the corners hosting the authors, with the least attention paid to the Uralic peoples and known Sarmatian ethnology.

Russia's State Rocket Center V. P. Makeyev of (Miass) and NGO's Engineering (Reutov) along with NPO Mashinostroyeniyais is developing the new sarmat / Sarmatian heavy liquid-propellant intercontinental ballistic missile to overcome the U.S.’s prospective missile defense system, Strategic Missile Forces chief Lt. Gen. Sergei Karakayev said 16 December 2011. The decision had been made to create a new silo-launched heavy missile that will have “enhanced capability to breach a hypothetical US missile defense system,” he said.

“One of the main enterprises developing liquid-propelled missiles now is the Academician V.P. Makeyev State Rocket Center. Thanks to the high scientific-technical and industrial potential, it has won a tender for the state order placement that also involved other Russian enterprises, in particular, the Reutov-based VPK NPO Mashinostroyeniya rocket design bureau," Commander of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces (RSMF) Colonel General Sergey Karakayev told reporters on 16 December 2014.

According to Karakayev, the Makeyev State Rocket Center “has drawn together cooperation ensuring closed-cycle design, development and serial production of missiles and sea-launched missile systems. Specialists of the enterprises have carried out major preparatory work, in particular, for the study of the experience of the creation of the Voivode class missiles (NATO’s reporting name Satan).... So, we have no doubt that the new heavy liquid-propelled missile will be created before the end of the current decade".

The new missile will replace the Voyevoda R-36M2 Satan ICBM. Russia’s solid-propellant ICBMs may be unable to penetrate missile defenses, the general said. The Sarmatian ballistic & orbital missile weighing in at 100 metric tons at launch will be capable of launching 4,350 kilograms throw-weight some 10,000 kilometers range as compared to the 10 warhead, 8.800 kg throw-weight at 10,000 kilometers range of the SS-18, Governor ICBM. This suggest a possible 4 warhead configuration design.

Subsequent description have indicated it will not merely replace the silo-based SS-18, (RS-20V and RS-20-VP) in the 2018-2020 time frame but will be operationally deployed in the 2018-2026 planned period. Early field deployment of strategic ballistic missile is the standard Soviet/Russian practice to ring out the system as it is also being flight tested. It mission will not only replace the SS-18 MIRV operations but it has also be assigned another serious task.

Russia’s Strategic Missile Force will deploy a new heavy intercontinental ballistic missile no later than 2020, its commander said on 17 December 2013. “We are counting on introducing into the armory by 2018-2020 at the outside a new missile system with specifications not inferior to its predecessor," Lt. Gen. Sergei Karakaev said. The new silo-based Sarmat ICBM will replace the world’s most powerful nuclear missile, the twenty-five-year-old R-36M2 (SS-18 Satan).

Sarmat is expected to feature advanced countermeasures to enable it to penetrate missile defenses including a complex command and control system and a high degree of maneuverability, he said. The new system is just one of a number that will totally replace Soviet-era missiles by 2021, he said. “New hardware is arriving on time and by 2018 more than 80 percent of Russia’s strategic missile force will be comprised of the latest weapons," Karakaev said.

By 2018, Russian nuclear forces will be limited to 1,550 warheads and 700 total deployed strategic nuclear delivery systems including long-range missiles and bombers as part of the New START treaty signed with the United States in 2011. Karakaev called that number “necessary and sufficient" to maintain strategic nuclear parity with the US and other nuclear states. The new missiles are part of a $700 billion procurement plan for the Russian Armed Forces in the period to 2020.

The draft for the heavy intercontinental ballistic missile was to be elaborated no later than June 2009 (according to an interview the Commander RSVN n. Solovtsova, on Jun 10, 2005). At that time development was scheduled to be completed by the end of 2016 (source-the Commander of the STRATEGIC ROCKET FORCES a. Shvaichenko, 16.12.2009, 2005).

According to sketchy information in late 2010 or early 2011, it was planned to review the draft and continue the project with the further elaboration of the requirements. Technical specifications for the development were approved in 2011. Development of technical specifications for OCD "sarmat" on the development of advanced missile with liquid ICBM was carried out with the participation of the CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE of the No. 4 Defense Ministry. In 2011, the "Vanguard" has begun to develop guidance technology and feasibility study for the construction of the airframe of the missiles - this work was scheduled for completion in 2012, the development of materials for the conceptual design of the onboard equipment for OCD "sarmat" layout of components of the angular velocity of the wave-based solid-state gyro and making six of layout designs VTG planned SPC automatics and instrument making in January-April 2012.

The former Chief of the General staff of the STRATEGIC MISSILE FORCES, Colonel-General Viktor Yesin (as of 2012, the Commander-in-Chief of the STRATEGIC MISSILE FORCES consultant) said Russia will be staging a new ICBMS on alert beginning in 2018. On June 18, 2013 RIA "Novosti" reported that the construction of a full-scale model of the rocket will begin in 2014.

Storage, transport and launch of TPK are development and production of OJSC "Avant Guarde". In 2011, the "Vanguard" has begun to develop guidance technology and feasibility study for the construction of the hull TPK "sarmat". Control system and guidance -control system are inertial. At least parts of the angular velocity of the wave-based solid-state gyroscope (VTG) is developing the NPC automatics and instrument making. akad. N.a. Pilyugina. development of materials for the conceptual design of the onboard equipment for OCD "sarmat" layout of components of the angular velocity of the wave-based solid-state gyro and making six of layout designs VTG planned NNC automatics and instrument making in January-April, 2012. As soisipolnitelâ on OCD "sarmat" in 2011, was a manufacturer of measuring instruments "Sri" Hermes "(city of Zlatoust).

The design of the missile has two stages (probably), with the the two-speed rocket "drowned" in the fuel tank, and the fuel tanks bearing with combined dividing bottoms. Block of warheads and warhead missiles layout are presumably on the classical for the UEC Makeeva scheme - warheads back on the flight.



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