Iskander-E (SS-26 Stone)
In the late 1990s the Kolomna KB, which was in a difficult financial position, followed up its earlier work to develop a new tactical system, which it called the Iskander-E. This name suggested that it was first intended for export (the letter E stands for export), primarily to the Middle East. "Iskander" is the name used in Arab countries to describe Alexander the Great. That name is to symbolize to system buyers its invulnerability and high combat efficiency.The Iskander-E (SS-26 Stone) is a tactical surface-to-surface missile complex designed to deliver high-precision strikes at a variety of ground targets at a range of up to 280 km (170 miles). It carries a single warhead with a payload of 400 kg to comply with the limits laid down by the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). The Iskander-E has a launch weight of 3,800 kg and is deployed on a transporter erector launcher (TEL) vehicle that carries two missiles. The missiles incorporate 'stealth' technology and feature variable flight trajectory. They can reportedly be launched within a minute of each other and have a circular-error probable (CEP) of 30 meters. An Iskander battery comprises TELs, loaders, and a command vehicle. Target acquisition is supported by a mobile data-processing center. The system is intended to use conventional warheads for engagement of pinpoint and area targets, such as:
- hostile fire weapons (missile systems, multiple launch rocket systems, long-range artillery pieces);
- air and antimissile defense weapons;
- fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft at airfields;
- command posts and communications nodes;
- critical civilian infrastructure facilities;
- other vital pinpoint and area targets.
- high probability of fire mission accomplishment in hostile active countermeasures environments;
- high probability of failure-proof functioning of the missile during its launch preparation and in flight;
- automatic computation and input of missile flight missions by the launcher devices;
- high tactical maneuverability and strategic mobility owing to transportability of the system vehicles by all types of transport;
- automation of battle management of missile units and their information support;
- long service life and ease of operation.
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