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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Sawani

Prior to the release of the 28 May 2004 IAEA report, this facility was not previously associated with Libya's nuclear weapons program in the open literature. It is unclear whether the US intelligence community had associated this facility with Libya's nuclear ambitions prior to the year 2003, when Libya decided to abandon the weapons program.

The initial storage for the UCF and storage of centrifuge equipment from the 1980s experiments was at Sawani. It was termed Site G by the IAEA.

According to the Libyan authorities, in 1984, Libya ordered from abroad a pilot scale uranium conversion facility, fabricated in portable modules in accordance with specifications provided by Libya. These modules were received in 1986 and stored until 1998 in various locations around Tripoli. In 1998, the modules were moved and partially assembled at Sawani (Site G) and subsequently moved to Al Khalla (Site C), into what would be called the Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF). Between March and October 2003, Libya carried out the dismantling, packing and moving of the UCF to Salah Eddin (Site D), where most of the modules currently are located. The milling and waste treatment modules, however, were still at Sawani (Site G) as of December 2003.

As Sawani is located south of Tripoli at Latitude 32.7167 Longitude 13.0667 (between Tripoli and the airport). Other such places are Sawani Bin Adam (32.72, 13.08 -- also between Tripoli and the airport) Sawani al Qawarishah (32.00, 20.05) Sawani Fassanu (31.32, 12.80 -- out in the deep desert) Sawani Qurji (32.87, 13.15 -- in downtown Tripoli)






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