The name Pyongyang means "flat land" or "cozy place". The city has about 2 million inhabitants. Pyongyang is situated at the Taedong River. Northwest of the city are hills.
The high-rise suburbs are connected to the city center by huge thoroughfares - one even being 13 lanes wide. The Pyongyang metro is an easy way of transportation within the city. Pyongyang's subway consists of a north-south route (14 km) and east-west route (20 km), crossing each other. The two routes combined extend for 34 km. 8 stations are set up along the north-south route and 9 stations on the east-west route. The stations have been, like the Moscow example, decorated with reliefs and revolutionary paintings. Stations are named after propaganda terms, like Comrade, Victory, and Construction, instead of regional names. Comrade station (north-south route) and Victory station (east-west route) are transfer stations on the Pyongyang subway. Construction work on the north-south route and east-west route began simultaneously in 1968, but the construction of the north-south route was completed in September 1973, and the construction of the east-west route in September 1978. The Mankyungdae route (about 10 km) linking Kwangbok station to the Mankyungdae district, where Kim Il-sung's birthplace is located, was planned for completion by October 2000.
The Pyongyang subway is renowned for its depth. The Puhung (Reconstruction) station is dug 100 meters under Pyongyang. Because it was dug 150-meters underground (versus 10-30 meters in Seoul), escalators must be used for going up and down inside the subway. The subway was constructed at such a depth underground to cope with times of emergency like war, but has a tendency to consume too much electricity for its operations.
The "Integrated Command Post for Nuclear Warfare" was built at Mt. Chidang in Changsan-dong, Sosong District of Pyongyang by 1994. Construction of "the Nuclear Watch Guard Post" [at Solbong of Cheyukchon, Angol of the Mangyongdae District, Pyongyang] began in May 1993 and was scheduled for completion by November 1993.
Reportedly in a plenary meeting of party cadres of the DPRK People's Army held at the beginning of December 1992, Choe Kwang, chief of General Staff of the Ministry of People's Armed Forces announed that it had been decided to finish the construction of the "Nuclear Watch Guard Post" at Solbong of Cheyukchon, Angol of the Mangyongdae District, Pyongyang, by 1993.
This information is based on statements by Yi Chung-kuk, 26, who defected from North Korea in March 1994.
According to Choi Ju-hwal, who in 1995 defected from his post as Colonel and Chief of joint venture section of Yung-Seong Trading Company under the Ministry of People's Army, missile production facilities include 125 Factory [also called the "Pyongyang Pig Factory"] in the Hyengjesan Area of Pyongyang.
Nuclear weapons related facilities include the College of Nuclear Physics at Kim Il-Song University, and the College of Nuclear Physics within Kim Cha'ek University of Technology.
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