"In wartime, truth is so precious that
she should always be attended by
a bodyguard of lies."
North Korean Missile Designations
|KN-01||SS-N-1 Styx ?|
|KN-03||?? Hwasong-5 / Scud-B|
|KN-04||?? Hwasong-6 / Scud-C|
|KN-06||SAM [S-300 / FT-2000]|
|KN-09||300-mm Artillery Rocket|
|KN-12||MRL 40 x 122mm|
|KN-16||MRL 22 x 240mm|
|KN-24 ??||ATACMS / PrSM counterpart|
|KN-25??||450-mm Artillery Rocket|
|KN-26 ??||?? Hwasong-18 Solid Fuel ICBM|
|KN-27 ??||Hwasong-17 liquid Fuel ICBM|
|KN-28 ???||Hwasal-1 GLCM|
|KN-30???||KN-SA-X-02 / Pon’gae-6?|
|KN-32 ???||Hwasal-2 GLCM|
|The "KN" [Korea, North] missile designation system is of South Korean origin. It is apparently applied to missiles of North Korean origin. Some of these missiles are well attested under this designation system, though there are many missing pieces, and no small confusion.|
The older NK- and or NKSL- system is a public derived similar system from the “Cold War” North Korean Satellite Launch System with numeric designations similar to that utilized to define Soviet era satellite launch systems such as the SL-4 Soyuz booster by the US intelligence community.]
The Unha or Eunha (Korean: "Galaxy") is a North Korean space launch vehicle. The December 21, 2012 edition of the Rodong Sinmun cited KCST officials as saying that the Unha-9 will carry a lunar spacecraft, and that Unha-4 through Unha-8 will carry communications and earth observation satellites. The incremental increase in the Unha designations may just be a tactic by North Korea to mislead space experts into thinking that Unha-3 and Unha-2 are two different rockets, given that Unha-2 and Unha-3 are almost the same height and Unha-9 is taller than the former two.
Most North Korean missiles have been given an alphanumeric designator in the Hwasong sequence, the word Hwasong being a Korean word meaning Powerful, Innovative, or Sacrifice. The North's SLBMs have been designated "Pukguksong", the Korean word for Polaris, the polar star. The North Koreans may be a tad crazy, but they also have a sense of humor. The first American SLBM was also called Polaris. This is all pretty confusing. The South Korean intelligence community has evidently sought to bring some sense to the matter with the "KN" [Korea, North] missile designation system. The bad news is that this system is all the way up to KN-22, but no more than half of these missiles have been associated with the other designation systems, so this has added to the confusion, rather than resolving them.
|Land-Based Ballistic Missiles|
|Hwasong means “Mars”|
aka "Star of Fire"
|Hwasong-1||3R10 Luna-2 FROG-5|
|Hwasong-2||? HQ-2/SA-2 SSM|
|Hwasong-8||"hypersonic missile" [not Taepodong-1]|
|Hwasong-9||Nodong-1M / KN-04 / ER-Scud / Scud-D / Scud 2|
|Hwasong-13||KN-08 / KN-14 / Rodong-C|
|Hwasong-16||KN-17 IRBM + MARV|
|Hwasong-18||Solid Fuel ICBM|
|Sea-Based Ballistic Missiles|
| Pukguksong means “Polaris” aka "North Star"|
an homage to the US Polaris SLBM
|Hwasal means “Arrow”|
|Hwasal-1||KN-28 ??? GLCM|
|Kumsong means “Venus”|
aka "Goldstar" / "Star of Metal"
|Kumsong-3||Kh-35 (SS-N-25) KN-01|
|Pon’gae = Lightning|
|Pon’gae-2||SA-3 Goa S-125 Pechora|
|Pon’gae-6||KN-30 KN-SA-X-02 S-400|
|More Nomenclature Options|
Taeyang = “Sun”|
Susong = “Mercury” = "Star of Water"
Moksong = ??Jupiter” = "Star of Wood"
Tosong = “Saturn” = "Star of Soil"
ChonWangSong = "Uranus" = Sky King Star
HaeWangSong = "Neptune" = Sea King Star
MyongWangSong = "Pluto" = Dead King Star
Unha or Eunha = "Galaxy"|
space launch designation, probably keyed to specific payloads rather than the launch vehicle
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