NKIK - Ground Command and Measurment Complex
Space Flight Control Center
Golitsino-2 is the main Russian spacecraft test and control center. The Military Space Forces (with the Russian initials VKS) runs the nation's space-tracking networks and has its own spacecraft control center, Golitsino-2 at Shabolovka in Krasnoznamensk, near Moscow. In 1967-1972 military control stations and communications networks were integrated into common communications centers such as Golitsino-2.
This is the main center for testing and control, to which the ground command and measuring posts and maritime command and measuring posts are subordinated. The center includes the basic system of stationary and mobile command, programming, telemetric, and trajectory systems, communication equipment, devices for automated collection and processing of information intended for control over all satellites functioning in outer space. This system is universal for all types of satellites. The center can control up to 200 satellites for various purposes constantly staying in orbit. All ground command and measuring systems are united into 13 command and measuring posts located in Krasnoe Selo, Shchelkovo, Maloyaroslavets, Vorkuta, Kolpatovo, Barnaul, Yeniseysk, Ulan-Ude, Yakutsk, Galenki, Korol, Solnechnoe, Yeliseevo.
By Presidential decree on 24 September 1993, just before the 11th anniversary of the maiden GLONASS mission, the GLONASS program was officially placed under the auspices of the Russian VKS. This organization is responsible not only for the deployment and on-orbit maintenance of GLONASS spacecraft (the latter through the Golitsino-2 Satellite Control Center) but also, through its Scientific Information Center, for certification of GLONASS user equipment.
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