KSLV - Korean Space Launch Vehicle
The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) Russian made Ground Test Vehicle with The Republic of Korea second stage and payload shroud undergoing launch pad installation facilities testing April 15, 2009
Background of the Space Program
In January 2005 it was reported that the Korea Aerospace Research Institute intended to buy 10 Russian «Angara» boosters, developed by GKPNTS Khrunichev. At that time the plan was that South Korea would develop its rocket technology in three phases. In the first phase is planned to build a launch vehicle KSLV-1 (Korea Space Launch Vehicle), which 80% will consist of details of the missile «Angara». Launch KSLV-1 will be used to output in low-Earth orbit satellites weighing up to 100 kg. Total plans to make 10 rocket KSLV-1, which will be purchased 10 missiles «Angara». Two of these rockets would be used for test runs, one - for the start of this microsatellite weighing 100 kg, while the rest - for testing of ground control systems.
In the second phase, which will continue until 2010, was planned to develop the following KSLV-2 rocket, capable of placing into Earth orbit a satellite weighing up to 1 ton. And by 2015, South Korea planned to establish the KSLV-3 carrying capacity of 1.5 tons.
As the U. S Department of State spokesman Ian Kelly stated on August 18, 2009 South Korea has "developed their space launch program in a responsible manner." and that "The South Koreans have developed their program in a very open and transparent way, and in keeping with the international agreements that they have signed on to." and "This is in stark contrast to the example set by North Korea, which has not abided by its international agreements."
1999 - KSLV-I - Korea Space Launch Vehicle-1
Korea has been developing a small launch vehicle with the aim of lifting a several-hundred kg multi-purpose satellite within a decade. KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) developed a 13-ton thrust liquid propellant sounding rocket, KSR-III (Korea Sounding Rocket-III). In December 1999, South Korea announced plans to have an operational commercial launch vehicle for small satellites by 2005. South Korea would begin building a launch facility in 2001 and complete it in 2004. Development of such a rocket was projected to cost between $500 million and $1 billion. South Korea hoped that development of an indigenous space launch ability will encourage its high technology industries
A space launch vehicle is a cluster of modern technologies, which are based on the advanced technology for high-strength-low-weight composite structures, high pressure cryogenic tank, liquid rocket engine, guidance control, etc. Particularly, system integration technology is a key technology to integrate and manage the advanced technologies. The Korea Aerospace Research Institute managed the development and Korean Air participated as the system integration and the development company of subsystems such as the harness and MTU connector in the KSLV-I.
KARI and the Ministry of Science and Technology planned to develop a satellite launch vehicle capable of putting a 100 kg payload into orbit by 2005 based on the KSR-III sounding rocket. The KSR-III's successful launch indicates that Korea has secured the basic technology needed to develop a satellite-launching vehicle. As most of the core technologies of KSR-III can be applied to KSLV-I, the core technologies obtained for KSR-III in cooperation with universities and industries were to serve a basis for the KSLV-I development, which would use the KSR-III as the core vehicle, with a pair of strap-on boosters derived from the KSR-III.
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