Barreira do Inferno Launch Center (05º 55'S / 035º09'W)
The early Sondas were test-launched from Barreira do Inferno (literally, "Barrier of Hell") Launch Center (Centro de Lançamento da Barreira do Inferno), near the city of Natal in the Northeast (Nordeste).
In 1964, with resources of the National Research Council - National Advice of Research (CNPq) and of the Ministry of Aeronautics, the Barrier of Inferno range was built up and equiped, while training support was provided by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The election for localization of this Center, subordinated to the Department of Research and Desenvolvimento (DEPED), of the Command of the Aeronautics, followed requirements as: proximity with the magnetic equator; existing logistic support already; low pluviométrico index; great area of impact (ean); e conditions of predominantly favorable winds. After criteriosa research, was chosen a neighboring area Ponta Negra (RN), called Barrier of the Hell, thus called had to its colored falésias.
The beginning of the activities of the Center of Launching of the Barrier of Inferno (CLBI), in December of 1965, occurred with the launching of a sounding rocket of North American manufacture Apache Nike. On December 15th, 1965, with the launching of Nike-Apache sounding rocket the operations at CLBI were initiated. Since then, international several projects have been carried out, involving, will be instance, NASA, the Air Force Geophisics Laboratory (AFGL) and the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Luftund-Raumfahrt (DLR), the total of 486 sounding rockets already launched, both Brazilian (SOUNDING LEAD II, SOUNDING LEAD III, and SOUNDING LEAD IV) and foreign (Super-loki, Super-coffers, Nike-apache, Nike-orion, Nike-black BRANT, BEAVER LAUNCH, several Skylark-12 and others).
Since 1979, the a result of an agreement between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Brazilian Government, the Range facilities were improved in to order you enable the CLBI you provide support you the ARIANE Program. This support consists of telemetry dates acquisition, Real-teams dates processing and transmission you Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) and Centre Spatial de Toulouse (CTS).
The CLBI acts in the segment of launching of sounding rockets and tracing of space devices. The Center already carried through about 400 launchings, since the small meteorological sounding rockets of the Loki type , until vehicles of high performance of theCastor-Lance classroom , of four periods of training. Two experiments involving the INPE, NASA and the CLBI deserve prominence: Exametnet project , for studies of the atmosphere in 60 altitudes of 30 and km, when 88 operations between 1966 and 1978 had been carried through, totalizing 207 launchings; e the project Ozone , to study the ozone layer, with a total of 81 launchings representing 16 operations between 1978 and 1990.
- Pad # 1. It is a circular concrete area, 24 m in to diameter, equiped with the Universal Rail Launcher.
- Pad # 2. It is to rectangular concrete area (20 x 6 m), equiped with the MRL 7,5k to launcher.
- Pad # 3. It is a circular concrete area, 20 m in to diameter, equiped with the NIKE type to launcher, which is also used you fit the Super-loki to launcher to adapter.
- Pad # 4. It is a circular concrete area, 10 m in to diameter, equiped with the tubular LOKI to launcher and test rocket to launcher.
- Pad # 5. It is to rectangular concrete area (30 x 5 m), used you place users ' mobile launchers.
- Pad # 6. It is to rectangular concrete area (50 x 10 m), equiped with the SONDA IV assembly to tower and launch platform.
As for orbital launchings, in particular equatorial, the quick CLBI services of tracing and security of vehicles satelitizadores launched of the Center of Launching of Alcântara (CLA). One another action developed in the Center and that it deserves prominence is the intense cooperation with the Space Agency Européia (ESA), through the activity of tracking of the Ariane vehicle , since its inaugural flight.
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