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Homeland Security


Armed Islamic Group


Center of GravityAlgeria
ScopeRegional
Area of OperationFrance
StatusSupported by al-Qaeda
StatusDesignated Terrorist Organization
Core membership1003
Alias(es)Gamaa al-Islamiya, AIG1, GIA2, Al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah3, Groupement Islamique Arme3
Key membersQaricept al Jizaeri
Formed1992
Narrative and Notes (Reliable)The group began violent activity in 1992 after Algeria's military government cancelled elections to forestall a victory by the country's largest Islamic opposition party. It is believed the group has killed tens of thousands of Algerians and scores of foreigners.
It has not conducted an attack since August 2001.
A possible offshoot, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, appears to have picked up the banner and has picked up attacks in the region since 2003.3

Sources and Notes

1U.S. government shorthand.
2French government shorthand.
3U.S. State Department. 'Country Reports on Terrorism' 2005.

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