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Ali Hassan Mwinyi

Ali Hassan Mwinyi, fondly referred to as Mzee Ruksa, was elected President of the United Republic of Tanzania in 1985 and was reelected in 1990.

Ali Hassan Mwinyi was born on May 8, 1925, in Kivure, Tanganyika and raised in Zanzibar (which joined with Tanganyika in 1964 to form present day Tanzania). He is a trained to be a teacher and a Muslim by religion.

In 1970, Mwinyi was appointed Minister of State in the Presidents Office Between 1970 and 1972, he was appointed Minister for Health in the Union Government. From 1972 to 1975, he was Minister for Home Affairs.

In 1975 he was appointed Ambassador to Egypt where he served for two years. From 1977 to 1981, Mwinyi was Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism in the Union Government From 1982 to 1983, he was Minister of State in the Vice-Presidents Office.

In 1983, he was Interim President of Zanzibar and Interim Chairman of the Revolutionary Council. In 1984, he was elected President of Zanzibar, Chairman of the Zanzibar Revolutionary Council and appointed Vice-President of the Union Government.

Mwinyi led Tanzania at a period when the country was undergoing tremendous transformation economically, socially and politically. It was during his first term that Tanzania embarked, with speed, on economic reforms. It was during his second term that Tanzania adopted multipartysm. It was in the same term that Tanzania saw a proliferation of diverse media institutions. Mwinyi is credited and remembered for his liberalism.

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