Kontraobavesajna Sluzba [KOS]
After the end of World War II the Counterintelligence Service [Kontraobavesajna Sluzba - KOS] organized complicated networks of intelligence officers and liquidators, whose assignment was to uncover and eliminate prominent members of emigre groups and organizations. KOS, which was glorified during the war, experienced no radical changes since 1945 and remained one of the most conservative services in the world. Up to the war in former Yugoslavia, the processing and countering of foreign intelligence services was the domain of former Federal Yugoslavia services, including the military intelligence and counterintelligence service, KOS.
In the fall of 1991, KOS chief Aco Vasiljevic agreed to accept in Bosnia teams of federal security officers who would perform a formal-instructional and control function at centers of security in Bosnia, while the real intention was that they engage in espionage and subversive activities. These federal (essentially Serbian) cadre were not welcome in Bosnia, except at the Banja Luka CSB [Security Service Center]. There were similar attempts by Vasiljevic to install certain KOS agents, such as Fikret Muslimovic, in the Bosnia-Herzegovina SDB leadership in early 1992. Here too Vasiljevic was unsuccessful.
In the early 1990s, a major conflict emerged between the SDB and military services, with the goal of marginalizing the intelligence service of the Army of Yugoslavia, particularly the Counterintelligence Service. As early as 1992 and 1993, there was an attempt to organize a staged trial of General Aleksandar Vasiljevic, and a group of his closest assistants. That task was given a man with Milosevic's trust, retired Lieutenant Colonel Nedeljko Boskovic, who was reactivated in 1991 in the rank of colonel. The process failed when the president of the Higher Military Court in Belgrade at that time rejected the accusations as unfounded. But Vasiljevic was removed by the decision of the head of general staff Zivota Panic, and a much less capable officer, Boskovic, was appointed to his post.
In the second half of 1993, Boskovic was replaced by the much more capable Colonel-General Aleksandar Dimitrijevic, known as a close Milosevic collaborator. Milosevic needed Dimitrijevic, to clean up the intentionally created chaos in the KOS and put the agency in the service of the forces on the front at a time when the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina was raging. He advanced rapidly -- in only three years he acquired three general ranks. As a colonel-general he held a a rather high rank for the post, since previously the post was mainly held by major-generals, like Vasiljevic and Boskovic, who had previously been Dimitrijevic's superiors.
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