"Vympel" GosMKB History
During the years of severe trials during the Great Patriotic War, Plant No. 134 produced prototypes of aircraft of designer P.O.Sukhoi. November 18, 1949 is the date of establishment of the enterprise “Plant No. 134” as a pilot plant for aircraft armament. The company was established for the design and manufacture of prototypes of gun and bomber aircraft. Workers at the design bureau and the production hard endured trials during the Great Patriotic War and hardship during the work evacuation. Inspired by the victory of the Soviet people over fascism, they enthusiastically took up the development of a new type of activities. They began rapid technical armament production, construction of new workshops, buildings and structures, construction of housing and social facilities, urgent measures were taken to train staff to ensure the development of and the manufacture of complex Aviation Weapons.
From the beginning of its foundation in 1949 to 1961, Ivan Ivanovich TOROPOV (1907-1977), the first head of the company, headed the design office. As Chief Designer, he managed the enterprise from 1949 to 1961. From 1961 to 1977 he was at the teaching work in the MAI, Professor. For outstanding achievements in the development of aviation weapons and rocket technology, he was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of the Red Star and many medals. Winner of the State (Stalin) Prize of the USSR, awarded in 1950 for the development of a weapon system for a Tu-4 bomber along with other specialists.
Already in 1950 work put into serial production systems for the Tu-4, and then the Tu-16 and Tu-95. Teams of constructors of these system were awarded the State premiums and government awards. Work began in the field of rocket subjects: 3M9 for the KUB, K-7 and R-3C SAM systems.
The year 1953 saw development of standard PBB units (drive of the bomb holder), MVN (explosion-non-explosion mechanism), BC (blocking box) of bombing armament of the intra-body bomb suspension was completed. 1955 - The development of bomber armament complexes for Tu-16 and Tu-95 aircraft was completed. Experimental research and experimental work began on the development of K-7, K-13 (R-3C) air-to-air missiles.
1958 - The design bureau began the development of the Russian ZM9 anti-aircraft homing missile for the military unit Kub. For the rocket for the first time in the world, a new type of engine was created at Vympel - a combined rocket-ramjet engine (KRPD) using solid fuel. On March 15, 1959, the First Secretary of the Central Committee visited the plant. Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers N.S. Khrushchev got acquainted with the production of the enterprise and the prospects development of missiles.
During 1958–83. a total of 7 rocket modifications were created for the Kub and Buk-1 complexes. 1960 - The short-range R-ES air-to-air missile with a thermal homing head was launched into serial production. This rocket and its subsequent modifications (R-3R with semi-active radar GOS, R-13M, R-13M1) were in service with the MiG-21, MiG-23 and other air defense fighters for a long time.
In 1961, I.I. Toropov switched to teaching work at MAI. Ivan Ivanovich Toropov was an aviation weapons designer. In the 1930s he worked at TsAGI. In 1943-1949 was the head of KB plant #43. From 1949 he headed the Experimental Armament Plant (“Plant No. 134” - the pilot plant for aircraft armament, later the ICB Vympel). The company was established for the design and manufacture of prototypes of gun-gun and bomber aircraft. From the beginning of its foundation in 1949 to 1961, the design bureau was headed by Ivan Ivanovich Toropov (1907-1977), the first head of the enterprise.
As Chief Designer, he managed the enterprise from 1949 to 1961. Under his leadership, developed a system of integrated fire protection "PV-20", "PV-23", missiles "K-7", "K-13" ("P-3C"), "K-25", "R-13 "," P-23 "," P-24 ".
From 1961 to 1977 he worked at the teaching work in the MAI, Professor. For outstanding achievements in the development of aviation weapons and rocket technology, he was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, Order of the Red Star and many medals. Winner of the Stalin Prize, awarded in 1950 for the development of a weapon system for the Tu-4 bomber along with other specialists.
From 1961 to 1981 - the design bureau was headed by chief designer Andrei Leonidovich Lyapin (1912–1983), during which the development of air-to-air missiles R-ZR, R-23R, R-23T, R-24 was continued R-24T, R-73, R-27R, R-27T, R-33 and others. At the same time, the development of the ZM9 surface-to-air missile (Cube complex) was completed. 1963 - The development of the BV-PLO complex for the Be-12 aircraft was completed. 1965 - Testing of SPV-90A-037 on a Tu-95 aircraft was completed. The development of the R-3R rocket, the BV-PLO complex for the Ka-25 helicopter and the BV-PLO complex for the Il-38 helicopter has been completed.
1967 - Plant No. 134 was renamed to Vympel Machine-Building Plant (Vympel MH). The development of the BV-PLO complex for the Tu-142 aircraft has been completed. November 7, 1967 - The 3M9 missile was first demonstrated at a military parade on Red Square. 1968 - Development of the R-33 missile for the MiG-31 fighter-interceptor began. 1970 - The development of the first specialized melee missile R-60 began. The development of the second generation BV complex for the Su-24 (M) aircraft has been completed. 1973 - The air-to-air missile R-60, the air-to-air missile of medium range R-23 with two interchangeable homing systems - semi-active radar and heat for MiG-23 airplanes were put into service.
October 11, 1974, for the successful implementation of government tasks to create new types of aircraft weapons and missile technology in connection with the 25th anniversary of education, the company was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. Chief Designer A.L. Lyapin was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, a large group of employees of the company was awarded government awards. 1978 - A complex of bomber weapons was developed for a supersonic MiG-25RB fighter-bomber. Adopted on missile R-24. 1980 - The long-range air-to-air missile R-33 was put into service with a semi-active radar seeker for MiG-31 interceptor fighters. The Kh-29 air-to-surface missile has been put into service for arming fighter-bomber and attack aircraft (MiG-27, Su-17, Su-25, etc.). The rocket has two modifications: the X-29L with a semi-active laser seeker and the X-29T with a passive television seeker.
From July 27, 1981 to December 14, 2004 Gennady Aleksandrovich SOKOLOVSKY headed the design bureau. Born on August 10, 1934. Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academician of the International and Russian Engineering Academies, Academician of the Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences, Academician of the International Academy of Informatization, Member of the Presidium of the Scientific Council under the Security Council of the Russian Federation. Professor Emeritus of Beijing and Shanghai Aviation Institutes, Xi'an Polytechnic Institute and the Luoyang Center for Optical Electronic Technology. Winner of the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1998), Prize of the USSR Council of Ministers (1990). Honored Machine Builder of the Russian Federation. Honorary aircraft manufacturer. Since 2006 - Chief Scientific Advisor to the General Director.
In 1981, Gennady Sokolovsky, who after years of work in the enterprise, was transferred from the MAP. Using experience in the ministry, Gennady Alexandrovich made a bold reorganization of the KB, creating instead sets of separate department offices. This was a progressive solution allowed more effectively solving complex tasks for the development of new machines.
In 1981 the group of NPO “Molniya” specialists is transferred to the enterprise with the transfer of topics on the R-73 and X-29 missiles. 1983 - The R-73 air-to-air missile of short range and close maneuver combat was put into service. 1986 - The complex of bomber and mine trawling armament (BV and MTV) was developed for the Albatross amphibious aircraft. 1988 - Adopted device for setting passive interference HC-26.
1989 - The Vympel Ministry of Health was renamed into the Vympel Machine-Building Design Bureau (ICD). For the first time, the R-27, R-73, R-23, R-24, and X-29 missiles were openly demonstrated at the Khodynka-89 exhibition. 1990 - Completed state tests of the device for the production of passive jamming HC-3A on the MiG-31.
In the early 1990s, the company was in a difficult economic situation due to conversion and transition to market relations. The chief designer decided on the reorganization and proceeded to release consumer goods, while not slowing down the pace of work on the rocket theme. "Pennant" became a participant in aerospace showrooms with a demonstration of main products. During this period is taken on weapons missile RVV-AE, begins the supply of weapons for export, which allowed the company to get out of difficult financial and economic position and keep the backbone professional workers.
In 1992 Vympel MKB was renamed into the Vympel State Machine-Building Design Bureau (GosMKB Vympel). The company participates for the first time in the International Aerospace Salon "Mosaeroshow-1992", and for the first time demonstrates its products abroad at the International Aerospace Salon "Farnborough-1992".
In 1994 the fourth-generation PBB-AE medium-range air-to-air missile was commissioned. 1997 - Adopted for use with a 3M20M3 target missile. July 27, 1999 - Resolution of the Government of Moscow No. 686 of the GosMKB Vympel in connection with the 50th anniversary of its creation was named after I.Toropov, the first chief designer of the enterprise. November 18, 1999 - 50 years since the formation of the Vympel GosMKB.
2001 - A new direction in the work of the enterprise is the development of missiles for the integration of missiles on foreign-made aircraft. The integration of the R-73E rocket into the aircraft of the South African Air Force "Mirage F1" was shown at the Moscow Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2001.
In August 2001 - President of the Russian Federation V.V.Putin and Moscow Mayor Yu.M. Luzhkov visited the exposition of the enterprise at the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2001. In August 2003 - President of the Russian Federation V.V.Putin visited the exposition of the enterprise at the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2003. In December 2004, Boris Korneevich BURAK was appointed Acting General Director of the enterprise.
In 2005, the company became part of the OJSC Tactical Missiles Corporation. June 22, 2005 - The Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The State Machine-Building Design Bureau" VIMPEL "named after I.Toropov was reorganized into the open joint-stock company" The State Machine Building Bureau "VIMPEL" named after I.I. Toropova. July 14, 2005 - Director General of the JSC “GKB VIMPEL” JSC. I.I.Toropova ”appointed RAC Victor Antonovich. He was born on July 23, 1960. Candidate of Technical Sciences. Previously, he led the CJSC Polishelk, CJSC High Optical Technologies, and PLC Duks.
In August 2007 - President of the Russian Federation V.V.Putin visited the exposition of the enterprise at the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2007.
Since December 18, 2012 Nikolay Anatolyevich Gusev has been appointed the general director of the company. October 26, 2015 - Open Joint-Stock Company “VIMPEL” State Engineering Bureau named after I.I. Toropova ”(abbreviated as OJSC“ GosMKB “Vympel” named after I.I. Toropov ”) was renamed into Joint-stock company“ State machine-building bureau “VIMPEL” named after I.I. Toropova "(abbreviated to JSC" GosMKB "Vympel" them. II Toropov ").
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