Votkinsky Zavod Association
The Votkinsky Zavod Association is one of the oldest plants in the Urals and boasts the richest history. It was established in 1759 by a decree of the Empress Elizabeth and commenced its activity with the re-treatment of cast iron into steel and roofing plates and manufacture of sea anchors weighing from 3 to 336 poods (one pood is equal to 16.38 kg). From the second half of the 19th century the plant began to produce sophisticated engineering output, including first Russian-made steamships with metallic hulls, sea schooners and barges. Then railway engines and farm implements were put into production. In the 1880s the plant began production of assembled steel sections for railway bridges across the Kama, Irtysh, Ob, Zeya, Amur, Moskva and Vistula Rivers. In 1850 the plant's masters produced and assembled the spire for SS Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg. The items produced at the Votkinsky plant won 22 gold, silver and bronze medals at international and Russian exhibitions. Since the 1930s the plant has produced drags, dredging shovels, railway cranes and the first Soviet-made excavators. During World War II the plant delivered to the war front over 52,000 famous anti-tank guns, designated ZIS-2 and ZIS-3.
After the war, the plant began production of missiles instead of artillery pieces. Initially the plant produced theater missiles, including so-called Skud missiles that were delivered to Warsaw Pact and Middle East countries.
Then the plant produced strategic missiles. The worldwide-known and advanced medium and shorter range missiles, designated the SS-20 and SS-23 and produced at the Votkinsky plant, were eliminated in compliance with the INF Treaty signed between the USSR and the USA.
Currently the Association produces Topol missiles the main asset of the Strategic Missiles Forces. Using dual technologies, the plant produces Start boosters, based on deactivated Topol missiles, to launch commercial satellites for Russia and other countries as well. The plant also manufactures the Medvedka missile system, intended to deliver torpedoes to a target area. Missile production was dramatically reduced due to considerable cuts in defense orders. Under the conversion programs the idle production facilities are used to multiply civil-oriented output, mainly at the expense of new sophisticated items.
The modern technological base of the Votkinsky Zavod Association that comprises powerful blank, machine and assembly shops, tool plants and test laboratories, became the starting point to prepare and organize series production of a wide range of new items of various purposes within the shortest periods.
Currently the Association outlines three priorities in the implementation of its conversion program: production equipment for the fuel and energy complex, manufacture of refrigeration equipment, and machine building.
The equipment for oil and gas production enterprises plays a key role in the civilian production. The production of oil equipment was initiated through fruitful cooperation with the Udmurtneft JSC that gave us documentation and credits to manufacture new products. The Association made this activity a priority.
Today the enterprise produces over 70 items of equipment intended for the fuel and energy complex. Oilmen of the Udmurt Republic and Siberia receive deep-well rotary pumps, designated ETsNM-5-50-1300 and ETsNM-5-50-1700, for oil production (with a 50 m3 per day flow rate and 1,300 and 1,700 m heads). For the first time in Russia TsNS-63-1400 high pressure rotary pumps (with a 63 m3 per hour rate of flow and a 1,400 m head) were put into production to maintain formation pressure and increase oil production. In 1997 new modifications of these pumps, with 1,800 and 1,000 m heads and a 80 m3 per hour flow rate, are planned for production. The association manufactures APK and KMU wrenches, with electric and hydraulic power drives to repair oil/gas wells. Currently work is near completion on the new the KPG-12 suspension wrench with adjustable increased torque. Over the past two years our enterprise put into production and began deliveries of six types of series-produced elevators with a load capabilities ranging from 5 to 35 tons, including three types of swivels to handle drilling mud to repair wells and three types of packers to protect operational pillars from the effects of pumping liquid.
To increase oil production in formations with viscous oil, the enterprise received an order from the Udmurtneft JSC to produce steam fittings to pump steam into wells. The Association also produces a wide range of gate valves with clear openings of 15, 20, 25, 32, 50 and 65 mm, with threaded and flanged joint elements. More that 25,000 such gate valves were produced in 1996.
In 1996 the Association began to produce equipment for Gazprom. In a short time our enterprise organized production of two modified RDU-8 gas pressure regulators intended for gas compressor and gas distribution stations, modular pressure reducers and containers of 3 m3 capacity to transport Odorant. In 1997 the enterprise put into production isothermic block-containers intended to house equipment for control mechanisms of gas compressor stations that previously were purchased abroad.
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