Tu-324 / Tu-414
As the design Tu-324, CCAMLR set themselves the task to create a highly profitable aircraft for regional lines, corresponding to modern comfort, can replace the AN-24 and Yak-40. On 2 February 1996 Ordinance came Pravitelsva Russia, giving up work on the aircraft. In that year, was developed the technical proposal. In 1997, began designing draft. By July 1998, was built model of aircraft. Breadboard Commission made a positive decision on the aircraft with a minimum of comment. The speed and quality of design and reduce the time the transfer of production has contributed to widely used CAD to CCAMLR. In design the salon participated Italian firm "Testori." The preparation of serial production at the CAPO SP Gorbunov. To reduce the time the first development of a prototype is built immediately to the serial factory.
"TUPOLEV" PSC is working on the development of TU-324 / TU-414 new generation regional aircraft. These aircraft have been designed with the use of CALS technologies. New approach to the aircraft design allowed to create a well-balanced layouts of passenger and cargo compartments, ergonomic cockpit, minimise ground maintenance time and costs, extend assigned service life and provide operation without overhauls. New technologies are also used in many onboard systems of TU-324 and TU-414 aircraft which significantly increases safety and comfort level of these aircraft. The aircraft aerodynamic configuration with the engines installed in the tail part allows protecting engines from the foreign matter ingestion at takeoff and landing. These aircraft can be operated on short runways of regional airfields. TU-324 and TU-414 aircraft operating performance makes them highly profitable for the operators.
TU-324 and TU-414 airplanes are baseline models of the family. The regional airplane family is intended for both domestic and international market. Passenger, executive, cargo-passenger and cargo versions are provided.
The airplane are designed to AP-25 Standards in view of future international requirements (FAR/JAR using CALS- technology) in a single medium of full electronic description of the product in the process of designing, production, servicing in operation, training of flight and maintenance personnel. The Procedure of single software and advanced design and production equipment was applied at TUPOLEV DB and on serial production plant (KAPO n. a. Gorbunov) and a number of co-executives.
During the process of designing baseline airplanes of said family typical approaches are realized to piloting and cutting down of flight crew workloads. The cockpit created by TUPOLEV in cooperation with industrial institutes was approved by State Mock-up Committee. Special attention was paid to reliability and failure safety of power plant, aircraft systems and avionics. Airborne flight and navigation complex provides a complete computerized of air navigation under any physical and geographical conditions at any time of day and night on domestic and international routes and out of routes at provision of automatic approach according to ICAO Category II with reaching Category IIIA. Wide application of digital computerized systems allows to operate the airplanes by two-members crew.
The most obvious advantages of TU-414 aircraft family Program is increased safety and maintainability which were laid down into the airplane concept. Comfortably arranged engines, low landing gear with low tire pressure are fully adjusted to operation from "B" class airfields in CIS and Asia- pacific region. Arrangement of the engines on tail pylons excludes possibility of getting foreign objects from RWY into the engines.
The aircraft family is intended for field length up to 1800 m and is positively characterized by adaptability to native airfields by specific pressure and independence (stair/door, APU) which will cut down airlines costs. To cut down the airlines expenses and to provide high maintainability level TUPOLEV and its co-developers are busy with ensuring service life of 6000 F.H. (25 years) with OC maintenance without overhauls.
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