Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


T-80 Tank

Specifications
Designations T-80U SMT (Soviet Medium Tank) M1989
Date of Introduction 1987
Current Using Countries China Cyprus Pakistan Russia South Korea Ukraine
Description  
Crew 3
Combat Weight (mt) 46.0
Chassis Length Overall (m) 7.01
Height Overall (m) 2.20
Width Overall (m) 3.60
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.92
Automotive Performance  
Engine Type 1250-hp Gas turbine (multi-fuel), diesel on T-80UD
Cruising Range (km) 335 km/600 km with extra tanks
Speed (km/h)  
Max Road 70
Max Off-Road 48
Average Cross-Country 40
Max Swim N/A
Fording Depths (m) 1.8 Unprepared, 5.0 w/snorkel, 12.0 with BROD-M system
Radio R-173, R-174 intercom
Protection  
Armor, Turret Front (mm) Against 120-mm ammunition
Applique Armor (mm) Side of hull , over track skirt
Explosive Reactive Armor (mm) Kontakt-5 2nd Generation ERA
Active Protective System ARENA is available
Mineclearing Equipment Roller-plow set and plows available
Self-Entrenching Blade Yes
NBC Protection System Yes
Smoke Equipment Smoke grenade launchers (4x 81-mm each side of turret), and 24 grenades. Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system.
ARMAMENT  
Main Armaments  
Caliber, Type, Name 125-mm smoothbore gun 2A46M-1
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 7-8 (lower in manual mode)
Loader Type KORZINA separate-loading autoloader, and manual
Ready/Stowed Rounds 28 in carousel/17 stowed (manual loaded)
Elevation () -4 to +18
Fire on Move Yes (gun rounds and ATGMs)
Auxiliary Weapon  
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) Machinegun PKT
Mount Type Turret coaxial
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 800
Night 800
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical / 650 cyclic, 2-10 round bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 12.7-mm (12.7x108) AA MG NSVT
Mount Type Turret top
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 1,500
Night 800-1,300
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 210 practical/ 800 air targets in bursts
ATGM Launcher  
Name 2A46M-1 tank gun
Launch Method Gun-launched
Guidance SACLOS, Laser-beam rider
Command Link Encoded infrared laser-beam
Launcher Dismountable No
FIRE CONTROL  
FCS Name FCS 1A42
Main Gun Stabilization 2342, 2-plane
Rangefinder Laser
Infrared Searchlight Yes
Sights w/Magnification  
Gunner  
Day 1G46/PERFECT, 3.6/12x
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) 5,000 (70%P-hit for ATGM)
Night AGAVA-2
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) 2,600 (gun rounds only)
Commander Fire Main Gun Yes
MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION  
Caliber, Type, Name  
125-mm APFSDS-T, BM-42M  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 3,000-4,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 2,000-3,000
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) 590-630 at 2,000 meters
125-mm HE-Shapnel Focused-fragmentation, Ainet  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 5,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day 4,000
Night 800-1,300
Tactical AA Range 4,000-5,000
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
125-mm Frag-HE-T, OF-26  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 5,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day INA
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
125-mm HEAT-MP, BK-29M  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day INA
Night 800-1300
Armor Penetration (mm) 650-750
125-mm HEAT, BK-27  
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,000
Max Effective Range (m)  
Day INA
Night 800-1,300
Armor Penetration (mm) 700-800
Other Ammunition Types Giat 125G1 APFSDS-T, Russian BM-42 and BM-32 APFSDS-T. The Russians may have a version of the BM-42M with a DU penetrator.
Antitank Guided Missiles  
Name AT-11/SVIR
Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 700 (RHA) behind ERA/800 conventional
Range (m) 5,000
Name AT-11B/INVAR
Warhead Type Tandem shaped charge
Armor Penetration (mm) 800 (RHA) behind ERA /870 conventional
Range (m) 5,000



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list