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SS-21 SCARAB (9K79 Tochka)

USA Code NameSS-21
Nato Code Name: Scarab
Russian Designation:9K79
Scarab A development 1968 until 1974
Scarab A entered service1975
Scarab B development 1984 and 1988
Scarab B entered service1989
Notes:Replacement for FROG -7 System. Very Mobile
minimum 15 km
maximum 120 km
Accuracy high
Launching weight 2010 kg
Launch time of the 1st missile
- from highest readiness 2 min
- from the march 16 min
Launcher weight (with a missile and crew) 18145 kg
Maximum launcher speed
- on highway 60 km/h
- afloat 8 km/h
Cruising range (full load) 650 km
Operating life of fighting vehicles 15000 km
Crew 3 men
Temperature range from minus 40C to + 50C
Service life minimum 10 years incl. 3 years in field conditions
Warhead weight: 482 kg
types all are nuclear, by some reports
  • 9H39 - a special nuclear warhead consisting of a 9M79B (9M79-1B) missile , an AA-60 nuclear charge, with a capacity from 10 to 100 kt ;
  • 9H64 - a special nuclear warhead consisting of a 9M79B1 rocket , a nuclear charge of the AA-86 type, with a capacity of up to 200 kt (according to other data, 100);
  • A special nuclear warhead consisting of a 9M79B2 rocket , a nuclear charge of the AA-92 type, with a capacity of up to 200 kt (according to other data, 100 kt);
  • 9N123F - high-explosive fragmentation warhead of concentrated action, consisting of 9M79F missiles (9M79-1F). The mass of the MS is 482 kg, the mass of the explosive TG-20 is 162.5 kg, the number of fragments is 14.5 thousand. The damage area is 2-3 hectares. When approaching the target, the rocket completes a turn (at the pitch angle ) in order to provide a charge meeting angle with a target close to 90 for the most efficient use of the warhead's blast energy. For the same, the axis of the charge of the high-explosive fragmentation warhead 9N123F is deployed relative to the longitudinal axis of the rocket at a certain angle. Air blasting of the 9H123F warhead is carried out at a height of 20 meters above the surface to achieve the maximum damage area
  • 9N123K - cassette warhead consisting of 9M79K (9M79-1K) missiles , containing 50 fragmentation combat elements 9H24 (weighing 7.45 kg each, explosives of type A-IX-20 - 1.45 kg, 316 fragments). The mass of the warhead is 482 kg, the number of fragments is 15.8 thousand. The central charge is undermined and the warhead is opened is initiated by a 9E326 type radio sensor at an altitude of 2250 m. The affected area is 3.5-7 ha. Such a warhead is designed to defeat manpower and unarmored vehicles located in open areas;
  • 9N123F-R (9N123F-R2, 9N123F-R3) - high-explosive fragmentation warhead with a passive radar HH 9H215 as part of 9M79R anti-radar missiles (9M79FR, 9M79-1FR), with 9M79M or 9M79-1 RF missile in preparation for launch, 9 radiation target, lesion area up to 2 ha. Start of development - 1971;
  • 9N123G is a special chemical cassette warhead containing 65 sub-elements equipped with 930 grams of substance R-33 each. Only 60.5 kg of a poisonous substance;
  • 9N123G2-1 - special chemical cassette MS, contained sub-elements 65, curb substance " Soman " (P-55). Only 50.5 kg of a poisonous substance.

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