MLTK-50 Mobile Laser Technological Complex
The Defense Ministry will soon receive a mobile laser complex (MLK), which dazzles the optics of aircraft, helicopters, homing missiles and bombs at the distance of several tens of kilometers, as well as optoelectronic systems of tanks and sights of PTRK, Izvestia reported 09 February 2017. The MLK, developed by the scientific and production association "Astrophysics" (part of the holding "Schwabe") is small in size and therefore easily mounted on combat vehicles and armored vehicles.
As Izvestia was told by several well-informed sources in the military-industrial complex, MLK was already undergoing trials. The principle of operation of a mobile laser complex is quite simple. It directs a beam of a multichannel laser to the detected optical system and dazzles it. The product has several laser emitters combined in one unit. Therefore, MLK can simultaneously suppress a large number of targets or concentrate all the laser beams on one object.
"Currently, the complex is located in a high degree of readiness" told "Izvestiya" one of the interlocutors edition. "True, I can not say the exact dates for completing the work and the characteristics of the machine. MLK is the development of 1K11 Stilett and 1K17 Compression systems. The latter was developed and adopted in service in the early 1990s. But because of the high cost, the "Compression" system did not become a mass production machine."
Unlike its predecessor, MLK is a more compact product. Due to this, the complex installed on the tank chassis, BMP or BTR, is highly mobile. Therefore, acting in the combat order of motorized rifle or tank units, the mobile laser complex will be able to continuously protect the equipment from enemy aircraft and precision weapons.
In the early nineties Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (SSC RF TRINITI) began scientific work, the purpose of which was to create a promising laser-based technological complex. It was assumed that the mobile laser technology complex (MLTK) can be quickly delivered to the right place, deployed and ready for operation, after which it will be able to cut various objects and structures. Such a system, according to the idea of the authors of the project, could be used to solve a wide range of tasks that arise before different enterprises.
By the end of the nineties, the State Research Center of the Russian Federation TRINITI completed work on the first two projects. The projects MLTK-5 and MLTK-50 used some common ideas and developments, but these complexes differed in a number of parameters. Their main difference was in the type and power of the laser. The laser of the MLTK-5 complex developed power of 5 kilowatts, MLTK-50 - 50 kW. The first two mobile laser technological complexes used lasers of various systems. A less powerful complex was equipped with a continuous gas laser (working medium - a mixture of carbon dioxide, neon and helium) of a closed loop pumped by an independent discharge. The MLTK-50 complex, in turn, received a pulse-periodic electro-ionization laser, which uses a mixture of air and carbon dioxide as the working fluid.
The development of this complex is the result of joint scientific and technical activities of the SSC RF TRINITI ( department of technological lasers and laser fuzzy department ) and OAO Gazprom and was initiated by the need for remote cutting of metal structures during emergency recovery operations on gas, gas and oil condensate gushing wells. The basis of the complex is a pulse-periodic electroionization CO 2 laser, which has a radiation power of 50 kW and operates on atmospheric air with the addition of 5% carbon dioxide.
The laser beam is discharged into the atmosphere through a special gas-dynamic shutter and directed to the object by the mirrors of the target telescope. The angular divergence of the radiation at the output of the complex is less than 0.2 milliradians, the dynamic error of the beam guidance is about 0.05 milliradians. Beam focusing is adjustable from 20 to 80 meters. Laser and telescope guidance with control cab are located on the first semitrailer. The laser can work for 4-10 minutes with an interval between starts about 20 minutes. Bleeding up to 8 kg / s of gas mixture at a speed of about 50 m / s through the working chamber is carried out by the system based on the serial aircraft engine.
The pumping system and a part of the auxiliary laser systems are placed on the second semitrailer. The total weight of the equipment of the complex does not exceed 50 tons. The transport base of the mobile ballast complex is two serial automotive semitrailers. The equipment layout allows container transportation by rail. The cooling system of the equipment is water-independent. For the operation of the installation, a power supply of 750 kW is required. The complex is managed by three operators.
Carlo Kopp noted in 2008 that "The status of High Energy Laser weapons is less clear at this time. Almaz-Antey developed the Soviet 100 kiloWatt plus class carbon dioxide chemical lasers, and built a system comparable to the US THEL/MTHEL, but highly mobile on an 8 x 8 MAZ-7910 chassis.... Little has been disclosed by Almaz-Antey on the detail of this program. It clearly intended to build up expertise and experience across the whole spectrum of necessary capabilities, in this instance beam director optics, adaptive optics, tracking capabilities, and high continuous wave power level laser designs.
"The laser depicted is a CO2 Gas Dynamic Laser (GDL), the same technology used by the US Air Force during the 1990s Airborne Laser Laboratory (ALL) program. It operates in the LWIR band at 10.6 microns, and is operationally attractive due to its simple fuel supply in comparison with Deuterium Fluoride (DF) and Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL). What is less attractive about CO2 GDLs is that tropospheric CO2 molecules increase propagation losses, and aluminium, the primary structural material in many potential targets, has a very high reflectance in this band, thus reducing power coupling efficiency into the target, and increasing dwell time."
A laser radiation generator is located on one platform, which includes the Optical resonator unit and the Gas discharge chamber. Here the system of formation and guidance of a beam is established. The control cabin is located nearby, from where the program or manual guidance and focusing is carried out. On another platform there are elements of Grad tract: Aviation turbojet engine P 29-300,
Developed its flight resource, but still able to serve as a source of energy, ejectors, the device of exhaust and noise, a container for liquefied carbonic acid, fuel tank with aviation kerosene, etc.
Thus, the tractors can deliver the complex almost everywhere, where it is able to pass vehicles. On arrival it is enough 2-3 hours to bring the system into working condition. The complex is served by only three specialists. As the tests have shown, MLTK-50 can be very useful in eliminating fires on gas wells, recycling of old ships and submarines (the beam cuts the ship's steel in the thickness up to 120 mm from a distance in 30 m), a carving of a rock massif in quarries, at decontamination of a surface of concrete on NPP by the method of peeling of a surface layer , removal of the film of oil spilled on the surface of the water area, etc.
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