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Komsomol'sk-na-Amure
Komsomolsk-na-Amur
5033'20"N 13700'00"E

Komsomolsk is a Soviet-era planned city with wide tree-lined boulevards, set against the broad Amur River. It is set in the middle of vast, hilly forestland, and is miles away from any settlements but small villages. Komsomolsk-on-Amur was founded in 1932 as an industrial base for the Soviet defense industry. Its largest plants produced aircraft and ocean-going vessels. With its population of 294,500 people, it is the third largest city in the Russian Far East (RFE) after Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. The city economy is based on manufacturing, which accounts for 74 percent of the total output and 38 percent of employment.

A tough 5-hour drive from Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur is one of the most inaccessible, least visited major cities in the Russian Far East. The Federal "Conversion" Program approved in 1995 proposed to provide defense plants with funds to arrange production and marketing of consumer goods. The Program received only 15 percent of its proposed financing, and was abandoned. Though the city is in a profound economic slump, its aging defense and machine-building factories are beginning to attract contracts to support the immense off-shore oil and gas projects on nearby Sakhalin island.

Amur Shipbuilding Plant
Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola
Shipyard No. 199

    1, Aileya Truda Str, 
    Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia 
    Teletype- 295155 "Utyos" 
    Fax   (42172)4-38-58 
    Phone (42172)4-50-22 
    

The Amur shipbuilding plant, founded in 1932, built 270 vessels for the Soviet Union's Pacific fleet, specialising in nuclear and diesel submarines. The Pacific Fleet Yankee II (Nalin variant) submarines were built in Komsomolsk-na-Amur. The yard also built a variety of conventional submarines as well as the Project 659 Echo-I and Project 675 Echo-II class nuclear powered cruise missile submarines, and the Victor-III and Project 971 Akula nuclear attack submarines. During the Soviet era the Amur Shipbuilding Yard facility was known as the Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola and Shipyard No. 199.

The Russian government cancelled all orders for nuclear submarines in 1992, and refused to pay for those that had just been delivered. Most of the first eight Akula class submarines were built in Komsomol'sk until activities there ceased in 1993. The remaining submarines have been built or are under construction at the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk. Once the pride of Russia's far eastern military-industrial complex, the Amur Shipbuilding Plant employed 20,000 workers a the end of the Cold War. By the mid-1990s the workforce had shrunk to 10,000, and the company was heavily in debt.

The Russian Navy planned to commission two multipurpose submarines in 1999. As of August 1998 one of the subs at Komsomolsk-on-Amur was 82% complete, while the other sub in shipyards in Severodvinsk was at about the same stage of readiness. The Yard is cooperating with "Rossvooruzhenie" to find orders for construction of the "Kilo" class (877 EKM type) submarines. The yard produces a multi-purpose, 5,500-ton river-sea type freighter "Volga", a seagoing salvage tug, 135-ton displacement fishing boats, and hang-gliders.

Apparently two additional Akula-Is remained undelivered at Komsomol'sk-na-Amur. Funds were provided in January 2000 for further work on the 82%-85%-finished Modified Akula-I-class Nerpa, laid down in 1986. The 25%-50%-complete Kaban, begun in 1992, may also eventually be completed. As of October 2000 the Amur shipyard had been trying to complete one multi-purpose Bars-class submarine for more than five years. Though construction of the submarine was 85 percent complete, Russia doesn't have the money to complete the job. The shipyard plant received 5 million rubles ($182,000) from the Defense Ministry in 2000. But to keep the construction hangar at the right temperature, the shipyard spends 70 million rubles a year. Maintaining the hangar temperature is essential, since in 1997 the submarine's reactor was started, and a stable temperature is required in the hangar to avoid accidents. It would cost more to dismantle the submarine and treat the radioactive reactor than to complete construction. Meanwhile, another submarine remained only half built at the shipyard.

In 1996, the enterprise began work with McDermott Shipbuilding, Inc. for construction of a floating liquid RAD wastes processing facility. The plant was the first Khabarovsk enterprise to participate the Sakhalin-2 offshore oil and gas project. It was subcontracted to build a spacer for Moliqkpaq drilling station. The company has plans to expand its participation in Sakhalin projects, as well as develop production of construction materials, furniture, and other consumer goods.

In January 1996, the Babcock & Wilcox Nuclear Environmental Services, an operating unit of McDermott International, Inc. and Tomen Corp., a major Japanese trading company, were awarded a nearly $25 million ten-month contract to construct a liquid radioactive waste treatment plant in the Russian Far East. The barge-mounted facility, 65 by 23.5 meters (213 by 77 feet) long with a draft of 6.6 meters (22 feet), was designed in Russia and fabricated at the Amur shipyard in Komsomolsk-na-Amur, Russia, which formerly built nuclear submarines. On-site management was provided by McAmur Construction Services, a joint venture between McDermott and JSC Amur Shipbuilding Plant. The liquid waste processing system and auxiliary systems were purchased from other U.S. firms by B&W NESI and installed at the shipyard. Much of the work was performed in cooperation with the Russian State Committee for Defense Industries and the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy.

In November 1996 Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd. awarded a $35-million contract to the Amur Shipbuilding Plant for construction of a steel base (spacer) required for the first phase of development of the Piltun-Astokhskoye (PA) oil field offshore Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East Region. The construction of the spacer unit led to the creation of approximately 1,000-1,500 jobs. A mobile drilling platform called a Molikpaq, previously deployed in Alaska, was to be moved to the deeper waters off the Sakhalin coast. The 17,000 tonne steel island known as a "spacer" -- resistant to icebergs, storms and earthquakes -- would serve as a base for the platform.

The yard also produces a multi-purpose river-sea type freighter "Volga" of 5,500 ton displacement, a seagoing salvage tug, and hang-gliders. Amursky and Mitsui (Japan) designed a USD27 million project on the reconstruction of the yard to participate as one of the local suppliers of Sakhalin oil projects.

In mid-1997 the Russian Ministry of Defense closed a training center for Russian Navy submarine crewmembers, established 17 years ago in Komsomolsk-na-Amur, Russia. The center trained Pacific Fleet personnel and with the closing, laid off 200 employees.

In September 1996 two servicemen were killed at an air defense missile complex near Komsomolsk-na-Amur when a missile warhead exploded as they were trying to take it apart to get to the precious metal components inside.

Khabarovsky Krai is the most industrialized territory of the Far East of Russia, producing 30% of the total industrial products in the Far Eastern Economic Region. The machine construction industry consists primarily of a highly developed military-industrial complex comprised of large scale aircraft and ship building enterprises.

Khabarovsky Krai is washed by the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. The marshy Middle-Amur Plain is situated on both sides of the Amur River, which is one of the longest rivers in Russia. Its total length is 4,440 km including 1,000 km within Khabarovsky Krai. The population of Khabarovsky Krai numbers about 1.6 million people. The cities of Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-na-Amur in Khabarovsky Krai rank the second and third largest cities in the Russian Far East after Vladivostok.







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