BTR Bumerang [Boomerang] APC
Boomerang is a promising unified wheeled armored military-industrial development platform. On its basis, the wheeled BMP K-17 was created, first shown to the public in 2015 at the Victory Parade, as well as the K-16 armored personnel carrier. In the basic version, the K-17 BMP is equipped with the Epoch combat module with a 30 mm automatic cannon with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and Kornet anti-tank missiles. The K-16 armored personnel carrier is equipped with a combat module with a 12.7 mm machine gun.
"Boomerang" is a new unified wheeled platform, on the basis of which the K-16 armored personnel carrier and the K-17 wheeled infantry fighting vehicle are created. Differences only in the installed combat modules. Moreover, the K-17 also has a multichannel missile anti-tank complex with four anti-tank guided missiles (missile range - at least 6.5 km - TASS note), which allows the BMP to fight with several tanks at once. The family of these machines exceeds all serial products in its class in mobility, security, firepower and command handling.
Modified after preliminary tests, the BTR and BMP "Boomerang" will receive an enlarged hull with improved buoyancy. This will increase the armor of vehicles during water operations, the press service of the Military Industrial Company (VPK), which developed the Boomerang platform, told TASS 06 April 2020. "Boomerang" had already completed preliminary tests, the results of which made some improvements. In particular, the armored hull has been expanded slightly, the displacement will increase and, accordingly, the buoyancy of a combat vehicle will increase, "the military-industrial complex said. The company added that as a result," armored vehicles capable of operating on water will be able to enhance armor protection with additional mounted elements. " In addition to increased buoyancy, the new hull will allow for more comfortable placement of troops in full gear. "This will have a positive effect on the speed of dismounting troops from the vehicle and on the reduction of its fatigue during long marches," the VPK press service noted.
In December 2019, the military-industrial complex reported that the state tests of the armored personnel carrier and BMP "Boomerang" would begin in the summer of 2020. The Military Industrial Company (VPK), together with the Russian Ministry of Defense, completed preliminary tests of prototypes of the K-16 armored personnel carrier and armored personnel carrier (BMP) K-17 on the prospective Boomerang wheeled chassis. About this TASS on 03 December 2019 said the company's CEO Alexander Krasovitsky. According to him, in accordance with the schedule for the development work (OKR) of Boomerang, the Military Industrial Company LLC, together with the Main Armored Directorate and research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, "completed preliminary tests of prototypes." Krasovitsky emphasized that the samples based on the Boomerang unified interspecific wheeled platform confirmed the specifications stated in the statement of work.
"At the production facilities of VPK LLC, the assembly of new prototypes has begun in the framework of the Boomerang development center for conducting state tests. To date, the Zavod Korpus JSC, which is part of the management perimeter of VPK LLC, has prepared preparations for the production of armored corps of a modified design ", - said the head of the company, adding that almost 800 units of new technological equipment were created. In addition, in the Nizhny Novgorod Military Engineering Center (part of the military-industrial complex LLC), a ready-made new armored hull is already located, on the basis of which a full-size mock-up of a combat vehicle for ballistic tests and mine resistance tests will be assembled.
The new Boomerang armored personnel carrier (VPK-7829) is set to replace the BTR-82/A, a heavily modernized variant of the 1980s-designed BTR-80, which features improved armor, a new engine, night vision and advanced communications systems. Vehicles of the "Boomerang" family can reach speeds of more than 100 km / h on the highway and at least 50 km / h on the roads. For comparison: the BTR-82A - 80 and 40 km / h, respectively. According to open sources, the combat weight of the machine is more than 20 tons, it is armed with a 30-mm cannon and Kornet anti-tank missiles, has a spacious compartment for infantrymen and is floating.
At the beginning of 2016, Alexander Krasovitsky, general director of the Military-Industrial Company (Voyenno-Promyshlennaya Kompaniya), which developed the new APCs, announced the start of testing of the Boomerang. Mass production of the Boomerang vehicles is scheduled to begin in 2017, and large-scale deliveries to the armed forces – in 2019. Krasovitsky said that, as is the case with the Armata and the Kurganets, the manufacturing enterprises are actively looking for foreign buyers and partners for the refinement of their products. He noted that his company is ready to supply the Boomerang for export as soon as it receives permission from the government.
Designers and military spokesmen have been tightlipped regarding the machine, although it is claimed that the new design will be "nothing like any of the modern APCs." The 8x8, front-engine design features ceramic armor technology, including anti-tank grenade and anti-mine protection, has a crew of three, and can be fitted with a 30 mm anti-materiel or armor-piercing cannon, a 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm machine gun.
In addition to its role as a troop carrier, the multi-role vehicle will be capable of serving as an anti-tank missile carrier, an air defense missile launcher, an armored ambulance, a command post vehicle, a fire-support vehicle and a mortar carrier. Speaking to Russian military news hub Zvezda, military expert Ilya Kramnik explained that "the protection levels of the Boomerang APC will be much higher [than its predecessors]. This is ensured by the special shape of the vehicle's bottom and the internal layout, in particular, the suspension of crew seating toward the vehicle's ceiling."
The modern Russian army needs a new wheeled platform for APCs and machines, which is estimated at about 10,000 units. The production of this number of vehicles over the course of 12-15 years will cost approximately the abovementioned sum. It cannot be said for sure that the Russian military leadership is ready to replace Russian-made APCs with imported ones.
Domestic development still continued. The promising Russian armored combat vehicle “Boomerang”, which was supposed to be the first in a new line of hardware, was expected in 2016. The Russian Army will take delivery of the first Boomerang armored personnel carriers in 2013, Ground Forces chief Col Gen Alexander Postnikov said on 21 February 2013. Large-scale deliveries will start in 2015, eventually replacing the BTR-82A and BTR-80 APCs currently in service, he added. Postnikov did not provide any details about the new model but, according to some media reports, it will be an amphibious vehicle. Dmitry Galkin, general director of the Voyenno-Promyshlennaya Kompaniya [Military-Industrial Company], said the new vehicle “will be nothing like any of the modern APCs.” “We call it ‘a combat wheeled vehicle’ because it will be used as a platform for an APC, infantry fighting vehicle, tank, or self-propelled gun,” he said.
Machines based on the platform will enter service in medium brigades in the Army. Armored personnel carrier on the basis of the FSM "Boomerang" are designed to transport infantry and fire support. Presumably, the "Boomerang" is an amphibian, and can independently negotiate water obstacles. The engine will be located in the front of the machine that will allow landing and landing from the stern. Presumably in an APC system "Boomerang" will be used achievements obtained during the design of the BTR-90. Details of the Russian armored vehicles were still unknown in 2012.
On the basis of the new APC, replacing the module will create a SAM launcher, reconnaissance vehicle, ambulance, car anti-tank systems, infantry fighting vehicles in the wheel version. To replace the BTR-82A, this machine will be developed on the basis of the secondary wheel base unified platform, "Boomerang." This machine is designed to transport infantry and support the fire department during the battle. Ensures the maintenance of all types of motorized infantry fighting compartment, suppression of enemy infantry, combat armored vehicles peers, defeat tanks and helicopter gunships, protect the crew and troops from small arms fire, shrapnel, autonomy of operation of the crew and troops for three days in isolation from the main forces. "Boomerang" is intended for self-overcoming water obstacles.
Prior to the supply of "Boomerang," Russian Defense Ministry plans to buy the BTR-82A and upgrade existing armored vehicles. For the first time on this project became known in late 2010. Development of a modular armored "Boomerang" on the basis of the medium wheel unified platform was commissioned by the Ministry of Defense of Russian instead of the BTR-90 in mid-2011. Rezrabotka is the Military Industrial Company together with the Arzamas Machine-Building Plant. Since 2011, the Central Research Institute "Thunderbird" developed platforms for "Boomerang" and "Armata" caliber 7.62 mm, 12, 7 mm and 30 mmremotely operated weapon systems.
According to media reports in November 2011 the new BTR project had already been approved. At the beginning of 2011 in a press release stated that the development of a prototype to be completed by 2015, but on 21 February 2012 the commander of Russian land forces said that the first samples will go to the army in 2013, and the massive supply will begin in 2015. In 2013, the Army expected the first prototypes of this technology, and hoped to begin volume shipments in 2015.
As of late 2013 no artwork was available for "Bumerang", but one potential candidate had emerged, though curiously without association with the Bumerang nomenclature. Russia’s Uralvagonzavod and France’s Renault are jointly developing a new infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) with an increased firing range of up to 16 kilometers, the Russian company said 25 September 2013. “We [Uralvagonzavod and Renault Trucks Defense] unveiled today a prototype of a future IFV,” Uralvagonzavod general director Oleg Sienko said at Russian Arms Expo-2013, which opened Wednesday in the Urals city of Nizhny Tagil.
“The French side provided us with the transmission, the engine, the concept and the fire control system,” he said. According to Sienko, the new IFV will be highly competitive on global markets because it is equipped with a powerful 57-mm gun, instead of the 30-mm variant that is standard for current IFVs. “With its maneuverability and fire power, we are certain that this product will be in high demand on the market,” Sienko said, adding that a joint Russian-French venture could be formed to set up localized production of the new IFV in Russia. Renault, France’s second-biggest carmaker, has made the Russian market one of its priorities for international development. Russia is already Renault’s fourth-largest automobile market. In 2014, the Renault-Nissan Alliance will get a majority stake in a joint venture with the Russian Technologies State Corporation, called Alliance Rostec Auto BV, which will control AvtoVAZ, leader of the Russian car market.
"Military-Industrial Company" (MIC) conducts finishing newest armored combat vehicles (AFV) "Boomerang" the general director of the MIC Alexander Krasovitsky said 15 June 2016 at the international exhibition of arms "Eurosatory 2016" (the Eurosatory 2016). "As part of the contract under the program" Boomerang "we are acting strictly within the framework of the tactical and technical specifications, as defined by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. We are today in relation to the base," Boomerang "have several prototypes that have changed shape, military unit and so on. On the Victory Parade May 9, 2016 , we presented five cars that were not significantly different from each other ", - informed Krasovitsky. He noted that the MIC is ready for serial production "Boomerang". "We have the infrastructure for it, and established a process of training specialists We plan to increase annual production by 20-25%.", - Said Krasovitsky.
Mock-ups presented at the forum "Army-2017" show a prospective version of the Epoch / Boomerang-BM combat module, which can alsoc be installed on existing infantry fighting vehicles. In this case, there is reason to believe that such a complex can be installed on other equipment. So, the combat module in the basic version was tested on armored vehicles "Kurganets-25", "Boomerang", T-15, etc. The possibility of integrating such equipment with various chassis of domestic production has been theoretically worked out.
In the course of the ongoing development, the combat module of the new model was significantly improved, with changes in both the overall architecture of the product and its equipment. So, the layout was redesigned in accordance with the need to install new instruments and more powerful weapons. The transfer of optoelectronic equipment was probably connected with the tradition of placing such equipment.
The armament complex underwent a major revision. The 30-mm cannon was replaced with a larger-caliber system, and the Kornet anti-tank missiles were supplemented with multipurpose "Bulat" products. The rifle caliber machine gun was kept, but it had to be transferred to a new installation. The proposed composition of weapons allows you to build certain assumptions regarding the purpose of the new version of the module "Epoch".
The "Cornet" rockets allow attacking enemy armored vehicles equipped with serious protection, but now such objects are not the main goal, which is why the main modifications of the armament complex are connected. The 57-mm LOS-57 automatic cannon must show good performance when firing at manpower, unprotected equipment or structures, and light armored vehicles. Simultaneously, it is unlikely to be able to deal with the powerful reserving of tanks. Similar combat capabilities may have a prospective missile system "Bulat". The purpose and potential of the PKT machine gun are obvious.
During the local conflicts of recent decades, the most active use was made of improvised military equipment built on the basis of commercial designs. Also noteworthy was the use of factory-made armored vehicles equipped with light anti-bullet and fragmentation armor. The fortifications built by the participants in the wars were not distinguished by their perfection and high protective potential. To combat these goals, a variety of weapons can be used. Thus, large-caliber small arms and artillery of small calibers have proved to be successful in solving such problems. Tank guns or missile systems can also be used in such conditions, but their characteristics are often superfluous and lead to an inexpedient rise in the cost of combat operations.
A new version of the combat module Epoch / Boomerang-BM can be considered a response to the actual challenges that characterize modern local conflicts. 57-mm automatic cannon and a new missile complex, supplemented with a machine gun, can be used against "soft" targets of one kind or another. They must combine a sufficiently high combat effectiveness with an acceptable cost of ammunition. In the event of more serious threats, the armored vehicle will have full anti-tank guided missiles with the appropriate characteristics.
By 2017 the Tula KBP demonstrated only mock-ups of advanced weapons. This suggested that the finished models of the updated combat module either did not exist or were not yet ready for public demonstration. Nevertheless, the process of creating them would be accelerated if the project attracts the attention of potential customers.
Boomerang wheeled tank
In the Soviet Union in the 1970s, attempts were made to install 85 mm anti-tank guns on the wheelbase. In particular, development work on the “Sting-S” project based on the BTR-70 armored personnel carrier was conducted at the Burevestnik Central Research Institute (the company creates various artillery and mortar weapons). This gun was the first self-propelled gun in the world, in the ammunition of which there was an armor-piercing feathered sub-caliber projectile. However, not the best results were on armor penetration, of the minuses as well - high recoil, large dimensions of the machine and instability when firing. As a result, the work was stopped. The only surviving prototype today is on display at the Central Museum of Armored Weapons and Equipment in Kubinka, Moscow Region.
The editor-in-chief of the magazine Arsenal of the Fatherland, Viktor Murakhovsky, told TASS in May 2018 that the Boomerang could get a combat module with a 125-millimeter cannon, similar to the Sprut-SDM1 self-propelled gun. “I think the weight and size parameters of this combat compartment allow it to be installed on the Boomerang, Sprut and Boomerang are approximately in the same weight category,” he noted. The expert added that "development work on the integration of this fighting unit at the Boomerang can be completed in two to three years."
The expert added that "the development work on the integration of this fighting compartment at the Boomerang can be completed in two or three years." Speaking about the classification of the car on this platform, if equipped with a 125 mm caliber gun, he noted that "the car can be called a light wheeled tank."
The specialist clarified that under the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of 1990 (Russia suspended its operation since 2007) wheeled vehicles fall under the definition of a tank if the following criteria are met: the machine’s weapon must be over 75 mm in size, the weight must exceed 16.5 tons, and the turret should rotate 360 degrees. He added that, by this definition, the Sprut-SDM with a mass of 18 tons is a light tank, the Boomerang with a new combat compartment will also fall under it, but for the Russian classification this will be unofficial.
Speaking about the advantages and disadvantages of wheeled and tracked platforms, Murakhovsky noted that wheeled platforms of such a mass have a longer overhaul life and lower operating costs, are in many ways compatible with civilian units and, as a rule, are made floating. Tracked vehicles are more expensive to operate, it has significantly less turnaround mileage, on the other hand, it has better off-road performance, is heavier in class and has better security.
Testing of two cars began in 2012 and was held in Kubinka, Moscow Region, at the test site of the Research Test Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. A 105 mm caliber gun was mounted on one of these wheeled tanks, and 120 mm on the other. In January 2013, they refused to purchase , and the contract was suspended. As Colonel-General Vladimir Chirkin noted , being then the commander-in-chief of the Ground Forces, "these combat vehicles have certain advantages, but there are many flaws: they have been over-advertised - not everyone agrees."
By 2020 the Russian military seemed interested in a wheeled tank, so the "Military Industrial Company" studied how to equip the Boomerang with a tank gun. Designers reported about the possibility of creating a light wheeled tank on the basis of the Boomerang. The unified interspecific wheeled armored platform "Boomerang" makes it possible to mount on it a complex of weapons with a cannon, similar to that of the 2S25 "Sprut-SD" self-propelled gun. The growing dynamics of modern local conflicts requires high mobility of both small arms and artillery weapons.
Just recently, a meeting was held at the RF Ministry of Defense on the creation of new types of weapons, military and special equipment, at which we proposed our unified wheeled armored platform "Boomerang" for any R&D projects associated with the development of such samples. Since now in the Russian army, in the armies of NATO countries and in a number of other armies of the world, more and more attention is paid to weapons, military and special equipment based on wheeled chassis, the unified interspecific wheeled armored platform "Boomerang" can become the basis of a new family of wheeled combat and special vehicles such as a reconnaissance vehicle, BREM, KShM, fire support vehicle, command vehicle of the chief of air defense or artillery with appropriate reconnaissance and control equipment, an armored medical vehicle, and many others.
In accordance with the schedule of work on the "Boomerang" R&D project, in 2020 the "Military Industrial Company" LLC, together with the GABTU of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, completed preliminary tests of prototypes based on the unified interspecific wheeled platform "Boomerang". In the course of the preliminary tests carried out, the prototypes confirmed the characteristics declared in the terms of reference.
At the production facilities of "VPK" LLC, new prototypes were prepared within the framework of the "Boomerang" design and development project for conducting state tests, for which it was planned to transfer the machines in 2020. The schedule of work on the "Boomerang" R&D project was strictly observed. The first serial combat vehicles on the unified wheeled armored platform "Boomerang" would enter the troops after the completion of state tests and their acceptance into service.
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