The city of Qalqilya, located in the northwest of the West Bank, has its roots and origins in the Canaaite era. The name "Qalqilya" goes back to the Roman times, and European Mediaeval sources refer to it as "Kalkelie", the name used today by its contemporary residents. Qalqilya has 45,000 inhabitants, and an annual growth rate of 3.8%.
Qalqilya is situated about 12 km from the Mediterranean coast, on the border between Israel and the West Bank. The city's altitude ranges from 45 to 125 m above sea level, and it covers approximately 3.5 km2. Qalqilya has a temperate Mediterranean climate; rainy and warm in winter, hot in summer with humidity levels reaching 70% during July and August. Annual average rainfall is 550 mm.
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