Naypyidaw ( Nay Pyi Taw)
Pre-colonial kings repeatedly moved their capital city. Naypyidaw is Myanmar's new capital, announced to the public in late 2005. The military regime surprised the world by suddenly shifting the seat of government from Yangon. Government workers were reportedly given less than 48 hours notice to move to the city -- which was largely built in secret. Naypyidaw, which means royal capital in Burmese, is 16 kilometers from the small town of Pyinmana, near the main road and railway line between Yangon and Mandalay. But as of late 2011 no foreign embassies had accepted the government's offer to relocate from Rangoon.
In 2008 the New York Times reported that "There is an avenue for hotels and an area dedicated to restaurants. The government offices, built with traditional Burmese influences and Soviet-style bulkiness, are in one section. Housing for bureaucrats, partitioned and color-coded according to ministry, is nearby. It's difficult to judge the city's size, but it feels smaller than the government's claim of one million inhabitants and 7,000 square kilometers, or 2,700 square miles - 10 times the size of Singapore."
Nay Pyi Taw, the administrative capital of the Union of Myanmar, is centrally located, 391 km (250 miles) from Yangon and 302 km from Mandalay. Nay Pyi Taw Airport is about 30 minutes drive from the city, located 10 miles southeast. There are daily flights from Nay Pyi Taw to the commercial capital, Yangon, and Mandalay [which can be called the cultural capital] by Domestic Airlines, Air Bagan, Air Mandalay, Myanma Airways and Yangon Airways. Nay Pyi Taw Station is on the main Yangon-Mandalay rail line. It took nine hours by train to get from Yangon to Naypyidaw. A new highway from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw has been opened recently and now the travelling time from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw is only about 4 hours drive. Nay Pyi Taw Express Coaches run every day along the Yangon - Nay Pyi Taw Highway.
Nay Pyi Taw Zoo is the largest zoo in Myanmar, located on the Yangon - Mandalay highway about 250 miles north of Yangon. The area of the zoo is 612-acres (247-hectare) and there are about 420 animals including attractions such as White Tigers and Penguins. Another interesting place in this city is the Water Fountain Garden.
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