UNITED24 - Make a charitable donation in support of Ukraine!

Military


Thondar Fast Attack Missile Boat

The Houdong is a Chinese missile boat, based off of the Huangfeng missile boat, itself a copy of the Russian Osa class missile boats. It is armed with a four round launcher for the C-802 cruise missile, as well as a turreted twin 30mm cannon and crewed 23mm cannon for self defense. In total China reportedly sold Iran between 10 and 40 Houdong missile boats, officially named Thondar in Iranian service and possibly more than 80 C-802 anti-ship cruise missiles during the mid-1990s. These formed a major part of Iran's offensive naval capabilities during the 1990s.

One of the most significant Islamic Revolutionary Guards Revolutionary Guards Navy units are the fast-moving Thunderbolt crews that play an important role in deploying them in different areas with one of the longest-range available anti-ship cruise missiles. In the protection of the waters of the country in the Gulf are always the Strait of Hormuz. A total of 10 units of the Thunder boats were delivered to the Navy in April of 1997. The Thunder is in the international ranking of a Missle Boat.

With a displacement of 205 tons, a length of 38.6, a width of 6.8, and a 2.7 meter draft, it has a maximum speed of about 65 km / h, with a speed of 55.5 km / h, with a range of 1480 km. So, if necessary, the Thunder can patrol several days in the water. Surface radar for the detection and tracking of surface targets and enemy vessels with the ability to identify dozens of targets, navigation radar for guidance and radar, fire control for weapons guidance, radar alarms, electronic warfare and telecommunication systems including Marine Flotation equipment.

Thunder bow has two 30-mm AK-230 barrels with a high beam radar that is used on many eastern vessels. The gun, which fires projectiles of 270 grams each of 30 grams of explosives, has a firing rate of 1,000 to 2,000 bullets per minute, with a range of 2500 to 4000 meters for combat purposes and a maximum range of 6 to 7 kilometers. Therefore, this gun, while being used against marine targets, is effectively used against air threats such as manned airplanes and UAVs. The mass of the gun is 156 kg and the mass of the whole set is 1905 kg. Its rotation speed is up to 87 degrees at 50 degrees per second. In fact, it only takes 1.74 seconds to orientate the ball from the horizontal. The outlet speed of the tube is also 1050 m / s.

A 23mm double gun is also located in the middle of the boat behind the riggin. This well-known gun is also used against the enemies, in its limited range of 2000 to 2500 meters, is a great weapon for the destruction of UAVs and helicopters, and the insecurity space for missiles and enemy aircraft. The practical shot is 800 rounds per minute, and on these boats it has the ability to rotate completely to the sides to over 110 degrees in each side and there is no limit to the rotation upwards. The bullet of 186 grams has a speed of 970 meters per second. Given the fact that the 23mm-gun remote control system is equipped with optical systems for targeting, the use of such guns, while increasing the likelihood of strike, will increase the operational efficiency of this weapon.

A 12.7 mm shotgun has been installed in every Thunderbolt side and is an effective weapon against aircraft targets for engagement with helicopters, UAVs and boats, according to its 1600-meter range. Bullets that contain explosives are shot at 800 m / s. It is likely that a number of launchers, such as Covenant -1 or 2, should also be present on the boat to provide effective fire protection against enemy threats at low to medium altitudes, when needed. These missiles can destroy targets of up to 5,000 meters and flying heights of 30-4,000 meters at a significant speed of 600 meters per second.

But the main weapon of the Thunder is four anti-ship cruiser missile launchers. The light anti-ship missile has a range of 120 km and has a rocket booster for initial speeds that, after being detached from the missile, the turbojet engine started to operate and 155 kg semi-armored warhead at very low altitudes and near water level Kills the target. A more capable rocket, but with a range of 220 km, has doubled the action radius of Thunder and increased the dangerous distance for enemy ships by 83.3%. In fact, in the event of a clash, enemy troops are at risk of being destroyed up to more than 200 kilometers from any Thunder's side, while the Thunder itself is less threatened because it is less distant from its own coast and less to vessels The enemy is approaching, thus, the deterioration rate of the naval units of the IRGC has been able to significantly increase by equipping Thunder.

In 1996, the China National Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation, a state-run enterprise, delivered 60 C-802 model cruise missiles to Iran. These missiles were mounted on patrol boats for use by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Navy. The China National Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation markets the C-802 in its sales brochure as a missile with "mighty attack capability" and "great firepower" for use against escort vessels such as the USS Stark. This was the same company that supplied missile technology to Pakistan, a transaction that led the United States Government to impose economic sanctions for violating US law and international non-proliferation guidelines.

In addition, China reportedly was supplying Iran with a land-based version of the C-802 cruise missile. Iran had been constructing several sites along its coastlines to accommodate Transporter-Erector-Launchers (TELs), from which the Iranian Revolutionary Guard could fire these cruise missiles at targets in both the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The C-802 model cruise missile provides the Iranian military a weapon with greater range, accuracy, reliability, and mobility than it previously possessed and shifted the balance of power in the Gulf region.

In November 1996, Iran conducted land, sea and air war games in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman and successfully test-fired a C-802 anti-ship cruise missile from one of its Houdong patrol boats. Admiral Scott Redd, the former commander-in-chief of the United States Fifth Fleet stationed in the Gulf, said that the C-802 missiles gave Iran a "360-degree threat which can come at you from basically anywhere." Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Robert Einhorn told the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee on 11 April 1997, that the C-802 cruise missiles "pose new, direct threats to deployed United States forces."

Elaine Sciolino pointed out in her 20 April 1997, article in The New York Times, the potential for real conflict between the United States and Iran was significant, "when two enemy navies with vastly different military missions and governments that do not talk to each other are crowded into such a small, highly strategic body of water." The acquisition by Iran of advanced cruise missiles, like the C-802 model, had to be considered a serious threat to stability, given the explosive situation that already existed. Iran's intent seemed clear: to challenge the United States for predominance in the Gulf.

The United States sought to pressure China over these sales and their potentially destabilizing character. The Chinese government agreed to US requests in 1998 to halt further C-802 sales. Circumventing this restriction, Iran obtained a license to produce the weapons, primarily for its Thondar missile boats.

It is also covered by a long, accurate and intelligent missile with a limited number of boats, or with the same number of boats available to cover areas of much greater scope. Some foreign sources are likely to have ultrasonic velocity, similar to the C-802 Chinese cruise missile, which led to ultrasonic prototype, a missile capable of upgrading a light missile (Native Sample C-802). However, according to the published images of the missile, the nose profile does not fit the ultrasonic speed regime.

These boats have recently been operational and well-functioning before they are completed, repairs and, most importantly, upgrade systems and equipment. Among the Thunder improvements, we can mention the use of a long range rocket, a new fire control system, radar switching with a longer range radar, and the ability to track further targets and rebuild defense systems. Improvement of the body, gearbox, fire and safety systems, floating control systems, motors, generators, electrical systems and rebuilding of the pumps were among the measures that, while addressing the basic issues of these vessels, provided them with a reassessment. And by exploiting new equipment and weapons, the operational value of these vessels has doubled.


2



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list



 
Page last modified: 12-07-2019 19:04:52 ZULU