13th Group Army
The 13th Group Army consisted of two divisions, an armored brigade, an anti-aircraft artillery brigade, a field artillery brigade and a communications regiment. The unit was considered to be a Category A unit indicating that the 13th's subordinate units were fully trained and had been fully equipped with modern weapons.
The 13th Group Army traces its lineage to a military subdistrict of the T'aiyueh Military District in 1939. In 1945 the first subdistrict was reorganized and was redesignated as the Ta'iyueh Column and in 1946 the unit was again redesignated, this time as the 4th Column under the Second Field Army. In 1949 the 4th Column was reorganized and was redesignated the 13th Corps. The 13th was comprised of the 37th, 38th and 39th Divisions. In the early 1950s the 13th was reorganized and assigned to the 4th Army. At this time the 13th Corps was located in Yunnan and some of its subordinate units were transferred to the newly activated 14th Corps.
The PLA 13th Army was formerly known as Red 31 Army during the Agrarian Revolutionary War, Sino-Japanese War, and the Eighth Route Army during the 129th division 386 brigade, the Central Plains Field Army during the Liberation War 4 columns 10, 13 brigades and western Henan Some troops in the military region. In December 1930, after the establishment of the Red 7 regiment, it invested in the first anti-encirclement campaign. In January 1931, the Red 1 Army and the Red 15 Army were co-edited as the Red 4 Army, and the Red 7 Regiment was changed to the Red 4 Army Independent Regiment. In February, the independent group was expanded to be the second division of the Central Committee of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army.
Xiao Fang was appointed as the division commander and Wang Xiaoting was appointed as the political commissar. In March, the central teachings of the Second Division and Eastern Hubei guards second group composed of 4th Red Army 12 division XJ Shen any commander, political commissar Pang Yongjun. In June, the beginning of a positive leader Mao six Duli group compiled for the Red 12 division 35th regiment. In October, based on the Red Division and the 34th Regiment, the 28th Regiment of the 10th Division and the 31st Regiment of the Red Division 11 were reorganized into the 73rd Division of the Red 25th Army. Liu Ying was the commander and Wu Huan was the political commissar. In November, the Red 25 Army returned to the Red Fourth Army.
On July 1933, 73 red-based division expanded to 31 Army Red Army, the Red Fourth Army deputy commander and commander Wang Shusheng, Zhang was appointed political commissar, jurisdiction 91, 92, 93 divisions, with ten thousand people. November 1934 troops were reorganized, Sun Yuqing, Yu Tianyun had served as commander, there had been six before Zhan Fang had served as political commissar. In March 1935, the Red 31 Army participated in the Battle of the Jialing River.
To capture the enemy, it was necessary to burn the temple and defeat the enemy's 1 brigade. After that, participating in the Long March, the troops repeatedly risked, went back and forth to the snowy mountain grassland, fought bravely, severely attacked the enemy, and successfully reached the Shaanxi-Gansu-Suzhou area. This was a period of 31 Red Army fought in Hubei, Henan, Anhui, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Sai, Gansu, Ningxia and other provinces, participated in the creation of three provinces, Sichuan and Shaanxi revolutionary base of struggle and Long March, in the struggle to continue to grow and develop.
In August 1937, the Red 31 Army was reorganized into the 386th brigade of the 129th Division of the Eighth Route Army. Chen Yi was the brigade commander and Wang Xinting was the political commissar. The 771th and 772th regiments were under the jurisdiction. In September, the 386th brigade in the division led into the Northeast, Shanxi regions to carry out guerrilla warfare, to participate in the establishment of Ethernet lines as the basis of anti-Japanese base areas. 10 months, the 386th Brigade at seven interactive village hit two ambushes brilliant success wars, casualties of more than 50 people at the cost of eligible got annihilates Japanese troops and more than 400 people, nearly 400 victories pay mule and a large number of military supplies. Later again into the line Huangyan end, longevity mouth, Shentouling, Xiangtangshan shop, Changle Village, incense and other Chenggu battle, a hundred participated in World War II mission.
In the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, the 386th Brigade moved to the three provinces of Shanxi, Hebei, and Henan, mobilized the masses, expanded their armed forces, launched guerrilla warfare, and fought more than 850 times, injuring and killing more than 25,000 people in the Japanese prisoners, consolidating and expanding the anti-Japanese base areas, the strength of the army had grown.
After the victory, it liberated areas to the hinterland offensive to crush an attempt to Chiang Kai-shek, 386th Brigade collaborative adjacent units, successfully carried out the party battles, the brigade wiped out more than 7500 people. In October 1945, the 386th Brigade was ordered to be reorganized as the 10th Brigade of the 4th Column of the Jinyu Luyu Field Army. It had 28th, 29th and 30th regiments and had about 7,000 people. At the same time, the armed forces of the Taiyue Military Region were adapted into the Jinyu Luyu Field Army.
The 13th brigade of the column, had under jurisdiction of the 37th, 38th, 39th regiments. In June 1946, to crush Hu Tsung-nan, Yan Xishan to me Jinnan attack from the north and south, the 10th Brigade took part in the smell of summer, Tongpu, temporary float campaign, the three wars three Jie. Later, Xi Jin Lu Liang participated in the battles of southwestern Shanxi and Yang (Yang) Xiao (Yi). The military then transferred to strategic offensive from strategic defense, 10th, 13th Brigade troops with a brother, forced the Yellow River, advancing the Central Plains, and create a western Henan Liberated Area. March 1948, 10th, 13th Brigade fought in Henan, it participated in Luoyang, Wanxi, Wan Dong Yudong battle and blocking operations, shattered hostile Central defense system partition.
Since then, it had participated in the world-famous Huaihai Campaign. In February 1949, according to the order of the Central Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the unification of the entire army and the number of troops, the 10th Brigade of the 4th Column of the Central Plains Field Army, the 13th Brigade, and the 3rd Division and the 6th Division of the Yuxi Military Region were in Yucheng, Henan Province. County Huangge village consisting of 4 People's Liberation Army 2nd Field Army Corps 13th Army, week Sheehan any commander, political commissar Liuyou Guang, deputy commander Chen Kang, Liaoguan Xian deputy political commissar and political governance director, Renxue Gong Ren Houqin Minister. The army had a total of more than 29,000 people. Under the jurisdiction of the original 10 brigade to change the first 37 commanders, any commanders Zhouxue Yi, Lei from any division political commissar of the cloud; 13th Brigade was renamed the 38th Division, Xu Qixiao any commander, political commissar of the division Renan quiet; adaptation of the original composition of military forces in western Henan 39th division, Li Xifu any commanders, Hou moral and political commissar division. In April of the same year, the 13th Army participated in the Battle of Dujiang, and its 109th regiment won the banner of the "First Crossing the River to Kill the Enemy". After that, it took part in the Battle of Guangxi and Guangdong side Zhuijian, Yunnan south battle.
During the liberation war, 13 Army troops together with the comrades, had moved to Shanxi, Henan, lakes north, Anhui, Jiangsu, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and other provinces, participated in more than 10 famous battles, conducted hundreds of Fight in size.
In January 1950, the 13th Army deployed cadres, soldiers, more than 1,700 people, more than 1000 horses, set into a baggage group, redeploy the 18th Army entered Tibet support. Later, the 13th Army in Yunnan bandits make war, destroy the bandits 318 shares, a total of 5.5 million people, to defend the frontier. In March 1950, the 13th Army and the South Weiwei District were established by the 4th Corps and the Yunnan Military Region.
In June 1950, the 13th Army Guard regiment 15th Army tune, and deploy other cadres, soldiers make up the composition of training more than 10,000 commanders to participate in the Chinese People's Volunteers. The army went to the DPRK to fight. In May 1954, the troops returned to China with the 15th Army.
In September 2003 the 13th Group Army is reported to have deployed along Yunnan's border with Myanmar (Burma) and relieved border guards. The 13th was apparently deployed to the region to offset any instability that might occur if the Myanmar government collapsed. Reports indicate that an air defense or AAA unit had deployed near Mengzhi village. The size of the deployment is unclear. (Asia Times 21 Nov 2003)
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