Bangladesh Navy - History
Bangladesh Navy (BN) came into being during the liberation War of the country in 1971. In the beginning of BN history, Freedom Fighters whose undaunted bravery and sacrifice paved the way for our independence. Shaheed Ruhul Amin, Engine Room Artificer-I (Birshrestha), Shaheed Mohammad Farid Uddin Ahmed-Radio Electrician-I (Bir Bikram), Shaheed Mohammad Daulat Hossain Mollah-Able Seaman (Bir Bikram), Shaheed Mohammad Akter Uddin- Able Seaman and many others sacrificed their lives for our freedom. Shaheed Lt Commander Moazzam Hossain who sacrificed himself in the beginning of the Liberation War.
BN started its brave stride with only 02 gunboats named PADMA and PALASH and a small number of Naval Commandoes during the War of Liberation. Contribution of this small force is a milestone in the history of BN. They carried out as good as 45 gallant operations causing irreparable damages to the enemy. The undaunted bravery of the Naval Commandoes and sailors will always remain as a golden history of BN and will be a source of inspiration for BN personnel.
Bangladesh Navy had a glorious contribution in he liberation war of Bangladesh. Many members of Bangladesh Navy actively took part in the liberation war of 1971. The participation included all the operations from traditional naval operation to unconventional commando operation including guerilla warfare.
At the first leg of war, defected Bengali sailors joined the guerrilla forces. It was the 8 valiant sailors who defected Pakistan Navy sub-marine PNS MANGRO, under construction in France, pioneered the formation of naval element of Liberation War. Later many other naval freedom fighters joined and actively participated till the last date of liberation war. So far the information could be known, there are 334 naval freedom fighters; out of which 22 are martyrs who made the supreme sacrifice of their lives for the greatest cause of liberation war.
Due to the essence, naval operation prevailed in sea, air and land. In order to avoid misunderstanding and to get necessary assistance naval planners used to coordinate in the planning phase with other sector commanders to carry out operation in their respective sectors. During the Liberation War East Pakistan was divided into 11 sectors. Each sector had a Commander and demarcated area of responsibility except sector 10. It is said that the area of responsibility of sector 10 was the coastal belt but in reality its operation was spread all over the country.
In 1971, it was imperative for the occupation force to keep ports, harbours operative and the sea lines of communication open. To block the sea lines of communication as well as to make the sea and river ports inoperative, members of Bangladesh Navy did fight valiantly. They attacked all the seaports including many river ports. Operation Jackpot is one of the most known successful operations. They carried out mining in Passur River Channel by Patrol Craft. Side by side along with other freedom fighters they also carried out attack against Pakistan Army to make the country free form all hostilities. As a result Bangladesh could become an independent state within shortest possible time.
Naval participation was extended to a great extent. The contribution of BN members towards liberation war is remarkable and cited in many articles of renowned writers. Few articles are also attached here.
After the independence specially in 1970s, the wide vision of our national leaders expedited the formation of necessary naval infrastructure. Two Ex Royal Navy Frigates joined BN as BNS UMAR FAROOQ and BNS ALI HAIDER in 1976 and 1978 respectively. Later, in 1982 the 3rd Ex Royal Navy Frigate joined BN as BNS ABU BAKR. Inclusion of these 03 Frigate is considered as the principal foundation of BN. This has introduced the new born nation as a ''Limited Blue Water Navy'' to the world. Since then BN has undergone dramatic changes over the last couple of decades. It has not only changed in size and shape but also in its role, mission and vision.
On April 29 and 30, 1991, a huge tropical cyclone roared up the Bay of Bengal and slammed into theexposed coastline of Bangladesh. In a land regularlyvisited by natural devastation, this storm dwarfed any previous calamity of the last several decades. Sustained winds of 145 miles per hour drove 20 foot tidal waves over the coastal islands and littoral Bangladesh. Ships from Bangladesh's Navy were unable to leave the port of Chittagong because the giant storm sunk many vessels which blocked the port.
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