Advanced Base Functional Component System (ABFCS)
During World War II the Navy had faced base building problems and had developed the Advanced Base Functional Component System (ABFCS). During the buildup in Vietnam, the Navy used many elements of that system. The Da Nang hospital was constructed almost entirely of quonset huts, which make up a large part of the system. However, the standards of the ABFCS were quite austere.The Navy and Marine Corps do not prepackage a specific system to support bare base operations, their eclectic approach to bare base operations works. The Advanced Base Functional Component System (ABFCS) is a grouping of personnel, facilities, equipment, and materiel designed to perform a specific function or to accomplish a mission of an advanced or forward-deployed base. Some ABFCS components are operational and contain all of the subcomponents required to perform certain mission elements. However, complete ABFCS's are not preassembled and held in stock for contingency issue. Another prominent facet of the ABFCS is the usefulness of its data base as a planning and design instrument. Logistics and engineer planners can query the ABFCS data base for information on bills of material, facility design characteristics, manpower, and equipment requirements. ABFCS are pre-planned modular units that provide a variety of functional capabilities to extend, as required, the logistics infrastructure that supports naval expeditionary operations. Each ABFC functional design is comprised of a standardized grouping of active duty and/or reserve personnel, facilities, equipment and material, or any combination thereof, designed to perform a specific function or accomplish a mission of an advanced support base. ABFCS can augment existing advanced support bases or provide new capabilities via the establishment of Advanced Logistics Support Sites (ALSS) or Forward Logistics Sites (FLS). An Advanced Support Base is an overseas areas or localities in or near the theater of operations from which logistics facilities are organized to conduct and support forward presence and crisis response naval operations. An Advanced Logistics Support Site (ALSS) is the primary expeditionary logistics site supporting an operational area. Established at a secure location readily accessible to seaport and/or airfield facilities, an ALSS receives all strategic airlift and/or sealift coming into and out of the theater. Linked to Forward Logistics Sites (FLSS) by intra-theater airlift and sealift, an ALSS transships material and personnel destined for deployed units within a theater of operations. An ALSS must be capable of providing a full range of logistics support to deployed units operating in the area, including the requisite medical capability to accept battle casualties until they can be returned to duty or evacuated by national medical evacuation systems. ALSSS are established using ABFCS and host nation support. A Forward Logistics Sites (FLSS) is the most forward transshipment point in the operational area. Established at a site located near a port and/or airfield close to the main battle area, FLSS provide the bridge between an ALSS and operating units. Linked to an ALSS(S) by intra-theater airlift and sealift, FLSS receive and forward material and personnel to units operating in the area. FLS capabilities range from very austere to near those of an ALSS, depending on operational requirement. FLSS are established using ABFCS and host nation support. Defense Planning Guidance prescribes relatively short warning times for responding to contingency and crisis response scenarios. Accordingly, ABFCS must be organized, trained and equipped at all times, capable of responding promptly to tasking from the National Command Authority. The ABFC planning and programming system is a mechanism to facilitate establishment of expeditionary logistics support elements by standardizing the design for basic groupings of equipment, material, personnel and facilities. ABFCS can then be aggregated/tailored by Navy Component Commanders to match specific ALSS/FLS requirements during both deliberate and contingency operation planning.
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