The Air Force's Harvest Eagle and Harvest Falcon systems complement Force Provider's capabilities and applications in MOOTW. Smaller than the Force Provider company, Harvest Eagle assets are green in color and provide billeting, kitchen, shower and latrine support for a 550-person bare base. Harvest Eagle package is deployed by 8 sorties of C-130 aircraft using the 463L pallet system.
Prior to Operation Desert Storm the Air Force planned to use elaborate base development packages called the Harvest Bear, Harvest Falcon, and Harvest Eagle. The Air Force had pre-positioned these "harvest" packages that included tents, latrine and shower units, kitchen and dining facilities, field laundries, general purpose and aircraft shelters, plus electrical power, sewer, and water systems. Troops assembled these light shelters in the field. When the stock became insufficient in 1990, the Air Force, like the Army, began procuring commercially available expedient structures.
Not as robust as Harvest Falcon, Harvest Eagle systems consist of two major components: a housekeeping set and a utility support package. Harvest Eagle's housekeeping set is similar to Force Provider's in that its principal focus is on basic troop support. Equipment in the set includes, but is not limited to, TEMPER tents, water purification units, latrines, a laundry, power generators, showers, fuel and water storage, and airfield lighting.
The utility support package consists of upgraded generators, primary and secondary distribution centers, and plumbing and was only available with the four CONUS sets. The CONUS sets, stored and maintained at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, were earmarked for worldwide deployment.
The Air Force has been working on the development of transportable facilities for use at remote and austere locations since the 1950s. The original portable basing set, Gray Eagle was designed to support an 1100-person deployment. The Air Force first used it during the Vietnam War at Cam Ranh Bay and Phan Rang Air Bases (ABs).
In the late 1960s, the package was expanded and made more air transportable and given the name Harvest Eagle. The Harvest Eagle equipment has undergone several generations of modernization. Harvest Eagle consists mainly of soft-wall shelters and support equipment generally used on deployments of short duration.
A Harvest Eagle set, at a total cost of about $340,000, usually consists of field kitchen, sleeping gear, auxiliary electrical generators, water purification units, bath and laundry units, and other housekeeping itemsover 700 different line items totaling some 75,000 units of supply, weighing about 323 tons, and comprising some 44,000 cubic feet in aggregate mass [13,965 cubic feet of cargo space by another estimate]. One Harvest Eagle set requires 35 ISU containers.
The mobile medical units that might support such a deployed force would consist of one or more ATCs or ATHs. The ATCs provide equipment and supplies necessary to care for the medical outpatient needs of 300 to 500 people. The 50 bed ATH is equipped to provide both inpatient and outpatient medical and dental care for a population of up to 4,000. This hospital can be augmented with additional surgical capability by the addition of a hospital surgical equipment package (HSEP).
Modular and expandable shelters and canvas tents will provide structures needed on a bare base for billeting, shops, hangars, and storage. All expandable and general purpose shelters can be set up for immediate use or packaged for redeployment by the people who will use them.
Three types of tents are provided in Harvest Eagle assets: general purpose medium (GPM), general purpose large (GPL), and a special "kitchen tent." The ATC has one TEMPER tent and the ATH is composed of GPMs and GPLs or TEMPER tents described below. The GPM tent is 16 by 32 feet complete with pins and poles. It can house 12 people; and 4 trained people can pitch the tent in approximately 1 hour. The GPL tent is 18 by 52 feet, can billet 22 people; and it can be erected by 6 people in 1-1/2 hours.
The Tent Extendible Modular Personnel (TEMPER) is a modular soft shelter supported by an aluminum frame structure. The fabric is made of a modern synthetic material. The tent comes with roll-up windows, mosquito netting, and a fly sheet composed of water-proof material that attaches above the tent top and allows free movement of air between the fly sheet and tent top. The tent comes in 8 by 20 foot sections that fasten together; the nominal tent size is 32 by 20 feet. A white inner liner is also included for insulation within the tent. An electrical wiring kit provides lights and duplex outlets. The TEMPER tent can be heated or cooled as required. This shelter can be erected by four people in approximately 2 hours and houses 12 people.
As of 1996 four Harvest Eagle sets were kept in US Air Force, Europe, four in the Pacific Air Forces, and four in CONUS.
As of 2002 the HE was comprised of 24 550-person Housekeeping sets with associated utility support. As of 2002 refurbishment and reconstitution of Air Force Harvest Eagle bare base assets was key to both current operations plans (OPLANs) and USPACOM operations in support of the global war on terrorism. Harvest Eagle's tent-based housing modules allow forward-deployed or reinforcing units to establish airfield operations where local infrastructure is austere or lacking. Degraded before their use in current operations, deployable bare-base assets capacity will continue to be a limiting factor to executing OPLANs and contingencies without fully funding refurbishment and reconstitution.
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