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Dogfish

A world of high-tech warfare exists unseen below the ocean waves: anti-submarine warfare. Were it not for authors, such as Tom Clancy, it would be tough to envision the submariners' world, their silence and their strategies. The skills of anti-submarine warfare are perishable. To keep the strategists sharp, NATO countries participate in Dogfish. This annual exercise, first mounted in 1975, is the world's largest exercise dedicated to anti-submarine warfare. Dogfish has grown in size over the years. During the 1991 exercise, 91 sorties were logged. In 1995 there were twice as many. Much is learned when multi-national forces train together in live exercises.

Dogfish '95 was held Feb. 7-14. The forces in this exercise included 18 aircraft, 11 helicopters, and nine submarines. Also, for the first time, the exercise included two surface combatant ships and a destroyer squadron staff serving as anti-submarine warfare coordinator. Off Sicily's eastern coast, participating submarines were split between two groups, the blue and the gold. The blue crews, with maritime patrol aircraft and shore-based helicopters, pursued the gold crews as they lapped the designated exercise area. Within the complexities of chasing submarines lies the challenge. Nothing can find a submarine better than another submarine. The subs didn't actually chase each other. Instead, once contact was made, blue crews passed their information to their "air buddies," a P-3 patrol aircraft and helicopters above.

NATO's annual submarine warfare exercise DOGFISH 2000 was held in the Ionian Sea from 17 February to 1 March 2000. The exercise involved submarines, surface ships, maritime patrol aircraft and helicopters from eleven nations and conducted advanced anti-submarine warfare operations aimed at improving co-operation in various operational environments. Nations participating were France, Greece, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The exercise demonstrated NATO's determination to maintain proficiency in co-ordinated anti-submarine operations, using a multinational force of ships, submarines and aircraft. The exercise was controlled from the multinational NATO Headquarters of the Commander Submarines, Allied Naval Forces South and the Commander Maritime Air Naval Forces South, Naples.

NATO Forces gathered in the Mediterranean for the world's largest yearly anti-submarine warfare exercise from 15 to 28 February 2001, twelve NATO nations provided seven submarines, seventeen maritime patrol aircraft and eight surface ships to take part in what is the world's largest anti-submarine warfare (ASW) exercise.

The exercise, named DOGFISH 2001, took place in the Ionian Sea to the east of Sicily. Eight NATO surface ships from Standing Naval Force Mediterranean joined the exercise. Seven submarines from Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey and the United States took part. Each submarine had the opportunity of being a hunter as well as the hunted.

The exercise demonstrated NATO's determination to maintain proficiency in co-ordinated anti-submarine, anti-surface, and coastal surveillance operations using a multinational force of ships, submarines and aircraft. Maritime patrol aircraft operated from Sigonella, Sicily, and were from Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. Italian shore-based ASW Helicopters from Fontanarossa, Sicily also participated.

Over 130 air missions were planned, and on average this resulted in a crew briefing every two hours, day and night, throughout the 14-day exercise. The exercise was controlled from the co-located multinational NATO Headquarters of the Commander Submarines Allied Naval Forces South and the Commander Maritime Air Allied Naval Forces South, Naples, Italy.

From 14 to 27 February 2002, eleven NATO nations provided 9 submarines, 19 maritime patrol aircraft, 11 surface ships and personnel to take part in what is the world's largest, annual anti-submarine warfare exercise, called "DOGFISH 02". The exercise took place in the Ionian Sea to the east of Sicily. France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America will provide the submarines participating in the exercise. Each submarine had the opportunity of being a hunter as well as the hunted. Three NATO surface ships from Standing Naval Force Mediterranean (STANAVFORMED) took part, as well as two French destroyers, a US destroyer, and two Italian corvettes. The exercise demonstrated NATO's determination to maintain proficiency in coordinated anti-submarine, anti-surface, and coastal surveillance operations using a multi-national force of ships, submarines and aircraft.

The maritime patrol aircraft that operated from Sigonella, Sicily, were from Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Italian shore-based anti-submarine warfare helicopters from Fontanarossa, Sicily also participated. Over 120 air missions were planned, and on average this resulted in a crew briefing, every two hours, day and night, throughout the 14-day exercise. The exercise was controlled from the co-located multi-national NATO headquarters of the Commander, Submarines Allied Naval Forces South and the Commander, Maritime Air Allied Naval Forces South, Naples, Italy.



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