CHIEFS OF STAFF
RULES OF ENGAGEMENT
[NOTE: This appendix is a reprint of Enclosure A, Chairman, JCS Instruction 3121.01 (1 Oct 94), which is the unclassified portion of that instruction. Within Enclosure A, there are references to its Appendix A as well as to Enclosures B and C and the Glossary of the CJSC instruction. However, those referenced documents are classified and are not reproduced here. The purpose of reprinting Enclosure A is to provide commanders with the source document of several key terms discussed elsewhere in this publication.]
JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF (JCS) STANDING RULES OF ENGAGEMENT (SROE):
1. Purpose and Scope.
(1) U.S. forces assigned to the operational control (OPCON) of a multinational force will follow the ROE of the multinational force unless otherwise directed by the National Command Authorities (NCA). U.S. forces will be assigned and remain OPCON to a multinational force only if the combatant commander and higher authority determine that the ROE for that multinational force are consistent with the policy guidance on unit self-defense and with the rules for individual self-defense contained in this document.
(2) When U.S. forces, under U.S. OPCON, operate in conjunction with a multinational force, reasonable efforts will be made to effect common ROE. If such ROE cannot be established, U.S. forces will exercise the right and obligation of self-defense contained in this document while seeking guidance from the appropriate combatant command. To avoid mutual interference, the multinational forces will be informed prior to U.S. participation in the operation of the U.S. forces' intentions to operate under these SROE and to exercise unit self-defense. For additional guidance concerning peace operations, see Appendix A to Enclosure A.
(3) Participation in multinational operations may be complicated by varying national obligations derived from international agreements, i.e., other members in a coalition may not be signatories to treaties that bind the United States, or they may be bound by treaties to which the United States is not a party. U.S. forces still remain bound by U.S. treaty obligations even if the other members in a coalition are not signatories to a treaty and need not adhere to its terms.
(1) Are proportional to the provocation.
(2) Are designed to limit the scope and intensity of the conflict.
(3) Will discourage escalation.
(4) Will achieve political and military objectives.
3. Intent. These SROE are intended to:
4. Combatant Commanders' SROE.