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Military

CHAPTER 3

BATTLE DRILLS AND CREW DRILLS

Mechanized infantry battle and crew drills describe how platoons and squads apply immediate action and fire and maneuver to commonly encountered situations and equipment malfunctions. They require leaders to make decisions rapidly and to issue brief oral orders quickly. A platoon's ability to accomplish its mission often depends on soldiers, leaders, and squads and sections executing key actions quickly. All soldiers and their leaders must know their immediate reaction to enemy contact and equipment malfunction as well as follow-up actions. Drills are limited to situations requiring instantaneous response; therefore, soldiers must execute drills instinctively. This results from continual practice. Drills provide platoons with standard procedures essential for building strength and aggressiveness. They identify key actions that leaders and soldiers must perform quickly. They provide for a smooth transition from one activity to another; for example, from movement to offensive action to defensive action. They provide standardized actions that link soldier and collective tasks at platoon level and below. (Soldiers perfrom individual tasks to CTT or SDT standard.) They must be understood by each individual and leader, and continually practiced by the platoon. The format for drills discussed in this chapter includes the title, the SITUATION that would cue the platoon or the leader into initiating the drill, the REQUIRED ACTIONS in sequence, and supporting illustrations. Where applicable, drills are cross-referenced with material in other chapters, other drills, or both. Battle drills are in Section I and crew drills are in Section II. (See ARTEP 7-7J-DRILL for the task, conditions, and standards for drill training.)

Section I

BATTLE DRILLS

A battle drill is a collective action executed by platoon or smaller element without applying a deliberate decision-making process. The action is vital to success in combat or critical to preserving life. The drill is initiated on a cue, such as an enemy action or simple leader's order, and is a trained response to the given stimulus. It requires minimal leader orders to accomplish and is standard throughout like units.

Battle Drill 1

PLATOON ATTACK

(DISMOUNTED)

SITUATION: The platoon is moving as part of a larger force conducting a movement to contact or a hasty or deliberate attack.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-1.)

STEP 1. Action on Enemy Contact.

a. The platoon initiates contact. The platoon leader directs when and how his base-of-fire element initiates contact with the enemy to establish a base of fire. This element must be in position and briefed before it initiates contact. If the platoon has not been detected, Steps 1 and 2 consist of positioning the base-of-fire element and identifying the enemy's positions.

b. The enemy initiates contact. If the enemy initiates contact, the platoon takes the following actions:

(1) The squad in contact reacts to contact (Battle Drill 2). It attempts to achieve suppressive fires with one fire team, then maneuvers the other team to attack the enemy in the flank.

(2) The platoon leader, his RATELO, the platoon FO, and the squad leader of the other squad move forward to link up with the squad leader of the squad in contact.

(3) The platoon sergeant repositions the BFVs as necessary to provide observation and supporting fires against the enemy.

(4) The platoon leader reports contact and assesses the situation. He follows the success of the squad's flank attack by leading the trail squad along the covered and concealed route taken by the assaulting fire team of the squad in contact.

(5) If the squad in contact cannot achieve suppressive fire, the squad leader reports to the platoon leader.

(a) The squad in contact establishes a base of fire. The squad leader deploys his squad to provide effective, sustained fires on the enemy position. The squad leader reports his final position to the platoon leader.

(b) The remaining squad (not in contact) takes up covered and concealed positions in place and observes to the flanks and rear of the platoon.

(c) The platoon leader moves forward with his RATELO, the platoon FO, and the other squad leader.

STEP 2. Locate the Enemy.

a. The squad leader of the squad in contact reports the enemy size and location, and any other information to the platoon leader. The platoon leader completes the squad leader's assessment of the situation.

b. The squad continues to engage the enemy's position.

c. The platoon leader directs the platoon sergeant to reposition the BFVs as necessary to observe and provide supporting fires against the enemy.

STEP 3. Suppress the Enemy.

a. The platoon leader determines if the BFVs and squad in contact can gain suppressive fire against the enemy, based on the volume and accuracy of the enemy fire and the ability of the BFVs to suppress the enemy.

(1) If YES, he directs the BFVs and the squad in contact to continue suppressing the enemy.

(a) The BFVs and the squad in contact destroys or suppresses enemy weapons that are firing most effectively against them, including vehicles and crew-served weapons.

(b) In addition, the squad in contact places screening smoke (M203) to prevent the enemy from seeing the maneuver element.

(2) If NO, the platoon leader deploys the other squad to suppress the enemy position.

(3) The squad not in contact provides suppressive fires from its overwatch position or repositions to observe and provide suppressive fires against the enemy.

b. The platoon leader again determines if the platoon can gain suppressive fires against the enemy.

(1) If YES, he continues to suppress the enemy with the two squads and the BFVs The platoon FO calls for and adjusts fires based on the platoon leader's directions. (The platoon leader does not wait for indirect fires before continuing with his actions.)

(2) If still NO, the platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander. Normally, the platoon will become the base-of-fire element for the company. The platoon continues to suppress or fix the enemy with direct and indirect fire, and responds to orders from the company commander.

STEP 4. Attack.

If the BFVs and the squad in contact can suppress the enemy, the platoon leader determines if the remaining squad not in contact can maneuver. He makes the following assessment.

  • Location of enemy positions and obstacles.
  • Size of enemy force. (The number of enemy automatic weapons, the presence of any vehicles, and the use of indirect fires are indicators of enemy strength.)
  • Vulnerable flank.
  • Covered and concealed flanking route to the enemy position.

a. If YES, the platoon leader maneuvers the squad not in contact into the assault:

(1) Once the platoon leader has ensured that the base-of-fire element is in position and providing suppressive fires, he leads or directs the assaulting squad, by the flanking route, to the enemy position.

(2) Once in position, the platoon leader gives the prearranged signal for the base-of-fire element to lift or shift direct fires to the opposite flank of the enemy position. (The assault squad must pick up and maintain effective fires throughout the assault. Handover of responsibility for direct fires from the base-of-fire element to the assault element is critical to prevent fratricide.)

(3) The platoon FO shifts indirect fires to isolate the enemy position.

(4) The assaulting squad fights through enemy positions using fire and maneuver. The platoon leader controls the movement of his squad. He assigns specific objectives for each team and designates the main effort or base maneuver team. (The base-of-fire element must be able to identify the near flank of the assaulting squad.)

(5) In the assault, the squad leader determines the way in which he will move the teams of his squad based on the volume and accuracy of enemy fire against his squad and the amount of cover afforded by the terrain. (Figure 3-2.) In all cases, each soldier uses individual movement techniques as appropriate.

(a) The squad leader designates one fire team to support the movement of the other team.

(b) The squad leader designates a distance or direction for the team to move. He accompanies one of the fire teams. (See Figure 3-2.)

(c) Soldiers must maintain contact with team members and leaders.

(d) Buddy teams time their firing and reloading in order to sustain their rate of fire. Teams are--

  • Fire Team A, Buddy Teams: Team leader and automatic rifleman, grenadier (M203) and antiarmor specialist.
  • Fire Team B, Buddy Teams: Team leader and automatic rifleman, automatic rifleman and antiarmor specialist.

(e) The moving fire team proceeds to the next covered position. Teams use the wedge formation when assaulting. Soldiers move in rushes or by crawling.

(f) The squad leader directs the next team to move.

(g) If necessary, the team leader directs soldiers to bound forward as individuals within buddy teams. Soldiers coordinate their movement and fires with their buddies. They maintain contact with their team leader.

(h) Soldiers fire from covered positions. They select the next covered position before moving. They either rush forward (no more than 5 seconds), or use high or low crawl techniques based on terrain and enemy fires.

b. If NO, or the assaulting squad cannot continue to move, the platoon leader deploys the squads to suppress the enemy and reports to the company commander. The platoon continues suppressing enemy positions and responds to the orders of the company commander.

STEP 5. Consolidate and Reorganize.

a. Consolidate. Once the platoon has seized the enemy position, the platoon leader establishes local security. (The platoon must prepare to defeat an enemy counterattack. The platoon is most vulnerable at the conclusion of the assault.)

(1) The platoon leader signals for the base-of-fire element to move up into designated positions.

(2) The platoon leader assigns sectors of fire for each BFV and squad.

(3) The platoon leader positions BFVs and key weapons to cover the most dangerous avenue of approach.

(4) Soldiers take up hasty defensive positions.

(5) The platoon leader and his FO develop an initial fire support plan.

(6) The squads place out OPs to warn of enemy counterattacks.

b. Reorganize.

(1) The platoon performs the following tasks (only after it completes consolidation on the objective):

(a) Reestablish the chain of command.

(b) Treat casualties and evacuate wounded.

(c) Man crew-served weapons first.

(d) Redistribute and resupply ammunition.

(e) Redistribute critical equipment (radios, NBC, NVDs).

(f) Coordinate for ammunition and resupply (platoon sergeant).

(g) Search, silence, segregate, safeguard, and speed EPWs to collection points.

(h) Collect and report enemy information and materiel.

(i) Fill vacancies in key positions.

(2) Squad and section leaders provide ammunition, casualty, and equipment (ACE) reports to the platoon sergeant. (Bradley commanders additionally provide fuel status.)

(3) The platoon sergeant consolidates ACE reports, reviews them with the platoon leader, and gives them to the first sergeant (or XO).

(4) The platoon continues the mission after receiving guidance from the company commander. The company follows the success of the platoon's flanking attack.

Battle Drill 1A

PLATOON ATTACK

(MOUNTED)

SITUATION: The platoon is moving as part of a larger force conducting a movement to contact or a hasty attack.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-3):

STEP 1. Action on Enemy Contact.

a. The platoon initiates contact: The platoon leader directs when and how his base-of-fire element initiates contact with the enemy to establish a base of fire. This element must be briefed before it initiates contact. If the platoon has not been detected, the platoon performs Steps 1 and 2, which consist of positioning the supporting element and identifying the enemy's position.

b. The enemy initiates contact: The section in contact reacts to contact (Battle Drill 2A). The section in contact returns fire on the move and moves to covered and concealed positions. The squad dismounts to provide local security or add to the suppressive fires against the enemy.

c. The section not in contact takes up covered and concealed positions and orients its weapons on the enemy.

d. The platoon leader reports contact and assesses the situation.

STEP 2. Locate the Enemy.

a. The section leader of the section in contact (normally the platoon leader or the platoon sergeant) reports the enemy size and location, and any other information. The platoon leader completes the section leader's assessment of the situation.

b. The section in contact continues to engage the enemy's position.

STEP 3. Suppress the Enemy.

a. The platoon leader determines if the section in contact can suppress the enemy based on the volume and accuracy of the enemy fire.

b. If YES, he directs the section and squad to continue suppressing the enemy.

(1) The BFVs destroy or suppress enemy weapons that are firing most effectively against them, including vehicles and crew-served weapons.

(2) The platoon leader or FO calls for and adjusts, indirect fires (including smoke) to suppress and isolate the enemy position.

c. If NO, he deploys the other section to suppress the enemy position.

(1) The section not in contact provides supporting fires from its overwatch position.

(2) The section not in contact repositions to observe and provide supporting fires against the enemy.

(3) The squad dismounts to provide local security or add suppressive fires against the enemy.

d. The platoon leader again determines if the platoon can gain suppressive fire over the enemy.

e. If YES, he continues to suppress the enemy with the BFVs.

f. The platoon FO calls for and adjusts fires based on the platoon leader's directions. (The platoon leader does not wait for indirect fires before continuing with his actions.)

g. If still NO, the platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander. Normally the platoon will become the base-of-fire element for the company. The platoon continues to suppress or fix the enemy with direct and indirect fire, and responds to orders from the company commander.

STEP 4. Attack.

a. If the section in contact can suppress the enemy, the platoon leader determines if the section not in contact can maneuver. He makes the following assessment:

(1) Location of enemy position(s) and obstacles.

(2) Size of enemy force engaging the section. (The number of enemy automatic weapons, vehicles, and employment of indirect fires.) (The platoon leader must assess the type of enemy resistance.)

(a) Light resistance is resistance from an enemy squad-sized element or smaller that is not producing friendly casualties. The enemy force is equipped with or without an armored vehicle, in a hasty fighting position with no obstacles, and primarily using hand-held antiarmor weapons.

(b) Medium resistance is resistance from an enemy squad- to platoon-sized element that is producing light friendly casualties. The enemy defense is organized around the best defensible terrain with combined arms assets integrated.

(c) Heavy resistance fire is resistance from an enemy platoon-sized element or larger that is producing heavy friendly casualties. The enemy is defending a strongpoint with combined arms assets.

(3) Vulnerable flank.

(4) Covered and concealed flanking route to the enemy position.

b. If YES, the platoon leader maneuvers the section not in contact into the assault.

(1) Once the platoon leader has ensured that the base-of-fire section is in position and providing supporting fires, he leads or directs the assaulting section by the flanking route onto the enemy position.

(2) Once in position, the section leader gives the prearranged signal for the base-of-fire section to lift or shift direct fires to the opposite flank of the enemy position. The assaulting section must pick up and maintain suppressive fire throughout the assault. Hand over of responsibility for direct fires from the base-of-fire section to the assaulting section is critical to prevent fratricide from occurring.

(3) The platoon leader ensures that indirect fires are shifted to isolate the enemy position.

(4) The assaulting section fights through enemy positions to the far side. Then the squad dismounts to clear and secure the position using fire and maneuver.

(a) The squad leader determines the way in which he will move the elements of his squad based on the volume and accuracy of enemy fire against his squad and the amount of cover afforded by terrain. In all cases, each soldier uses individual movement techniques as appropriate.

(b) The squad leader designates one fire team to support the movement of the other fire team.

(c) The squad leader designates a distance or direction for the team to move. He accompanies one of the fire teams.

(d) Soldiers maintain contact with team members and leaders.

(e) Buddy teams time their firing and reloading in order to sustain their rate of fire.

(f) The moving fire team proceeds to the next position.

(g) Soldiers move inrushes or by crawling. (Normally, soldiers place weapons on SAFE before moving. However, they may elect to fire as they rush.)

(h) The squad leader directs the next team to move.

(i) If necessary, the team leader directs soldiers to bound foward as individuals within buddy teams. Soldiers coordinate their movement and fires with each other within the buddy team. They maintain contact with their team leader.

(j) Soldiers fire from covered positions. They select the next covered position before moving. They either rush forward (no more than 5 seconds), or use high or low crawl techniques based on terrain and enemy fires.

(k) Fire team leaders maintain contact with the squad leader and pass signals to learn members.

(5) The BFVs of the assaulting section continue to engage and destroy enemy vehicles and any soldiers attempting to withdraw or reinforce. (The base-of-fire section must be able to identify the near flank of the assaulting section and its squad.)

c. If NO, or the assaulting section cannot continue to move, the platoon leader deploys the sections to suppress the enemy and reports to the company commander. The platoon continues suppressing enemy positions and responds to the orders of the company commander.

STEP 5. Consolidate and Reorganize.

a. The platoon consolidates once it has seized the enemy position and the platoon leader has established local security. (The platoon must prepare to defeat any enemy counterattack. At the conclusion of the assault, the platoon is most vulnerable.)

(1) The platoon leader signals for the base-of-fire section to move up into a designated position.

(2) The platoon leader assigns sectors of fire for each BFV and squad.

(3) The platoon leader positions BFVs and key weapons to cover the most dangerous avenues of approach.

(4) Soldiers take up hasty defensive positions.

(5) The platoon leader and his FO develop an initial fire support plan.

(6) The squads place out OPs to warn of enemy counterattacks.

b. The platoon reorganizes to perform the following tasks (only after it has completed consolidation on the objective).

(1) Reestablish the chain of command.

(2) Treat casualties and evacuate wounded.

(3) Man crew-sewed weapons first.

(4) Redistribute and resupply ammunition.

(5) Redistribute critical equipment (radios, NBC, NVDs).

(6) Coordinate for resupply (platoon sergeant).

(7) Search, silence, segregate, safeguard, and speed EPWs to collection points.

(8) Collect and report enemy information and materiel.

c. Squad or section leaders provide ammunition, casualty, and equipment (ACE) reports to the platoon sergeant). (Bradley commanders additionally provide fuel status.)

d. The platoon sergeant consolidates the ACE reports, reviews his ACE report with the platoon leader, and passes it to the first sergeant (or XO).

e. The platoon continues the mission after receiving guidance from the company commander. The company follows the success of the section's flanking attack.

Battle Drill 2

REACT TO CONTACT (PLATOON OR SQUAD)

(DISMOUNTED)

SITUATION: The platoon or squad (dismounted element) receives fires from enemy individual or crew-served weapons. The dismounted element is operating within the supporting range of the BFVs.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-4.)

1. Soldiers immediately assume the nearest covered positions and return fire in the direction of contact.

2. Squad or team leaders locate and engage known or suspected enemy positions with well-aimed fire and pass information to the squad or platoon leader. The platoon leader reports contact to the company commander.

3. Fire team leaders control fire using standard fire commands (initial and supplemental) containing the elements of alert, direction, description of target, range, method of fire (manipulation and rate of fire), and command to commence firing.

4. Soldiers maintain contact (visual or oral) with the soldiers on their left and right.

5. Soldiers maintain contact with their team leaders and report the location of enemy positions.

6. Leaders (visually or orally) check the status of their personnel.

7. The squad or team leaders maintain visual contact with the platoon or squad leader.

8. The team leader leads his team by example: "Follow me; do as I do."

9. Leaders relay all commands and signals from the platoon chain of command.

10. The platoon sergeant positions the BFVs as necessary to observe and to provide supporting fires.

NOTE: Once the platoon has executed the React to Contact drill, the platoon leader makes a quick assessment of the situation (for example, enemy size, location). He decides on a course of action (Battle Drill 1, Platoon Attack (Dismounted) or Battle Drill 3, Break Contact (Dismounted). The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander.

Battle Drill 2A

REACT TO CONTACT (SECTION OR PLATOON)

(MOUNTED)

SITUATION: While mounted, the platoon receives fires from enemy individual or crew-served weapons (including light antiarmor weapons).

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-5.)

1. Vehicles of the section in contact immediately return fire in the direction of contact while moving out of the beaten zone. The section leader of the section in contact (if not the platoon leader) reports contact to the platoon leader.

2. All vehicles move to the nearest covered and concealed positions.

3. Upon reaching the covered and concealed position, the section in contact continues to engage the enemy with well-aimed fire using precision or battlesight fire command. The squad dismounts to provide local security and or add its suppressive fires against the enemy position.

4. Vehicles of the section not in contact orient their weapons in the direction of the enemy.

5. The platoon leader or platoon sergeant reports contact to the company commander.

NOTE: Once the platoon has executed the React to Contact drill, the platoon leader makes a quick assessment of the situation (for example, enemy size, location). He decides on a course of action (Battle Drill 1, Platoon Attack (Dismounted); Battle Drill 1A, Platoon Attack (Mounted)). The platoon leader may elect to bypass, if permitted by the company commander. The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander.

6. Bradley commanders maintain contact with each other (wingman concept).

7. Bradley commanders maintain contact with the platoon leader.

8. Bradley commanders relay all commands to mounted infantry teams.

Battle Drill 3

BREAK CONTACT (PLATOON OR SQUAD)

(DISMOUNTED)

SITUATION: The platoon or squad (dismounted element) is under enemy fire and must break contact. The dismounted element is operating within supporting range of the BFVs.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-6.)

1. The platoon leader gives the order to break contact.

2. The platoon leader directs the BFVs to support the disengagement of the dismounted element. (If the BFVs cannot support the disengagement of the dismounted element, the platoon leader directs one squad or fire team to suppress by fire to support the disengagement of the remainder of the element.

3. The platoon or squad leader orders a distance and direction, a terrain feature, or the last objective rally point for the movement of the first squad or fire team.

4. The base of fire (BFVs or squad or fire team) increases the rate of fire to suppress the enemy.

5. The maneuver element moves to assume the overwatch position. The maneuver element uses fragmentation, concussion, and smoke grenades to mask its movement.

6. The maneuver element takes up the designated position and engages the enemy position.

7. The platoon leader directs the initial base-of-fire element (BFVs or squad or fire team) to move to its next location. (Based on the terrain and the volume and accuracy of the enemy's fire, the maneuver squad or fire team may need to use fire and movement techniques.)

8. The platoon or squad continues to bound away from the enemy until (the platoon or squad must continue to suppress the enemy as it breaks contact)--

  • It breaks all contact.
  • It passes through a higher level base-of-fire position.
  • Its squads or fire teams are in the assigned position to conduct the next mission.

9. In the absence of a leader's instructions, the platoon or squad moves to the last designated rally point.

10. The platoon leader directs the BFVs to move to a rally point and link up with the dismounted element.

11. Section or squad leaders account for soldiers, report, reorganize as necessary and continue the mission.

12. The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander.

Battle Drill 3A

BREAK CONTACT (SECTION OR PLATOON)

(MOUNTED)

SITUATION: The platoon is mounted (except for security elements). It is under enemy fire and must break contact.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-7.)

1. The platoon leader gives the order to break contact.

2. The platoon leader directs one section to be the base-of-fire element to support the disengagement of the other section.

3. The platoon leader orders a distance and direction, a terrain feature, or last objective rally point for the moving section.

4. The base-of-fire section continues to engage the enemy. It attempts to gain suppressive fire long enough to support the bound of the moving element. (The platoon uses all available direct and indirect fires, including smoke to assist in disengaging.) The section leader controls fires using standard fire commands containing the alert, direction, description of target, range, method of fire, and command to commence firing.

5. The moving section's security element remounts.

6. The moving section continues to fire while moving to an overwatch position and continues to provide suppressive fires. Firing port weapons are manned and ready to fire.

7. The platoon leader directs the supporting section to move to its next location.

8. The platoon continues to bound away from the enemy until (the platoon must continue to suppress the enemy as it breaks contact)--

a. It breaks all contact.

b. It passes through a higher level base-of-fire position.

c. Its sections are in the assigned position to conduct the next mission.

9. In the absence of a leader's instructions, the platoon moves to the last designated rally point.

10. Section or squad leaders account for soldiers, report, reorganize as necessary, and continue the mission.

11. The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander.

Battle Drill 4

REACT TO AMBUSH (PLATOON OR SQUAD)

(DISMOUNTED)

SITUATION: If the platoon or squad (dismounted element), enters a kill zone, and the enemy initiates an ambush with a casualty-producing device and a high volume of fire, the squad or platoon takes the following actions.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-8.)

1. In a near ambush (within hand-grenade range), soldiers receiving fire immediately return fire; take up covered or assume prone positions; throw fragmentation, concussion, and smoke grenades.

a. Immediately after the grenades detonate, soldiers in the kill zone assault through the ambush using fire and movement.

b. BFVs and soldiers not in the kill zone immediately--

  • Identify enemy positions.
  • Initiate immediate suppressive fires against the enemy.
  • Shift fires as the soldiers in the kill zone assault through the ambush.

2. In a far ambush (beyond hand-grenade range), soldiers receiving fire immediately return fire, take up covered positions, and suppress the enemy by--

  • Destroying or suppressing enemy crew-served weapons.
  • Obscuring the enemy position with smoke (M203).
  • Sustaining suppressive fires.

a. Soldiers (squads or teams) not receiving fires move by a covered and concealed route to a vulnerable flank of the enemy position and assault using fire and movement techniques.

b. BFVs and soldiers in the kill zone continue suppressive tires and shift fires as the assaulting squad or team fights through the enemy position.

c. The platoon leader directs the vehicles to move to positions where they can place effective fires on the enemy or the platoon leader conducts a flank attack, if he determines that there are no antitank weapons in the ambush.

3. The platoon FO calls for and adjusts indirect fires as directed by the platoon leader. On order, he lifts fires or shifts them to isolate the enemy position or to attack them with indirect fires as they retreat.

4. The platoon or squad leader reports, reorganizes as necessary, and continues the mission.

Battle Drill 4A

REACT TO AMBUSH (PLATOON)

(MOUNTED)

SITUATION: If the platoon is mounted, enters a kill zone, and the enemy initiates an ambush with a light antiarmor weapon and a high volume of fire, the platoon takes the following actions.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-9.)

1. Vehicles in the section in the kill zone immediately return fire, while moving out of the kill zone or moving to covered positions within the kill zone and continue to fire on the ambush position with the highest possible volume of fire.

2. Soldiers in disabled vehicles in the kill zone dismount immediately, assume covered and concealed positions, and add their suppressive fires against the enemy.

3. The section in the kill zone gains suppressive fire.

a. Destroys or suppresses enemy weapons firing most effectively against the section.

b. Obscures the enemy position with smoke.

c. Sustains suppressive fires.

d. The section not in the kill zone moves by a covered and concealed route to a vulnerable flank of the enemy position and assaults across the enemy position mounted. (Battle Drill 1 or 1A.)

e. BFVs and soldiers in the kill zone continue suppressive fires and shift fires as the assaulting section fights through the enemy position.

4. The platoon leader calls for and adjusts indirect fires as directed by the platoon leader. On order, he lifts fires or shifts them to isolate the enemy position, or to attack them with indirect fires as they retreat.

5. The platoon leader reports, reorganizes as necessary, and continues the mission. (If the platoon cannot continue the assault, it breaks contact. See Battle Drill 3A, Break Contact [Mounted].)

Battle Drill 5

ENTER BUILDING/CLEAR ROOM/BUILDING

(PLATOON)

SITUATION: Operating as part of a larger force, the platoon is moving (mounted or dismounted) and is operating within supporting range of the BFVs when it receives fire from the enemy in a building.

NOTE: The discussion that follows assumes that the infantry squad is supported only by the platoon's organic weapons. The preferred method of entering a building is to use a tank main gun round, direct-fire artillery round, or TOW, Dragon, or Hellfire missile to clear the first room. Additionally, some MOUT situations may require precise application of firepower. This is true of a MOUT environment where the enemy is mixed with noncombatants. The presence of civilians can restrict the use of fires and reduce the combat power available to a platoon leader. His platoon may have to operate in "no fire" areas. Rules of engagement (ROE) can prohibit the use of certain weapons until a specific hostile action takes place. The use of hand grenades and suppressive fire to enter rooms may be prohibited to preclude noncombatant casualties and collateral damage. All leaders must be aware of the ROE. They must include the precise use of weapons in their planning for MOUT missions. This includes how the platoon will employ its organic weapons including snipers and other weapon systems it may have in support; for example, AC 130 or AH 64 aircraft. They must coordinate the use of marking systems to prevent casualties due to friendly fire. FM 90-10 and FM 90-10-1 provide additional techniques for platoons and squads in MOUT.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-10 and 3-11.)

1. The section or squad in contact reacts to contact.

2. The platoon gains suppressive fires.

a. The section or squad in contact establishes a base-of-fire position. If mounted, the squad dismounts, establishes local security, and adds its suppressive fires against the enemy. If dismounted, the platoon leader, his RATELO, platoon FO, and the other squad leader move forward to link up with the squad leader of the squad in contact.

b. The platoon sergeant repositions the BFVs, if necessary, to provide additional observation and supporting fires against the enemy.

3. The platoon leader determines that he can maneuver by identifying--

a. The building and any obstacles.

b. The size of the enemy force engaging the platoon.

c. An entry point. (Assaulting squad should enter the building at the highest level possible.)

d. A covered and concealed route to the entry point.

4. The base-of-fire element (the BFVs and the squad in contact)--

a. Destroys or suppresses enemy weapons that are firing the most effectively against the squad.

b. Obscures the enemy position with smoke (M203).

c. Sustains suppressive fires.

5. The platoon leader designates the entry point of the building and directs one squad to enter the building and secure a foothold.

6. The squad leader directs the fire team in contact to support the entry of the other fire team into the building.

7. If necessary, the base-of-fire team repositions to isolate the building as well as continue suppressive fires. (Normally, the platoon has added its supporting fires against the enemy.)

8. The squad leader designates the entry point of the building. The platoon and squad shift direct fires and continue to suppress the enemy in adjacent positions and to isolate the building. The platoon FO lifts indirect fires or shifts them beyond the building.

9. The squad leader and the assaulting fire team approach the building and position themselves at either side of the entrance. (Soldiers should avoid entering buildings through doors and windows, because they will normally be covered by enemy weapons inside the building.)

DANGER

COOK-OFF TRAINING WITH LIVE FRAGMENTATION HAND GRENADES IS PROHIBITED.

10. Allowing cook-off time (two seconds maximum), and shouting FRAG OUT, the lead soldier of the assaulting fire team prepares and throws a grenade into the building.

DANGER

IF WALLS AND FLOORS ARE THIN, THEY DO NOT PROVIDE PROTECTION FROM HAND GRENADE FRAGMENTS.

11. After the explosion, the next soldier enters the building and positions himself to the right (left) of the entrance, up against the wall, engages all identified or likely enemy positions with rapid, short bursts of automatic fire, and scans the room. The rest of the team provides immediate security outside the building.

a. The size and shape of the room may cause the soldier entering the room to move to the left or right. The first soldier in the room decides where the next man should position himself and gives the command NEXT MAN IN, LEFT (or RIGHT). The next man shouts COMING IN, LEFT (RIGHT), enters the building, positions himself to the left of the entrance, up against the wall, and scans the room. Once in position, he shouts NEXT MAN IN (RIGHT or LEFT).

b. Depending on the enemy's situation, the size of the entry and the training of the squad, two soldiers can enter the room simultaneously after the grenade detonates. The soldier from the right side of the entry enters, fires from left to right, and moves to right with his back to the wall. At the same time, the soldier on the left enters from the left, fires from right to left, and moves to the left with his back to the wall. One soldier goes high, the other low, to prevent firing at one another. This method puts more firepower in the room more quickly, but is more difficult and requires more practice. When both soldiers are in position, the senior soldier gives the command NEXT MAN IN (RIGHT or LEFT).

12. The assaulting fire team leader shouts COMING IN (RIGHT or LEFT), enters the building initially moving left or right and against the wall, and positions himself where he can control the actions of his team. He does not block the entrance way. He makes a quick assessment of the size and shape of the room, and begins to clear the room. He determines if the remaining man in his team is required to assist in clearing the room.

a. If the team leader decides to bring the last man in, he shouts NEXT MAN IN LEFT (or RIGHT). The last man in the fire team shouts COMING IN LEFT (or RIGHT), enters the building and begins to clear through the room.

b. If the team leader decides not to bring the last man in, he shouts NEXT MAN, STAND FAST. The last man remains outside the building and provides security from there. The team leader then directs the soldier on the right of the entrance to begin clearing. The team leader reports to the squad leader and then assumes the duties of the soldier on the right of the entrance to provide support.

DANGER

WHILE CLEARING ROOMS, SOLDIERS MUST BE ALERT FOR TRIP WIRES AND BOOBY TRAPS. THEY SHOULD NOT EXPOSE THEMSELVES THROUGH OPEN WINDOWS OR DOORS.

13. Once the room is cleared, the team leader signals to the squad leader that the room is cleared.

14. The squad leader enters the building and marks the entry point in accordance with the platoon SOP. The squad leader determines whether or not his squad can continue to clear rooms and still maintain suppressive fires outside the building. Normally, it takes a platoon to clear a building.

15. The squad leader and assault fire team move to the entrance of the next room to be cleared and position themselves on either side of the entrance. The squad enters and clears all subsequent rooms by repeating the actions discussed in paragraphs 8 through 12, above.

16. The squad leader directs the team to continue and clear the next room. The squad leader rotates fire teams as necessary to keep the soldiers alert, to equitably distribute the dangerous duties, and to continue the momentum of the attack.

17. The squad leader follows the fire team that is clearing to ensure that cleared rooms are properly marked in accordance with the platoon SOP.

18. The squad leader assesses the situation to determine if he can continue clearing the building. He reports the situation to the platoon leader. The platoon follows the success of the entry into the building.

19. The squad consolidates its position in the building and then reorganizes as necessary. Leaders redistribute ammunition.

NOTE: Normally the platoons will suppress enemy in buildings with the BFVs.

20. The platoon leader moves into the building with the trail fire team of the squad that entered the building and directs the squad to continue to clear the building or calls for the other squad to move into the building and begin clearing rooms systematically. The platoon clears the building by repeating the actions discussed in paragraphs 8 through 12 above to clear all subsequent rooms.

21. The platoon leader rotates squads as necessary to keep his men fresh and to maintain the momentum of the action.

22. The base-of-fire element--

a. Repositions, if necessary, to continue to isolate and suppress the building from the outside.

b. Ensures that all friendly forces enter the building only through the designated entry point.

23. The platoon sergeant calls forward ammunition resupply and organizes teams to move it forward into the building.

24. The platoon leader reports to the company commander that his platoon has cleared the building or that he is no longer able to continue clearing.

Battle Drill 6

ENTER/CLEAR A TRENCH (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon is attacking as part of a larger force and identifies enemy in a trench line. The platoon deploys and establishes a base of fire. The platoon leader determines that he has sufficient combat power to maneuver and assault the trench line.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-12, 3-13, and 3-14.)

1. The platoon leader directs one squad to enter the trench and secure a foothold.

2. The platoon leader designates the entry point of the trench line and the direction of movement once the platoon begins clearing.

3. The platoon sergeant positions BFVs to suppress the trench and isolate the entry point.

4. The assaulting squad executes actions to enter the trench and establish a foothold. The squad leader directs one fire team to assault and one fire team to support by fire initially, then follow and support the assaulting fire team. He designates the entry point of the trench line.

a. The squad leader and the assault fire team move to the last covered and concealed position short of the entry point.

(1) The squad leader marks the entry point.

(2) The base-of-fire element (BFVs and one squad) shifts direct fires away from the entry point and continues to suppress adjacent enemy positions or isolate the trench as required.

(3) The assault fire team leader and the automatic rifleman remain in a position short of the trench to add suppressive fires for the initial entry.

(4) The squad leader takes the two remaining soldiers of the assault fire team (antiarmor specialist and automatic rifleman) and continues toward the entry point. They move in rushes or by crawling.

(5) The squad leader positions himself where he can best control his teams.

b. The first two soldiers (antiarmor specialist and automatic rifleman) of the assault fire team move to the edge of the trench; parallel to the trench and on their backs; on the squad leader's command, cook-off grenades (two seconds maximum), shout FRAG OUT, and throw the grenades into the trench.

(1) After ensuring that both grenades detonate, the soldiers roll into the trench, landing on their feet, and back-to-back. They fire their weapons down the trench in opposite directions. Immediately, both soldiers move in opposite directions down the trench, continuing to fire three-round bursts. Each soldier continues until he reaches the first corner or intersection. Both soldiers halt and take up positions to block any enemy movement toward the entry point.

(2) At the same time, the squad leader rolls into the trench and secures the entry point.

(3) Upon detonation of the grenades, the assault fire team leader and the automatic rifleman immediately move to the entry point and enter the trench. The squad leader directs them to one of the secured corners or intersections to relieve the antiarmor specialist or automatic rifleman who then rejoins his buddy team at the opposite end of the foothold.

c. The squad leader remains at the entry point and marks it.

d. The squad leader reports to the platoon leader that he has entered the trench and secured a foothold. The platoon follows the success of the seizure of the foothold with the remainder of the platoon as part of the platoon actions to clear a trench line.

e. The squad reorganizes as necessary. Leaders redistribute ammunition.

5. The platoon leader directs the squad that is a part of the base-of-fire element to move into the trench and begin clearing it in the direction of movement from the foothold.

6. The base-of-fire element repositions as necessary to continue suppressive fires.

7. The platoon leader moves into the trench with the assaulting squad.

8. The assaulting squad passes the squad that has secured the foothold and executes actions to take the lead and clear the trench.

a. The squad leader designates a lead fire team and a trail fire team.

b. The lead fire team and the squad leader move to the forward-most secure corner or intersection. The squad leader tells the team securing that corner or intersection that his squad is ready to continue clearing the trench. The trail fire team follows maintaining visual contact with the last soldier of the lead team.

NOTE: Throughout this technique, the team leader positions himself at the rear of the fire team to have direct control (physically, if necessary) of his soldiers. Other soldiers in the fire team rotate the lead. Soldiers rotate the lead to change magazines and prepare grenades. Rotating the lead provides constant suppressive fires down the trench and maintains the momentum of the attack as the squad clears the trench.

c. The lead fire team passes the element securing the foothold.

(1) The lead soldier of the fire team moves abreast of the soldier securing the corner or intersection, taps him, and announces TAKING THE LEAD.

(2) The soldier securing the corner or intersection acknowledges that he is handing over the lead by shouting OKAY. He allows the fire team to pass him.

d. The lead fire team starts clearing in the direction of movement. They arrive at a corner or intersection.

(1) Allowing for cook-off (two seconds maximum) and shouting FRAG OUT, the second soldier prepares and throws a grenade around the corner.

(2) Upon detonation of the grenade, the lead soldier moves around the corner firing three-round bursts and advancing as he fires. The entire fire team follows him to the next corner or intersection.

e. The squad leader--

(1) Follows immediately behind the lead team.

(2) Ensures that the trailing fire team moves up and is ready to pass the lead at his direction.

(3) Rotates fire teams as necessary to keep his soldiers alert and to maintain the momentum of the attack.

(4) Requests indirect fires, if necessary, through the platoon leader. (The squad leader also directs the employment of the M203 to provide immediate suppression against positions along the trench line.)

DANGER

THE FIRE TEAMS MUST MAINTAIN SUFFICIENT INTERVAL TO PREVENT THEM FROM BEING ENGAGED BY THE SAME ENEMY FIRES.

f. At each corner or intersection, the lead fire team performs the same actions described above (paragraph d).

g. If the lead soldier finds that he is nearly out of ammunition before reaching a corner or intersection, he announces AMMO.

(1) Immediately, the lead soldier stops and moves against one side of the trench, ready to let the rest of the team pass. He continues to aim his weapon down the trench in the direction of movement.

(2) The next soldier ensures that he has a full magazine, moves up abreast of the lead soldier, taps him and announces TAKING THE LEAD.

(3) The lead soldier acknowledges that he is handing over the lead by shouting OKAY, positions rotate, and the squad continues forward.

h. The trailing fire team secures intersections and marks the route within the trench as the squad moves forward. The trailing fire team leader ensures that follow-on squads relieve his buddy teams to maintain security.

i. The squad leader reports the progress of the clearing operation. (The base-of-fire element must be able to identify the location of the lead fire team in the trench at all times.)

9. The platoon leader rotates squads to keep soldiers alert and to maintain the momentum of the assault.

10. The platoon sergeant calls forward ammunition resupply and organizes teams to move it forward into the trench.

11. The base-of-fire element ensures that all friendly forces move into the trench ONLY through the designated entry point. (All movement must be made in the trench to avoid fratricide.)

12. The platoon leader reports to the company commander that the trench line is secured, or that he is no longer able to continue clearing.

Battle Drill 7

KNOCK OUT BUNKERS (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon receives fire from enemy in bunkers while moving (mounted or dismounted) as a part of a larger force and dismounted element is required to clear the bunkers.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-15 and 3-16.)

1. The section or squad in contact reacts to contact.

2. The platoon gains suppressive fires.

a. The section or squad in contact establishes a base of fire.

b. If mounted, the squad dismounts, establishes local security, and adds its suppressive fires against the enemy. The platoon leader, his RATELO, and platoon FO, dismount and if not the lead section, move forward with the other squad leader and link up with the squad leader of the lead squad. If dismounted, the platoon leader, his RATELO, platoon FO, and the squad leader of the other squad move forward to link up with the lead squad leader.

c. The platoon sergeant repositions the mounted element, if necessary, to provide additional observation and base of fire.

d. The base-of-fire element (the BFVs and the squad in contact)--

(1) Destroys or suppresses enemy crew-served weapons first.

(2) Obscures the enemy position with smoke (M203).

(3) Sustains suppressive fires.

e. The platoon FO calls for and adjusts indirect fires as directed by the platoon leader.

3. The platoon leader determines that he can maneuver by identifying--

a. The enemy bunkers, other supporting positions, and any obstacles.

b. The size of the enemy force engaging the platoon. (The number of enemy automatic weapons, the presence of any vehicles, and the employment of indirect fires are indicators of enemy strength.)

c. A vulnerable flank of at least one bunker.

d. A covered and concealed flanking route to the flank of the bunker

4. The platoon leader determines which bunker is to be assaulted first and directs the squad not in contact to knock it out.

a. The platoon FO shifts indirect fires to isolate enemy positions.

b. On the platoon leader's signal, the base-of-fire element lifts fires or shifts fires to the opposite side of the bunker from which the squad is assaulting.

5. The assaulting squad, with the platoon leader and his RATELO, move along the covered and concealed route and take action to knock out the bunker.

a. The squad leader moves with the assaulting fire team along the covered and concealed route to the flank of the bunker.

(1) The assaulting fire team approaches the bunker from its blind side and does not mask the fires of the base-of-fire element.

(2) Soldiers constantly watch for other bunkers or enemy positions in support of it.

b. Upon reaching the last covered and concealed position--

(1) The fire team leader and the automatic rifleman remain in place and add their fires to suppressing the bunker (includes the use of LAW or AT4s).

(2) The squad leader positions himself, where he can best control his teams. On the squad leader's signal, the base-of-fire element lifts fires or shifts fires to the opposite side of the bunker from the assaulting fire team's approach.

(3) The squad leader continues forward with the automatic rifleman and antiarmor specialist to the blind side of the bunker. One soldier takes up a covered position near the exit, while one soldier cooks off (two seconds maximum) a grenade, shouts FRAG OUT, and throws it through an aperture.

(4) After the grenade detonates, the soldier covering the exit enters the bunker, firing short bursts, to destroy the enemy. The soldier who throws the grenade should not be the first one to clear the bunker.

c. The squad leader inspects the bunker to ensure that it has been destroyed. He reports, reorganizes as needed, and continues the mission. The platoon follows the success of the attack against the bunker and continues the attack of other bunkers.

6. The platoon leader repositions the base-of-fire element as necessary to continue to isolate and suppress the remaining bunkers and to maintain suppressive fires.

7. The platoon leader either redesignates the squad that is part of the base-of-fire to move up and knock out the next bunker; or, he directs the assaulting squad to continue and knock out the next bunker.

NOTE: The platoon leader must consider the condition of his assaulting squad (ammunition and exhaustion) and rotate squads as necessary.

8. The assaulting squad takes action to knock out the next bunker (see paragraph 5, above).

9. The platoon leader reports, reorganizes as necessary, and continues the mission. The company follows up the success of the platoon attack and continues to assault enemy positions.

Battle Drill 8

CONDUCT INITIAL BREACH OF A MINED WIRE

OBSTACLE (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon is operating as part of a larger force (mounted or dismounted). The lead section or squad identifies a wire obstacle, reinforced with mines, that cannot be bypassed. The enemy begins to engage the platoon from positions on the far side of the obstacle.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-17.)

1. The section/squad in contact reacts to contact.

2. The platoon gains suppressive fires. The section/squad in contact establishes a base-of-fire position. The platoon leader, his RATELO, platoon FO, and the squad leader of the other squad move forward to link up with the squad leader of the squad in contact.

3. The platoon sergeant repositions the BFVs, if necessary, to provide additional observation and supporting fires.

4. The platoon leader determines that he can maneuver by identifying--

a. The obstacle and enemy positions covering it by fire.

b. The size of the enemy force engaging the section or squad. (The number of enemy automatic weapons, the presence of any vehicles, and the employment of indirect fires are indicators of enemy strength.)

c. A breach point.

d. A covered and concealed route to the breach point.

5. The platoon leader directs the BFVs and the lead squad to support the movement of the other squad to the breach point. He indicates the enemy positions to be suppressed, and the route that the rest of the platoon will take to the breach point. He also gives instructions for lifting and shifting fires.

6. On the platoon leader's signal, the base-of-fire element--

a. Destroys or suppresses enemy crew-served weapons.

b. Obscures the enemy position with smoke (M203).

c. Sustains suppressive fires at the lowest level possible.

7. The platoon leader then directs the squad leader to designate the breach point and lead the breach squad along the covered and concealed route to the breach point.

8. The platoon FO calls for and adjusts indirect fires as directed by the platoon leader.

9. The breach squad executes actions to breach the obstacle (footpath).

a. The squad leader directs one fire team to support the movement of the other fire team to the breach point.

b. The squad leader identifies the breach point.

c. The base-of-fire element continues to provide suppressive fires and isolates the breach point.

d. The breaching fire team, with the squad leader, moves to the breach point using the covered and concealed route.

(1) The squad leader and breaching fire team leader employ smoke grenades to obscure the breach point. The platoon base-of-fire element shifts direct fires away from the breach point and continues to suppress key enemy positions. The platoon FO lifts indirect fires or shifts them beyond the obstacle.

(2) The breaching fire team leader positions himself and the automatic rifleman on one flank of the breach point to provide close-in security.

(3) Under the direction of the squad leader, the antiarmor specialist and automatic rifleman of the breaching fire team probe for mines, and cut the wire obstacle, marking their path as they proceed.

(4) Once the obstacle has been breached, the breaching fire team leader and the automatic rifleman move to the far side of the obstacle and take up covered and concealed positions. They signal to the squad leader when they are in position and ready to support.

e. The squad leader signals the base-of-fire team leader to move his fire team up and through the breach. He then moves through the obstacle and joins the breaching fire team leader and the automatic rifleman, leaving the antiarmor specialist and automatic rifleman on the near side of the breach to guide the rest of the squad (and platoon) through.

f. Using the same covered and concealed route as the breaching fire team, the base-of-fire team moves through the breach and takes up covered and concealed positions on the far side.

10. The breach squad leader reports the situation to the platoon leader and posts guides at the breach point.

11. The platoon leader redesignates the base-of-fire squad as the assault squad once the breach has been made. (Normally, it follows the covered and concealed route of the breach squad.)

12. The platoon leader then leads the assault squad along the covered and concealed route through the breach in the obstacle and positions it on the far side to support the movement of the remainder of the platoon or assaults the enemy position covering the obstacle.

13. The breaching squad continues to widen the breach to allow vehicles to pass through.

14. The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander and directs his breaching squad to move up and through the obstacle. The platoon leader leaves guides to guide the company through the breach point.

15. The platoon sergeant brings the mounted element forward and through the breach on the platoon leader's command.

16. The company follows up the success of the platoon as it conducts the breach and continues the assault against the enemy positions.

Section II

CREW DRILLS

A crew drill is a collective action that the crew of a weapon or piece of equipment must perform to successfully use the weapon or equipment in combat or to preserve life. This action is a trained response to a given stimulus such as a simple leader's order or the status of the weapon or equipment. It requires minimal leader orders to accomplish and is standard throughout the Army.

Crew Drill 1

BAIL OUT (CREW/FIRE TEAM)

SITUATION: The BFV, with a fire team mounted, has received hostile fire requiring the crew and fire team to evacuate the vehicle.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Bailout procedures for the BFV crew.

a. Bradley commander:

(1) Alerts soldiers by the intercommunications system or by voice command if the intercommuniations system does not work. Commands BAIL OUT.

NOTE: As soldiers bail out they should use the BFV for covert from enemy fires.

(2) Turns the turret power switch to OFF.

(3) Evacuates the vehicle through the BC's hatch.

b. Gunner: Evacuates the vehicle through the hatch.

c. Driver:

(1) Stops the vehicle.

(2) Shuts down the vehicle by pulling out the fuel control handle.

(3) Lowers the ramp.

(4) Disconnects the CVC helmet and unfastens the seat belt.

(5) Secures his weapon.

(6) Turns the master-power switch to OFF.

(7) Evacuates the vehicle through the driver's hatch, if possible. If the driver cannot evacuate through the driver's hatch, he exits through the ramp door.

2. Bailout procedures for the troop compartment and fire team members.

a. Squad leader or fire team leader:

(1) Announces BAIL OUT.

(2) Pulls the quick disconnect to release the CVC helmet or headsets.

(3) Disconnects the seat belt.

(4) Secures his weapon.

(5) Evacuates the vehicle through the ramp or ramp door.

b. Fire team members:

(1) Disconnect the seat belts.

(2) Secure their weapons.

(3) Evacuate the vehicle through the ramp door or the cargo hatch. The fire team member in the No. 4 seat attempts to evacuate through the driver's hatch.

3. Senior man accounts for soldiers and equipment.

Crew Drill 2

EVACUATE INJURED PERSONNEL FROM A BFV

SITUATION: A crew member or fire team member has been injured.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

Evacuate BC or Gunner

Evacuation of gunner through the hatch. (If BC is the casualty, the gunner will perform the same actions.)

1. Bradley Commander: Commands EVACUATE THE GUNNER.

2. Driver: Moves to the nearest covered position and halts the vehicle.

3. Bradley Commander:

a. Attempts to rotate the turret to the 6400-mil position.

b. Engages the turret travel lock.

c. Sets the turret drive system switch to OFF.

4. No. 6 and No. 7 Fire Team Members: Exit the vehicle through the ramp access door, the ramp, or if necessary the cargo hatch, and move to the outside of the turret to assist in removing the injured gunner or BC.

5. Bradley Commander: Places the gunner in position for removal from the vehicle. Adjusts the seat to the raised position, being careful not to cause further injury. Unfastens the seat belt.

6. Fire Team Members:

a. Place a pistol belt around the gunner's chest and slowly pull the gunner out. Move the gunner to the front edge of the vehicle. If the gunner and BC are wearing lightweight jumpsuits, grasp the straps on the back of the suit and pull the gunner or BC out of the vehicle.

b. Lower the gunner or BC from the vehicle to the two fire team members on the ground.

c. Place the gunner or BC on the ground and administer first aid. If the gunner cannot be evacuated through the hatches, evacuate through the turret shield door.

7. Bradley Commander: Commands EVACUATE THE GUNNER.

8. Driver: Moves to the nearest covered position and halts the vehicle.

9. Bradley Commander:

a. Rotates the turret to the 6400-mil position.

b. Engages the turret travel lock.

c. Sets the turret drive system switch to OFF.

d. Places the gunner in position for removal from the vehicle, without causing further injury.

10. No. 4 Fire Team Member:

a. Opens the turret shield door, grasps the gunner under the armpits, and pulls him out of the turret.

b. Carries the gunner to a flat surface and administers first aid.

Evacuate Driver

11. Bradley Commander: Commands EVACUATE THE DRIVER.

NOTE: If the driver is unable to halt the vehicle, a fire team member must move forward, behind the driver's seat, and pull the fuel shutoff handle to stop the engine.

12. Gunner:

a. Ensures the turret exposes the driver's hatch.

b. Engages the turret travel lock.

c. Sets the turret drive system switch to the OFF position.

13. Bradley Commander:

a. Exits the vehicle.

b. Releases the trim vane.

NOTE: The M2A2 BFV does not have a trim vane attached to the vehicle's front slope. The BC must determine the urgency to evacuate the driver and treat the driver's wounds before deciding to install the work platform.

14. Fire Team Members:

a. Move forward behind the driver and lowers the backrest of the driver's seat, using the backrest release handle on the right side just beneath the backrest, lowers the driver's seat backrest.

b. Assist the BC in removing the driver from the vehicle.

15. Bradley Commander:

a. Opens the driver's hatch.

NOTES:

1. If the driver's hatch is damaged and will not open, the fire team member pulls the driver back into the troop compartment.

2. The BC's duties can be performed by the gunner.

b. Disconnects the CVC helmet and the safety belt.

c. Crosses the driver's arms over his chest. (If this is not possible, wraps a belt around the driver's chest to raise him.)

d. Pulls the driver out of the vehicle and hands him to the fire team member on the ground.

16. Fire Team Members:

a. Assist the BC in pulling the driver from the vehicle.

b. Two fire team members dismount to the left front of the vehicle to assist by taking the driver from the BC. They lay him on the ground and administer first aid.

c. One fire team member remains in the vehicle and assists in the removal of the driver by untangling his legs as necessary.

Evacuate Fire Team Member

17. Fire Team Leader: Informs the BC that a fire team member is injured.

18. Bradley Commander: Commands EVACUATE FIRE TEAM MEMBER.

19. Driver: Moves to the nearest covered position, halts the vehicle, and lowers the ramp.

NOTE: Depending on which fire team member is injured, the fire team leader designates which member will assist in evacuating the casualty. If the fire team leader is injured, then the next senior man in the fire team takes charge.

20. Fire Team Members: Two fire team members remove the injured member, lay him on the ground, and perform first aid, as needed.

Crew Drill 3

EXTINGUISH A FIRE (CREW)

SITUATION: Upon automatic or manual discharge of the fire suppression system. The BFV crew and fire team are mounted. The BC alerts personnel of a fire.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Extinguish a fire in the engine compartment.

a. Bradley Commander:

(1) Alerts the soldiers of an engine compartment fire by the intercommunications system or by voice command if the intercommunications system does not work. Commands FIRE, ENGINE COMPARTMENT. Rotates the turret to 6400 mils.

DANGER

FAILURE TO PLACE THE TURRET AT 6400 MILS MAY PREVENT THE CARGO HATCH FROM FULLY OPENING. IF THE RAMP OR RAMP ACCESS DOOR FAILS, THE SOLDIER COULD BE TRAPPED INSIDE THE TROOP COMPARTMENT.

(2) Turns the turret power switch to OFF.

b. Driver:

(1) Stops the vehicle.

(2) Shuts down the engine by pulling out the fuel control handle.

(3) Discharges the Halon bottle by rotating the release valve inside the driver's compartment if it has not been automatically discharged.

(4) Lowers the ramp (TM 9-2350-252-10-1 or TM 9-2350-284-10-1).

(5) Turns the master power switch to OFF.

(6) Disconnects the CVC helmet and unfastens the seat belt.

(7) Secures his weapon.

(8) Evacuates the vehicle through the driver's hatch, if possible. If the driver is unable to evacuate through the driver's hatch, he exits through the ramp.

c. Fire Team Members:

(1) Disconnect the seat belts.

(2) Squad leader or fire team leader pulls the quick disconnect to release the CVC helmets or headsets.

(3) Secure their weapons.

(4) The fire team members in the No. 5 and 9 seats secure the rear portable fire extinguishers.

(5) Evacuates the vehicle through the ramp.

d. Bradley Commander: Evacuates the vehicle through the BC's hatch.

e. Gunner: Evacuates the vehicle through the gunner's hatch.

NOTE: If the fire is not extinguished, the portable fire extinguishers must be used.

2. Extinguish a fire in the troop compartment.

a. Squad Leader or Fire Team Leader: Alerts the BC of a troop compartment fire by intercommunications system or by voice command if the intercommunications system does not work. Announces FIRE, TROOP COMPARTMENT.

b. Bradley Commander: Turns the turret power to OFF, and evacuates the vehicle through the BC's hatch.

c. Gunner: Evacuates the vehicle through the gunner's hatch.

d. Driver:

(1) Stops the engine.

(2) Shuts down the vehicle and pulls out the fuel control handle.

(3) Lowers the ramp.

(4) Turns the master power switch to OFF.

(5) Pulls the quick disconnect to release the CVC helmet and seat belt.

(6) Unfastens his seat belt.

(7) Secures his weapon.

(8) Evacuates the vehicle through the driver's hatch.

e. Fire Team Members:

(1) Unfasten the seat belts.

(2) The squad or fire team leader pulls the quick disconnect to release the CVC helmets and headsets.

(3) Secures their weapons.

(4) The fire team members in the No. 5 and 9 seats secure the portable fire extinguishers.

(5) Evacuate the vehicle through the ramp.

(6) The fire team member in the No. 9 seat pulls the handle to activate the troop-area fire extinguishers from the outside.

NOTE: If the fire is not extinguished, the portable fire extinguishers are used.

Crew Drill 4

DISMOUNT THE VEHICLE (PLATOON/SQUAD)

SITUATION: The platoon/squad is mounted and must dismount. The platoon leader orders the platoon/section to prepare to dismount.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-18.)

1. The platoon leader selects the dismount point.

2. The platoon leader orders personnel to dismount.

a. Gives the warning PREPARE TO DISMOUNT.

b. Designates dismounted platoon's weapons composition; for example, "No Dragons" or "Heavy on AT4s."

c. Gives dismount instructions for each vehicle; for example, "Right" (left), distance "Fifty meters," and any identifying terrain feature "Backside of hill."

3. Squad/team leader(s) monitors commands and dismount. He then alerts the soldiers in the troop compartment.

4. The drivers move the vehicles to the designated dismount point and orient the front of the vehicle toward the enemy.

5. The gunners orient the turret to provide overwatching support and supporting fire, if necessary.

6. The platoon leader gives the command DISMOUNT.

7. Fire team members take the M231 FPWs out of the ramp and secure them in the vehicle.

8. The drivers stop the vehicle and lower the ramp or the BC orders the ramp access door opened.

9. The fire team members dismount in the specified order and then move to covered and concealed positions (about 5 meters apart). The fire team then links up with the squads and continues with the rest of the mission. The squad leader establishes contact with the platoon leader.

10. The mounted element occupies covered positions and overwatches the dismounted element with the appropriate weapon.

11. Platoon/squad leader reports to higher headquarters.

12. All squad members search for enemy positions and respond to orders.

13. Squad and fire team leaders position or reposition squad members (if needed).

14. Section leaders reposition the vehicles, as required.

Crew Drill 5

MOUNT THE VEHICLE (PLATOON/SECTION)

SITUATION: The squads are dismounted and must remount the vehicle. The platoon/squad leader orders the platoon to mount their vehicles.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figure 3-19.)

1. The platoon/squad leader(s) gives the order or signal to the squads to mount their BFVs, and designates a mount point.

  • Warning: PREPARE TO MOUNT.

2. Both elements (mounted and dismounted) move to the mount point using covered and concealed routes.

3. The vehicle crew, using the appropriate weapons, overwatches primary enemy avenues of approach and provides supporting fire and smoke, if necessary.

  • The BC orders the driver to lower the ramp, or the fire team to enter through the ramp access door.

4. The platoon/squad leader orders MOUNT. (The order to mount may come with clarifying instructions; for example, "1st Squad, provide a base of fire until 2d Squad is mounted.")

5. Each squad/team mounts in the order specified. The squad leader designates which fire team mounts first; for example, Team A mount first, Team B provide overwatching fires.

6. Soldiers remount the vehicle in reverse sequence of dismount.

7. The platoon leader/BC prepares for mounted operations.

a. Each team leader accounts for all personnel and equipment in the BFV, and reports to the BC. Announces, ALL UP.

b. The platoon leader designates a direction of movement, formation, and movement technique from the mount point.

c. The platoon leader establishes visual or radio contact with the other BCs.

d. The team leader ensures the dismounted weapons are on SAFE once the soldiers have mounted.

e. The BC orders the driver to raise the ramp or the fire team to close the ramp access door. The fire team members in the No. 5 and 6 seats install their FPWs.

8. The platoon leader reports to the company commander.

CREW DRILL 6

CHANGE FORMATION (MOUNTED) (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon is moving and must change formation. The platoon leader gives arm-and-hand signal, flag signal, or radio for change of formation.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-20 through 3-35.)

1. The platoon leader directs the formation change by giving the standard arm-and-hand signals, flag signals, or by radio.

2. The BCs relay arm-and-hand or flag signals.

3. The BCs direct drivers into position in the new formation. The driver maintains the position in the formation based on the platoon leader and wingmen.

4. The BCs traverse the main weapons toward likely enemy positions or assigned sectors and instruct the gunners to scan for targets in their sectors. The BCs give the gunners the limits of their sectors using the turret position indicator (for example, scan from 12 to 2).

Crew Drill 7

SECURE AT THE HALT (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon is moving and must halt.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-36 through 3-39.)

1. The platoon leader gives the arm-and-hand signals for herringbone or coil formation.

2. The platoon halts in the herringbone or coil formation.

3. Each BC ensures his vehicle is correctly positioned, using cover and concealment.

4. The gunner orients his turret and raises the TOW launcher and observes his sector of fire.

5. The platoon leader orders the squads to dismount and provide local security. (Dismount IAW with the task, Dismount the Vehicle.)

6. The fire team occupies a hasty fighting position as designated by the team leader in the vicinity of their respective BFV. The squad leader contacts the team leader and adjusts security positions as necessary.

7. Soldiers continue to observe designated sectors.

Crew Drill 8

EXECUTE ACTION RIGHT OR LEFT (PLATOON)

SITUATION: The platoon is moving and must execute action right or left.

REQUIRED ACTIONS: (Figures 3-40 through 3-45.)

1. The platoon leader signals action right or left using arm-and-hand, flags, or radio.

2. The drivers immediately execute a turn in the direction indicated while moving into a line formation.

  • The platoon sergeant orients his vehicle on the platoon leader's vehicle.
  • Wingmen orient their BFVs on the section leader's vehicles.

3. The platoon leader orders the BCs to seek covered positions for their vehicles or have them continue to move in the direction indicated.

4. The BCs orient the main weapons toward the enemy, and the BCs and gunners search for targets.

5. The platoon leader determines if it is necessary to dismount the infantry.

6. The platoon leader reports the situation to the company commander, if necessary.

Crew Drill 9

LOAD THE 25-MM AMMUNITION READY BOX (HE or AP)

SITUATION: During initial loading or when the low ammunition light comes on. Given a BFV with the ramp up, master power is ON, with 300 rounds of 25-mm ammunition in 30-round boxes stored in accordance with the load plan (25-mm HE or AP).

DANGER

HANDLE AMMUNITION WITH CARE. DO NOT BUMP PRIMERS AGAINST ANY HARD SURFACE. IF A CARTRIDGE EXPLODES, SOLDIERS COULD BE KILLED OR HURT.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

Load the 25-mm HE Ammunition

1. Gunner: Moves the turret to HE load (2150 mils), announces when he has set the turret travel lock.

DANGER

BC MUST TURN OFF THE TURRET DRIVE SYSTEM BEFORE THE TURRET SHIELD DOOR IS OPENED. SOLDIERS COULD BE KILLED OR HURT.

2. Bradley Commander:

a. Instructs the driver to lower the ramp. BC announces, UPLOAD HE READY BOX.

b. Sets the turret drive switch to the OFF position.

NOTE: In the absence of a fire team member, the BC performs the following duties.

3. Fire Team Member: The fire team member sitting in the No. 9 seat performs the duties of the loader.

a. Opens the turret shield door.

b. Opens and removes the door from the HE ammunition can.

c. Stows squad seats and removes the floor plates.

d. Prepares the HE ammunition for loading.

CAUTION

Rounds not aligned properly can cause jamming in the 25-mm ammunition can and chutes. Rounds must be aligned at the tips. Severe damage to the feeding system could result if the ammunition is not aligned.

(1) Unstows the HE ammunition.

(2) Conducts a quick visual inspection to ensure it is serviceable, clean, and aligned.

CAUTION

Links may be damaged if rounds are not removed correctly. If a round does not release from a link, stop pulling on the round. To free a round from a link, twist and pull up on the round at the same time. Bent links can jam the feeder.

(3) If loading an empty can, joins 15-round ammunition belts and loads 30 rounds at a time until there are 230 rounds loaded into the HE ammunition-ready can.

CAUTION

The end of the ammunition belt with the double links always goes in the ammunition can first. The end of the ammunition belt with the empty single link goes in last. If the ammunition is not loaded correctly, ammunition will bind in the chutes and damage the equipment.

NOTE: An ammunition belt must be loaded with the links on the top and the rounds pointed to the right of the vehicle. Count the rounds as they are loaded

(4) If reloading, checks to see how many rounds are remaining in the ammunition can. There must be a single empty link at the end of the ammunition belt.

e. Loads the first 44 rounds in the ammunition can.

f. Turns the ammunition belt over so that the links are on the top. Rounds should point to the right of the vehicle.

g. Counts the 5th and 19th rounds. Feeds the ammunition belt with the double links first into the ammunition can. Hangs the first five rounds on the loading rail. Hangs the 19th round on the loading rail.

h. Counts the next 25 rounds. Hangs both the 24th and 25th rounds on the loading rail.

4. Gunner: Releases the upper roller to the rear of the ammunition can.

a. Forwards the rounds with the 14-mm ratchet wrench.

b. Locks the upper roller.

5. Fire Team Member: Loads the remainder of the rounds in the ammunition can. Hangs every 24th and 25th round.

6. Gunner: Lifts the ammunition belt loops over the baffles.

7. Fire Team Member: Installs and closes the HE ammunition can door.

a. Ensures the HE-AP selector switch is set to HE.

b. Closes the turret shield door, and taps on the shield door and announces, HE UPLOADED.

c. Stows empty ammunition boxes.

d. Replaces floor plates and unstows seats.

Load the 25-mm AP Ammunition

8. Gunner: Moves the turret to AP load (4350 mils). Announces when he has set the turret travel lock.

DANGER

BC MUST TURN OFF THE TURRET DRIVE SYSTEM BEFORE THE TURRET SHIELD DOOR IS OPENED. SOLDIERS COULD BE KILLED OR HURT.

9. Bradley Commander:

a. Instructs the driver to lower the ramp. Announces, UPLOAD AP READY BOX.

b. Sets the turret drive switch to the OFF position.

NOTE: In the absence of a fire team member, the BC performs the following duties.

10. Fire Team Member: The fire team member sitting in the No. 9 seat performs the duties of the loader.

a. Opens the turret shield door.

b. Opens and removes the door from the AP ammunition can.

c. Stows squad seats and removes the floor plates.

d. Prepares the AP ammunition for loading.

CAUTION

Rounds not aligned properly can cause jamming in the 25-mm ammunition can and chutes. Rounds must be aligned at the tips. Severe damage to the feeding system could result if the ammunition is not aligned.

(1) Unstows the AP ammunition.

(2) Conducts a quick visual inspection to ensure it is serviceable, clean, and aligned.

CAUTION

Links may be damaged if rounds are not removed correctly. If around does not release from a link, stop pulling on the round. To free a round from a link, twist and pull up on the round at the same time. Bent links can jam the feeder.

(3) If loading an empty can, joins and loads the ammunition in 30-round belts until 70 rounds are loaded into the AP ammunition can.

CAUTION

The end of the ammunition belt with the double links always goes in the ammunition can first. The end of the ammunition belt with the empty single link goes in last. If the ammunition is not loaded correctly, ammunition will bind in the chutes and damage the equipment.

NOTE: An ammunition belt must be loaded with the links on the top and the rounds pointed to the left of the vehicle. Count the rounds as they are loaded.

(4) If reloading, checks to see how many rounds are remaining in the ammunition can. There must be a single empty link at the end of the ammunition belt.

d. Counts the first 26 rounds. Hangs the first round onto the load rail, then hangs the 25th and 26th rounds onto the loading rail.

e. Lifts the single linked end of the ammunition belt up into the forwarder. Pushes the last round until it is engaged in the sprocket.

11. Gunner: Releases the upper roller to the rear of the ammunition can.

a. Forwards the rounds with the 14-mm ratchet wrench.

b. Locks the upper roller.

12. Fire Team Member:

a. Installs and closes the AP ammunition can door.

b. Ensures the HE-AP selector switch is set to AP.

c. Closes the turret shield door, taps on the shield door, and announces, AP UPLOADED.

d. Stows empty ammunition boxes.

e. Replaces floor plates and unstows squad seats.

Crew Drill 10

ENGAGE TARGETS WITH THE 25-MM AUTOMATIC GUN OR 7.62-MM COAX (CREW)

SITUATION: Upon recognition of a target or on the BC's order. With the ISU, the Bradley crew has identified a target.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Bradley Commander: Lays the gun for direction by squeezing the palm switch on the commander's handstation and turning the turret in the general direction of the target. The BC issues a battlesight or precision fire command.

2. Gunner:

a. Indexes the announced the range into the ISU.

b. Selects the ammunition/weapon system on the weapon control box in accordance with the BC's fire command.

c. Acquires the target using the ISU on low power.

d. Switches to the HIGH magnification and announces IDENTIFIED.

(1) If the gunner announces "Cannot identify," the BC attempts to identify and gives further instructions.

(2) If the gunner announces "Lost," the BC gives additional target location information.

(3) If the gunner announces "Friendly," the BC gives a new target location or takes the weapon out of action.

(4) If the gunner announces "Cannot engage," the BC designates another target or tells the driver to move the vehicle (for example, "Driver, back, right, stop").

e. Lays the reticle on the center of target visible mass.

3. Bradley Commander: Commands FIRE.

4. Gunner: Announces ON THE WAY, and fires the weapons system.

5. Bradley Commander: Commands CEASE FIRE, upon target destruction to end the engagement.

Crew Drill 11

RELOAD A TOW LAUNCHER (CREW)

SITUATION: The BFV has fired two TOW missiles and needs to be reloaded. The TOW casings are in the launch tubes. The TOW launcher is raised.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Bradley Commander: Commands PREPARE TO LOAD MISSILE

2. Gunner:

a. Traverses the turret to the TOW LOAD position (5950 mils).

b. Moves the ARM-SAFE-RESET switch to RESET then to the SAFE position.

c. Elevates the launcher to 500 mils.

3. Bradley Commander: Moves the turret drive switch to OFF.

4. Gunner: Engages the turret travel lock.

5. Fire Team Member: The fire team member in the No. 5 seat is responsible for reloading the TOW missiles.

NOTE: In the absence of the dismounted soldiers, the BC acts as the loader, depending on the unit's SOP. In the absence of the BC, the gunner assumes the responsibilities of the BC.

a. Unstows the missiles.

b. Checks the humidity indicator(s) on the stowed missile. (If the humidity indicators are pink, do not use.)

c. Inspects the containers for damage.

d. Removes the forward handling rings from the nose end of the stowed missiles.

e. Removes the electrical connector covers from the stowed missiles.

f. Checks the nose ends and rear diaphragms.

6. Bradley Commander: Commands LOAD MISSILE.

7. Fire Team Member:

a. Leader announces, UPLOADING TOW.

b. Opens the cargo hatch cover to the TOW LOAD position.

c. Pushes the release button on the side of the locking handle and pulls down.

d. Removes the expended missiles.

e. Ensures the umbilical connectors do not extend down into the TOW launcher.

f. Loads the missiles into the launcher (outside tube first).

g. Holds the missile and pushes the locking handle up until it locks.

h. Closes the cargo hatch.

i. Announces, TOW UPLOADED.

8. Gunner:

a. Turns the turret drive switch to ON and disengages the turret travel lock.

b. Traverses the turret to the target area and arms the system.

Crew Drill 12

ENGAGE TARGETS WITH THE TOW (CREW)

SITUATION: The Bradley crew has identified a target for the TOW within 3,750 meters.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Bradley Commander: Commands GUNNER, MISSILE, TANK, and lays the gun for direction to the target.

2. Gunner: Starts searching for the target as the BC lays the gun.

3. Driver: Halts the vehicle in a hull-down position.

4. Gunner: Selects HIGH MAG and uses the ISU to determine if the target is engageable.

5. Driver: Checks the vehicle slope indicator to ensure the vehicle is within the 10-degree slope warning.

6. Gunner: Checks the vehicle slope indicator to ensure the vehicle is within the 10-degree slope warning. Places the launcher's UP-DOWN switch on the TOW control panel to UP.

a. Depresses the gunner's palm switch to raise the launcher.

b. Depresses the TOW button on the TOW control panel.

c. Selects the missile tube one or two on the TOW control panel.

d. Places the arm-safe-reset switch to ARM.

e. Sights the target, announces, IDENTIFIED, and lays the cross hairs on the center of target visible mass.

(1) If the gunner announces "Cannot identify," the BC attempts to identify and gives further instructions.

(2) If the gunner announces "Lost," the BC gives additional target location information.

(3) If the gunner announces "Friendly," the BC gives the new target description or takes the weapon out of action.

(4) If the gunner announces "Cannot engage," the BC designates another target or tells the driver to move the vehicle (for example, "Driver, back, right, stop").

7. Bradley Commander: On hearing "Identified," commands FIRE.

8. Gunner: On hearing "Fire," announces ON THE WAY, and fires.

Crew Drill 13

REMOVE A MISFIRED TOW (CREW)

SITUATION: With all hatches closed, a TOW launcher raised to the firing position, and a misfired TOW. Immediate action has already been performed, or on order from the BC.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Gunner:

a. Announces TOW MISFIRE, and indicates the missile that did not fire.

b. Moves the arm-safe-reset switch to RESET, then to SAFE.

c. Ensures that stabilization switch is set to ON to keep the weapon pointed downrange while the driver rotates the vehicle.

2. Bradley Commander: Directs the driver to seek a covered or hull-down position.

3. Driver: Pivot steers the vehicle, either left or right, in accordance with the BC's instructions. Turret remains pointed downrange.

4. Bradley Commander:

a. Tells the driver to pivot until the turret is at 1600 or 4800 mils.

b. Engages the turret travel lock.

c. Moves the turret drive system switch and turret power switch to OFF.

5. Fire Team Members:

a. Two fire team members dismount to the rear of the vehicle.

b. One fire team member climbs onto the vehicle from the left side, keeping away from the front and rear of the vehicle.

c. Removes the misfired TOW from the launcher.

d. Hands the misfired missile to the fire team member on the ground.

e. Carries the missile a safe distance away from the vehicle. Marks the missile's location.

f. Lays the missile so that the backblast area is least destructive (minimum 200 meters).

g. Puts a clearly visible stake and yellow flag at the misfired TOW location.

6. Bradley Commander: Notifies the chain of command of the existence and location of the misfired TOW.

Crew Drill 14

LOAD, UNLOAD, AND STOW GRENADES FOR THE M257 SMOKE GRENADE LAUNCHER (CREW)

SITUATION: On order of the BC, the crew loads the eight smoke grenades stowed in the smoke grenade storage bins.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Gunner: Traverses the turret to the 6400-mil position and sets the turret travel lock.

2. Bradley Commander: Turns the turret drive system switch and the turret power switch to OFF.

3. Driver: Ensures that the master powers witch is OFF.

4. Bradley Commander: Commands LOAD SMOKE GRENADES.

5. Bradley Commander or Gunner:

a. Exits the turret from the gunner or BC hatch.

b. Removes expended grenades from the launcher.

c. Checks each launch tube for damage and debris.

d. Lifts the grenades (four) from the stowage bin and inspects the grenades.

e. Loads the launcher by sitting on the stowage bin and straddling the launcher.

f. Loads the grenades, metal end down, from bottom to top. Gently push on the smoke grenade until two clicks are felt, then turns it one-half turn.

g. Assumes the assigned seat in the turret.

6. Bradley Commander: Commands UNLOAD THE SMOKE GRENADE LAUNCHER.

  • Turns the turret drive and turret power switches to OFF.

7. Driver: Turns the master power to OFF.

8. BC or Gunner: Sitting on stowage bin, removes the four discharger caps and grenades from top to bottom.

a. Installs the discharger caps on the grenade launcher tubes.

b. Opens the bins to stow the grenades.

c. Stows the grenades metal end down.

d. Closes and latches the smoke grenade stowage bin.

Crew Drill 15

DESTROY OR ABANDON AN M2 BRADLEY FIGHTING VEHICLE (CREW)

SITUATION: Given an order to destroy or abandon the BFV, 15 one-pound blocks of TNT (or equivalent), equipment to complete an electric or nonelectric firing circuit, or two incendiary grenades, and a vehicle crew and a firing team.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Destruction by Removal or Destruction of Main Components.

a. Bradley Commander:

  • Removes the 7.62-mm coaxial machine gun backplate and destroys it.
  • Smashes the radios.
  • Secures his protective mask, and individual weapon, gear, and the night vision goggles.

b. Gunner:

  • Takes the bolt assembly from the 25-mm automatic gun.
  • Smashes the ISU.
  • Secures his protective mask, and individual weapon and gear; and evacuates the vehicle.

c. Driver:

  • Cuts the coolant lines.
  • Cuts the engine oil hose.
  • Smashes the AN/VVS-2 night vision viewer.
  • Secures his protective mask, individual weapon and gear.

d. Team Members:

  • Secures all night vision devices.
  • Secures dismounted radio.
  • Secures their protective mask, and individual weapons and gear; and evacuates the vehicle.

2. Destruction by Fire.

a. Bradley Commander:

  • Traverses the turret to 4100 mils.
  • Secures his protective mask and individual weapon.

b. Driver:

  • Discharges the Halon bottle in the engine compartment.
  • Lowers the ramp; opens the power unit access door.
  • Opens the main fuel manual shutoff valve and main fuel drain valve, and cuts the fuel lines.
  • Secures his weapon and protective mask, and evacuates the vehicle.

c. Fire Team Members:

  • Open the cargo hatch.
  • Secure the weapon and protective mask, and evacuates the vehicle.
  • Discharge the Halon bottle; removes and empties the portable fire extinguishers.

d. Bradley Commander:

  • Secures two incendiary grenades.
  • Places one grenade in the power unit and one in the crew compartment, and evacuates the vehicle.

DANGER

TEAM MEMBERS MUST TAKE COVER WITHOUT DELAY, BECAUSE THE FIRE MAY CAUSE AN EARLY EXPLOSION OF AMMUNITION.

3. Destruction by Antiarmor Fire. The BC--

  • Has the team members dismount with protective masks, individual weapons, and light antitank weapons (AT4s).
  • Has the antiarmor specialist secure the Dragon or AT4.
  • Moves the team past the minimum range of the Dragon (65 meters) and within maximum range of the AT4 (300 meters).
  • Directs a volley of fire, aiming at the armament, engine, and drive train components.

DANGER

DO NOT FIRE AT EQUIPMENT UNTIL ALL SOLDIERS IN THE AREA ARE A SAFE DISTANCE AWAY.

4. Destruction by Demolition.

a. Gunner:

  • Prepares three 1-pound blocks of TNT or the equivalent.
  • Places the charges as follows:

--On the receiver of the 7.62-mm coax.

--On the receiver of the 25-mm.

--On the integrated sight unit.

b. Driver:

  • Prepares six 2-pound charges using 1-pound blocks of TNT or the equivalent.
  • Places the charges as follows:

--One charge on the accessory end of the engine.

--The second and third charges on the engine - one on the left side and the other on the right side.

--The fourth charge between the engine and the cross drive transmission.

--The fifth and sixth charges on the left and right track drive sprockets.

c. Bradley Commander:

  • Provides for dual priming to minimize the possibility of a misfire.
  • Connects all charges (the charges for the turret and engine compartment) for simultaneous detonation.
  • Moves team members (with protective masks and individual weapons) to a covered area.
  • Detonates the charge.

NOTE: Ammunition and equipment that are not destroyed by the detonation should be removed from the vehicle and destroyed by other methods.

5. Destruction by Using Natural Surroundings. The team members:

  • Remove the major components (backplate from the 7.62-mm coax, the bolt from the 25-mm main gun) and submerge them in water (lakes, ponds, rivers, and so forth). If possible, submerge the vehicle.
  • If no body of water is near, widely disperse components (backplate from the 7.62-mm coax, the bolt from the 25-mm main gun), preferably into heavy underbrush.
  • Break down the bolt and track assembly before disposing of the parts. The BC or gunner keeps the firing pin assembly.

Crew Drill 16

PERFORM BEFORE-, DURING-, AND AFTER-COMBAT-OPERATION CHECKS (CREW)

SITUATION: During assembly area procedures, after an engagement, or during consolidation and reorganization.

REQUIRED ACTIONS:

1. Before-Combat-Operation Checks.

NOTE: Follow all safety procedures while working in and around the turret, and ensure that no weapons are loaded with ammunition when performing the before-operation checklist.

a. Squad Leader (personally or through coordination with the team leaders)--

  • Checks to ensure that all personnel are properly wearing personal protective equipment IAW the unit SOP and commander's guidance (for example, protective mask, protective body armor, helmet, nerve-agent antidote). Ensures that all personnel have hearing protection.
  • Ensures that all personnel have their assigned weapons and the prescribed ammunition load.
  • Checks to ensure that all weapons are loaded and placed on SAFE (to include firing port weapons).
  • Ensures that ammunition and pyrotechnics are properly stowed (for example, grenades, flares, small arms ammunition, smoke, LAWs, Claymores, hand grenades).
  • Ensures that all target acquisition devices (for example, NOD, binoculars, AN/PVS-5/7, AN/TAS-5) are properly stowed.
  • Ensures that the hand grenades are worn properly.
  • Ensures that all dismount equipment is functional (for example, test fires the weapons, conducts a communications check with the AN/PRC-77/68).
  • For night operations, ensures that all NVD and other target acquisition equipment (for example, binoculars, AN/PVS-5/6) are mounted and available, and operational and zeroed to the appropriate weapon for night operations.
  • Ensures that all personnel have additional equipment required to accomplish the mission IAW with METT-T (for example, minefield marking set, wire cutters, obstacle breach kit).
  • Reports the status of the squad to the platoon sergeant.
  • Ensures all personnel and vehicles are camouflaged.

b. Gunner or Bradley Commander. Ensures the following before-combat-operation checks are performed:

  • Ensures that the weapons systems are on SAFE (electrical and manual).
  • Ensures that all vehicle weapons systems are properly installed, and the prescribed ammunition is uploaded and stowed IAW the stowage and strapping diagram, vehicle load plan, and platoon SOP.
  • Ensures all turret weapons systems are operational and boresighted. Conducts a prefire checklist in accordance with the standards outlined in FM 23-1.
  • Ensures the vehicle communications systems are operational.
  • Ensures that the turret PMCS has been conducted IAW TM 9-2350-252-10-2 or TM 9-2350-284-10-2.
  • Checks individual equipment and weapons of the driver and gunner.
  • Reports the status of the vehicle to the BC or section leader.

NOTE: During training, in the event the override system is inoperable and the turret interlock system malfunction, the turret drive system should not be used, until it is repaired or fully operational.

c. Driver:

  • Conducts before-operation-hull PMCS in accordance with TM 9-2350-252-10-1 and TM 9-2350-284-10-1.
  • Reports the status of the vehicle to the BC.

d. Platoon Sergeant:

  • Consolidates the reports from the squad leaders and BCs, and reports the platoon's status to the platoon leader.
  • Checks the aidman for complete aid bag.
  • Checks the FIST for individual weapons and equipment; operational mission equipment (for example, laser range finder); operational communications (for example, digital message device and radios); any other mission-essential equipment.
  • Other attachments as required.

e. Platoon Leader:

  • Checks the special equipment required to execute the mission, and designates where it will be carried.
  • Reports the platoon status to the company commander NLT the mission start time.

2. During-Combat-Operation Checks. During-combat-operation checks should be conducted in a secure location during a lull in the battle.

a. Squad Leader or Team Leader:

  • Ensures the accountability of all soldiers and equipment.
  • Supervises aid to injured soldiers.
  • Ensures the weapons are on SAFE.
  • Checks ammunition status, gets more ammunition from vehicle if possible, cross levels when necessary, and reports the critical shortages to the platoon sergeant.
  • Reports the status of personnel, equipment, and ammunition to the platoon sergeant.
  • Ensures dismounted security is established.

b. Bradley Commander or Gunner:

  • Places the turret system on electrical SAFE.
  • Checks ammunition status for all turret weapon systems, performs reload drills when required, cross levels from other BFVs when necessary, and reports the critical shortages to the section leader or platoon sergeant.
  • Verifies the boresight of all weapons systems.
  • Checks for damaged equipment.
  • Ensures communications (radios and intercommunications) are operable.
  • Conducts a visual inspection of the turret.
  • Ensures the commander's and gunner's handstations are operable.
  • Performs during-operation-turret PMCS in accordance with TM 9-2350-252-10-2 or TM 9-2350-284-10-2.
  • Reports the status of the vehicle to the section leader or BC.
  • Supervises expedient vehicle repairs, if necessary.

c. Driver:

  • Performs during-operation-hull PMCS in accordance with TM 9-2350-252-10-1 or TM 9-2350-284-10-1.
  • Conducts a visual inspection of the exterior of the vehicle.
  • Checks all bolts and nuts on the road wheels and idle wheels.
  • Checks fuel status and oil levels in the engine, transmission, fan tower, final drive ramp motor, road wheels, return roller hub windows, and idler wheels.
  • Checks the engine compartment for any visible signs of damage.
  • Reports the status to the BC.

d. Platoon Sergeant:

  • Reports the status of the platoon to the platoon leader.
  • Supervises the evacuation of casualties.
  • Reports the location and status of inoperative vehicles and the WIA or KIA to the platoon leader.
  • Coordinates for resupply, if required (for example, POL, ammunition).

e. Platoon Leader:

  • Reports the status of the platoon to the company commander (if resupply or repairs are necessary to complete the mission, if required by SOP, or if the platoon has suffered combat or maintenance vehicle losses).

3. After-Combat-Operation Checks. After-combat-operation checks are to be forwarded in conjunction with consolidation and reorganization, and the infantry is normally dismounted and provides the local security while the BFV crew perform the necessary checks.

a. Squad Leader or Team Leader:

  • Ensures that dismounted security is established.
  • Checks for injured soldiers.
  • Accounts for all personnel and equipment.
  • Checks and ensures that all weapons are on SAFE.
  • Reestablishes the chain of command.
  • Checks the status of ammunition and supplies.
  • Ensures that hasty positions are prepared, ensures that the key weapons are manned, and replaces vehicle crew members, as needed.
  • Ensures that soldiers and vehicles are recamouflaged as necessary.
  • Reports the status of soldiers, equipment, and ammunition to the platoon sergeant.

b. Bradley Commander or Gunner:

  • Places turret system on electrical SAFE.
  • Ensures that ammunition resupply is conducted for all weapons on the vehicle.
  • Conducts a visual inspection of the turret for damages.
  • Checks communications (radios and intercommunications) for damage.
  • Performs after-operation-turret PMCS IAW TM 9-2350-252-10-2 or TM 9-2350-284-10-2.
  • Confirms zero with a few rounds.
  • Reports the status of the vehicle to the section leader or BC.

c. Driver:

  • Conducts a visual inspection of the vehicle exterior.
  • Performs after-operation-hull PMCS IAW TM 9-2350-252-10-1 or TM 9-2350-284-10-1.
  • Checks all bolts and nuts on the road wheels and idle wheels.
  • Checks fuel status and oil levels in the engine, transmission, fan tower, final drives, ramp motor and return roller hub windows, road wheels, and idler wheels.
  • Checks the engine compartment for any visible signs of damage.
  • Reports the status to the BC.

d. Platoon Sergeant:

  • Reports vehicle, soldiers, equipment, and ammunition status to the platoon leader and company executive officer or first sergeant IAW the unit SOP.
  • Supervises evacuation of wounded soldiers, inoperative equipment, and vehicle.
  • Requests replacements and resupply (personnel, equipment, batteries, POL, ammunition) from the first sergeant IAW the unit SOP.
  • Supervises the repair of equipment and vehicles within the capability.

e. Platoon Leader:

  • Determines and disseminates the lessons learned with the platoon sergeant and squad leaders.
  • Reports the platoon status to the company commander.



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