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Military

Glossary

8mm

A compact videocassette record/playback tape format that uses eight-millimeter wide magnetic tape, a world-wide standard established in 1983 allowing high-quality video and audio recording. Flexibility, lightweight cameras, and reduced tape storage requirements are among the format's advantages.

AAR

after-action review

AC

active component

ACCP

Army Correspondence Course Program

ACUS

Area Common User System

AAFES

Army and Air Force Exchange Service

AFRTS

Forces Radio and Television Services

AIPD

Army Institute for Professional Development

AIT

advanced individual training

AMC

Army Materiel Command

analog

A method of representing data using continuously varying electrical voltages. Analog video whether transmitted over cables, read from videotapes, or broadcast is subject to degradation due to noise, distortion, and other electronic phenomena. Normal signal levels should be within 0.7 to 1 volt.

ANCOC

Advanced Noncommissioned Officer Course

AO

area of operations

AR

Army regulation

ASC

Army Signal Command

ASCC

Army Service Component Command

ATRRS

Army Training Resources and Requirements System

audio

The "other half" of any video production consisting of frequencies corresponding to a normally audible sound wave (20 Hz to 20,000 Hz). The "soundtrack" of a videotape.

AV

audiovisual

AVIDP

Army Visual Information Documentation Program

AVIMO

Army Visual Information Management Office

BDA

battlefield damage assessment

BDAR

battle damage assessment and repair

Betacam

Portable, professional camera/recorder format developed by Sony. Betacam uses a component video system.

Betacam SP

A superior performance version of Betacam. SP uses metal particle tape and a wider bandwidth recording system.

Betamax

Consumer videocassette record/playback tape format using 1/2 inch wide magnetic tape. Developed by Sony, Betamax was the first home VCR format.

BIS

battlefield information system

BNCOC

Basic Noncommissioned Officer Course

C2

command and control

C4ISR

command, control, communications, computers, information, surveillance, and reconnaissance

CA

civil affairs

Camcorder

Combination of camera and videotape recorder in one device. Camcorders permit easy and rapid photography and recording simultaneously. Camcorders are available in most home video formats: 8mm, HI-8, VHS, VHS-C, S-VHS, etc.

CBTDEV

combat developer

CCTV

closed circuit television

CE

communications-electronics

CJCSI

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction

CMF

Career Management Field

CNR

combat net radio

COMCAM

combat camera

component video

Most home video signals consist of combined (composite) video signals, composed of luminance (brightness) information, chrominance (color) information, and sync information. To get maximum video quality, professional equipment and some consumer equipment keep the video components separate.

compression

The process of electronically processing a file to make it use less storage, or to allow more data to be sent down a transmission channel.

COP

common operating picture

COTS

commercial-off-the-shelf

DA

Department of the Army

definition

The aggregate of fine details available on-screen. The higher the image definition, the greater the number of details that can be discerned.

digital

A method of representing data using binary numbers.

DINFOS

Defense Information School

DISN

Defense Information Systems Network

distortion

In video, distortion usually refers to changes in the brightness color portions of a signal. It may contort the picture and produce improper contrast, faulty brightness levels, twisted images, erroneous colors, and snow. In audio, distortion refers to any undesired changes in the waveform of a signal caused by the introduction of spurious elements. The most common audio distortions are harmonic distortion, intermodulation distortion, crossover distortion, transient distortion, and phase distortion.

DOD

Department of Defense

DS

direct support

DSN

Defense Switch Network

ECB

echelons corps and below

EN

engineer

FM

frequency modulation. This is a process used for radio and television audio transmission and videotape recording. A low frequency signal modulates the frequency of a high frequency, radio frequency carrier signal. The original signal is demodulated at the receiver.

FOA

field operating agency

FOCI

foreign ownership, control, or influence

G2

Assistant Chief of Staff, G2 (Intelligence)

G3

Assistant Chief of Staff, G3 (Operations and Plans)

G6

Assistant Chief of Staff for C4 Operations, G6

GIE

global information environment. Includes all individuals, organizations, or systems, most of which are outside the control of the military or NCA, that collect, process, and disseminate information to national and international audiences.

GS

general support

HI-8

An improved version of the 8mm-tape format, capable of recording better picture resolution.

HQDA

Headquarters, Department of the Army

HUMINT

human intelligence

Hz

hertz

IAW

in accordance with

IO

information operations. Activities that gain information and knowledge and improve friendly execution of operations while denying an adversary similar capabilities by whatever possible means.

IT

information technology

J2

Joint Staff Intelligence

J3

Joint Staff Operations

JCMT

Joint COMCAM Management Team

JCS

Joint Chiefs of Staff

JPEG

joint photographic experts group. A digital compression standard for still video images that allows the image to occupy less memory or disk space. It includes options for trading off between storage space and image quality.

JTF

joint task force

LAN

local area network

LOAC

Law of Armed Conflict

LRC

lesser regional conflict

MACOM

major Army command

MATDEV

materiel developers

METT-TC

mission, enemy, terrain and weather, time, troops available, and civilian considerations

MI

military intelligence

MIE

military information environment

MILDEPS

military departments

monitor

A display that gets its signal directly from a camera or VCR, as opposed to a television.

MOS

military occupational specialty

MP

military police

MPEG

motion/joint photographic experts group. A digital compression standard for moving video images that allows the images to occupy less memory or disk space. It includes options for trading off between storage space and image quality.

MTOE

modified table(s) of organization and equipment

multimedia

A somewhat ambiguous term that describes the ability to combine audio, video, and other information with graphics, control, storage, and other features of computer-based systems. Applications include presentation, editing, interactive learning, games, and conferencing.

MVES

Motion Video Editing System

MWO

modification work order

NBC

nuclear, biological, chemical

NCA

National Command Authority

NCO

noncommissioned officer

NCOA

Noncommissioned Officer Academy

NDI

nondevelopmental item

NMPS

Navy Motion Picture Service

OASD(PA)

Office of the Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)

OCOS

Office of the Chief of Signal

ODISC4

Office of the Director of Information Systems, Command, Control, Communications, and Computers

OJT

on-the-job training

OPA

other procurement, Army

OPCON

operational control

OPDOC

operational documentation

OPLAN

operation plan

OPORD

operation order

OPSEC

operations security

ORF

operational readiness float

OVERLAY

Keyed insertion of one image into another. Overlay is used, for example, to superimpose computer-generated text on a video image for titling purposes.

PA

public affairs

PAM

pamphlet

PE

peace enforcement

PK

peacekeeping

PLL

prescribed load list

PMCS

preventive maintenance checks and services

post-production

All production work done after the raw video footage and audio elements have been captured. Editing, titling, special effects insertion, image enhancement, audio mixing, and other production work is done during post-production.

protocol

A specific software-based guide or language for linking several devices together. Communication protocols are used between computers and VCRs or edit controllers to allow bi-directional "conversation" between the units.

PSYOP

psychological operations

RC

reserve component

RDTE

research, development, test, and evaluation

resolution

A measure of the ability to reproduce detail. Generally referred to as horizontal resolution and evaluated by establishing the number of horizontal lines which are clearly discernible on a test pattern.

ROA

Regimental Officer Academy

SA

situational awareness

SCCC

Signal Captains Career Course

SLPD

School of Leadership and Professional Development

SOP

standing operating procedure

SPEPS

Still Photography Editing and Processing System

split screen

An electronic process that allows the viewing of two video images, side by side or above and below, on-screen simultaneously.

SSC

small-scale contingency

STD

standard

S-VHS

Super Video Home System. An improved version of the VHS tape format capable of recording better picture resolution. A higher-density tape is required which provides a wider brightness bandwidth, resulting in sharper picture quality and improved signal-to-noise ratio.

TA

theater Army

TACSAT

tactical satellite

T-ASA

Television-Audiovisual Support Activity

TC

type-classified

TDA

tables of distribution and allowances

TECDOC

technical documentation

TMDE

test measurement and diagnostic equipment

TOE

table(s) of organization and equipment

TRADOC

United States Army Training and Doctrine Command

TSC

Theater Signal Command

TTP

tactics, techniques, and procedures

US

United States

UAV

unmanned aerial vehicle

USACECOM

United States Army Communications-Electronics Command

USASC&FG

United States Army Signal Center and Fort Gordon

VCR

video camera recorder

VHS

Video Home System. Consumer videocassette record/playback tape format using half-inch wide magnetic tape. The most common home VCR format in the United States.

VI

visual information

video camera

A camera with an electronic image sensor rather than photographic film. This electronic circuitry generates color and sync pulses. Equipped with a full complement of audio circuitry.

video editing

A procedure for combining selected portions of video footage in order to create a new, combined version. During video editing, special effects can be added. Audio editing is often carried out simultaneously with video editing.

VIDOC

visual information documentation

VISC

visual information support center

VTC

video teleconferencing

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WSS

Wholesale Supply System

WSV

weapons system video



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