1SG first sergeant
AAR after-action review; after-action report
AC active component
accident risk All operational risk considerations other than tactical risks. Includes risk to friendly forces, risk posed to civilians by an operation, as well as the impact of operations on the environment.
ACCP Army Correspondence Course Program
ACHP Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
AE Army Europe
AETMP Army Environmental Training Master Plan
AFB assault float bridge
AFI Air Force Instruction
AIRFA American Indian Religious Freedom Act
ALMC Army Logistics Management College
AO area of operations
AOAP Army Oil Analysis Program
AOR area of responsibility
APO Army post office
APOD aerial point of departure
AR Army regulation
ARPA Archeological Resources Preservation Act
ARTEP Army Training and Evaluation Program
asbestos A group of natural minerals that tend to separate into strong, heat-resistant fibers. Used as an insulator, it is a suspected carcinogen.
ASG Area Support Group
autoignition temperature Temperature at which a chemical can spontaneously ignite.
BASOPS base operations
BCAT base camp assistance/assessment team
BCCA base camp coordination agency
BESC Basic Environmental Staff Course
BII basic issue inventory
boiling point The temperature at which a compound will go from the liquid state to the vapor state.
BRAC base realignment and closure
BSB Base Support Battalion
C2 command and control
CAA Clean Air Act
CALL Center for Army Lessons Learned
CAO customer assistance office
CARC chemical agent resistant coating
carcinogen A substance known to cause or help the growth of cancerous cells.
CAS (chemical abstract service number) A unique number given to a chemical compound when it has been thoroughly identified. Information can be tracked by that number even when a different trade name or synonym is given for the chemical.
CBR chemical, biological, and radiological
CCIR commander's critical information requirements
CD compact disc
CEIHOT Center for Environmental Initiatives and Hands On Training
ceiling The maximum concentration that is allowed for any exposure. Area must be vacated at once if this level is reached.
CESOS Civil Engineer Corps Officer School
CESP civil engineering support plan
CETEP comprehensive environmental training and education program
CEQ council on environmental quality
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act; regulates clean up of HW sites. Also known as "Superfund." Amended by SARA of 1986.
CERL US Army Construction Engineering Laboratories
CFC Chlorofluorocarbons; a family of fully halogenated hydrocarbons containing fluorine and chlorine. These substances are environmentally harmful because they deplete the earth's stratospheric ozone layer.
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
characteristics of HW Physical/chemical properties of an HW. The EPA has defined four characteristics that can be determined by tests:
1. Ignitability: the ability to catch fire.
2. Corrosivity: the ability to corrode other materials.
3. Reactivity: the ability to enter into a violent chemical reaction, which may involve explosions or fumes.
4. Toxicity: the ability to release certain toxic constituents when leaded with mild acid.
chemical A substance that is produced by or used in a chemical process.
Chemical agent resistant coding
chlorine A chemical used in water purification for removal of bacteria.
CINC commander in chief; commander of a combatant command.
civil action A lawsuit filed in court against a person who has either failed to comply with statutory or regulatory requirements or an administrative order, or has contributed to a release of hazardous wastes or constituents. There are four types of civil actions: compliance, corrective, monitoring and analysis, and imminent hazard.
CJTF commander, joint task force
CO commanding officer
COA course of action
CofS Chief of Staff
Commander's Guide to Environmental Management This reference provides commanders with basic information concerning their responsibilities in managing the Army's environmental program at the installation or activity level. It is intended as a primer on the environmental program. The guide is currently published by USAEC; it will be converted to an official Army publication.
compliance The Army's expectation that soldiers obey local, state, federal and HN environmental requirements.
conexes container express
CONPLAN contingency plan
conservation The act of conserving and preserving natural and cultural resources so they will be available for present and future generations.
CONUS continental United States; from an environmental standpoint, CONUS refers to any land over which the EPA has jurisdiction. Included are Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands.
convoy A group of vehicles organized for the purpose of control and orderly movement with or without escort protection.
coolants Substances used to reduce the temperature of systems.
CPG Commandant's Planning Guidance
CREST corps real estate support team
criminal action A prosecutorial action taken by the US Government or a state towards any person(s) who has knowingly and willfully not complied with the law. Such an action can result in the imposition of fines or imprisonment.
critical habitat A designated area declared essential for the survival of a protected species under authority of the ESA.
CRMP Cultural Resources Management Plan
crossing site(s) The location along a water obstacle where the crossing can be made using amphibious vehicles, assault boats, rafts, bridges, or fording vehicles.
CRREL US Army Cold Regions Research Engineering Laboratory
CS The riot control chemical agent called chlorobenzalmalononitrile (tear gas).
CWA Clean Water Act
CZ combat zone
DA Department of the Army
DC District of Columbia
DCSBOS Deputy Chief of Staff for Base Operations and Support
DD defense document (generally used with form numbers: DD Form 1348-1)
DENIX Defense Environmental Network and Information Exchange
DEQ Directorate of Environmental Quality. This is another name for the EMO when it is not under the DPW.
DERA Defense Environmental Restoration Account
DERP Defense Environmental Restoration Program
detergents Synthetic water soluble cleaning agents that act like soap.
discharge Includes, but is not limited to, the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, emitting, emptying, or dumping of a substance on any land or into water.
disposal The discharge, deposit, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste or HW into or on any land or water.
DLA Defense Logistics Agency
DNBI disease and non-battle injury
DOD Department of Defense
DODD Department of Defense Directive
DODI Department of Defense Instruction
DOL Directorate of Logistics
DOT Department of Transportation
DPTM Directorate of Plans, Training, and Mobilization
DPW Directorate of Public Works
DRMO Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office
DS2 Decontaminant solution 2; incompatible with most metals, DS2 is procured exclusively by DOD to decontaminate machinery after a chemical weapons attack. DS2 is not authorized for training due to the hazards it presents to humans who are exposed to it. It can cause severe burns, stricture of the esophagus, and damage to the central nervous system, liver, and reproductive system.
DSN Defense System Telecommunications Network
DTG date-time group
DTLOMS doctrine, training, leader development, organizational design, material development, soldier support
EA Environmental assessment; required by NEPA; a study to determine if significant environmental impacts are expected from a proposed action.
EARC US Army Environmental Awareness Resource Center
EBS environmental baseline survey
EC environmental coordinator
ECAS Environmental Compliance Assessment System; this system involves the use of the environmental compliance assessment. Also referred to as an environmental audit or environmental program review, it involves an examination of an installation's environmental program to identify possible compliance deficiencies. It also includes designing corrective action plans and implementing fixes for identified deficiencies.
ECE environmental compliance evaluation
ECO environmental compliance officer
ECR environmental conditions report
ECRB environmental compliance review board
ecology The science concerned with the relationship between organisms and their environment and the interrelationships and interdependence of these organisms; that is, the study of living things in relation to the environment and to each other.
ecosystem A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with its environment.
EEA environmental executive agent
EIRB environmental impact review board
EIS Environmental impact statement; a document prepared by EPA or under EPA guidance, which identifies and analyzes in detail the environmental impacts of a proposed action.
ELOW environmental laws of war
EMO environmental management office
ENCOM engineer command
ENCOORD engineer coordinator
endangered species Those species designated by the Secretary of the Interior which are in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of their range.
ENMOD environmental modification
ENRD Environmental and Natural Resources Division
evaporation rate How rapidly compound evaporates based on a reference compound. The higher the number the faster the material will evaporate.
environmental audit A compliance review of facility operations, practices, and records to assess and verify compliance with federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations.
environmental ethic Taking care of the environment because it is the right thing to do. This ethic is the operating principle and value that governs individual soldiers, units, and the Army.
environmental noise The outdoor noise environment consisting of all noise (including ambient noise) from all sources that extend beyond, but do not include, the workplace.
environmental planning Efforts that consider the impact of operation, training, exercises, or weapon system introduction on the environment, and where necessary, allow decision makers to take early action to eliminate or mitigate those impacts. Additionally, environmental planning may require consultation or submission of documentation to demonstrate that environmental considerations have been taken.
environmental pollution The condition resulting from the presence of chemical, mineral, radioactive, or biological substances that alter the natural environment or that adversely affect human health or the quality of life, biosystems, the environment, structures and equipment, recreational opportunities, aesthetics, or natural beauty.
environmental reconnaissance The systematic observation and recording of site or area data collected by visual or physical means, dealing specifically with environmental conditions as they exist, and identifying areas that are environmentally sensitive or of relative environmental concern, for information and decision-making purposes.
environmental stewardship The care and management of the property of another, the environment. Army objective is to plan, initiate, and carry out its actions and programs in a manner that minimizes adverse effects on the environment without impairing the mission.
EO executive order
EOD explosive ordnance disposal
EPA Environmental Protection Agency; established in 1970, the EPA is charged with protecting and enhancing the environment today and for future generations to the fullest extent possible.
EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
EQCC Environmental Quality Control Committee
ER environmental report
ES environmental statement
ESA Endangered Species Act
FEDLOG federal logistics
FFCA Federal Facilities Compliance Act
FGS final governing standards
FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
flash point Temperature at which there is enough vapor of a chemical to ignite if a spark is present.
FM field manual
FMO facilities management office
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FONSI finding of no significant impact
force health protection All services performed, provided, or arranged by the Services to promote, improve, conserve, or restore the mental or physical well being of personnel. These services include, but are not limited to, the management of health services resources such as manpower, monies, and facilities; preventive and curative health measure; evacuation of the wounded, injured, or sick; selection of the medically fit and disposition of the medically unfit; blood management; medical supply, equipment, and maintenance thereof; combat stress control; and medical, dental, veterinary, laboratory, optometry, medical food, and medical intelligence services.
force protection Actions taken to prevent or mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information. These actions conserve the force's fighting potential so it can be applied at the decisive time and place. It coordinates and synchronizes offensive and defensive measures to enable the effective employment of the force while degrading opportunities for the enemy. Force protection does not include actions to defeat the enemy or protect against accidents, weather, or disease.
FRAGO fragmentary order
freezing point The temperature at which a compound will change from a liquid to a solid.
FSOP field standing operating procedures
FTX field training exercise
FUDS formerly used defense sites
FY fiscal year
G1 Assistant Chief of Staff, Personnel, General Staff
G2 Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, General Staff
G3 Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations, General Staff
G4 Assistant Chief of Staff, Logistics, General Staff
G5 Assistant Chief of Staff, Civil Affairs, General Staff
gray water Any nontoilet water (nonsewage) that is nonpotable because it was used in some way (for example, water from sinks, bathtubs, showers, or laundry operation).
groundwater A body of water, generally within the boundaries of a watershed, that exists in the internal passageways of porous geological formations (aquifers) and which flows in response to gravitational forces. Nearly half of the US population uses groundwater as its primary water source.
GSA General Services Administration
GTA graphics training aid
halons A family of fully halogenated hydrocarbons containing bromines. These substances are environmentally harmful because they deplete the earth's stratospheric ozone layer.
hazard A condition that can be expected to cause damages including injury or death to exposed individuals.
hazardous substance Under CERCLA, any element, compound, mixture, solution, or substance which, when released into the environment, on land or in water, may present an imminent and substantial danger to public health/welfare or the environment. The definition is broader than the definition of hazardous waste under RCRA.
HAZCOM Hazard communication; the responsibility of leaders and supervisors concerning possible hazards in the workplace and notification of hazards and necessary precautions to their soldiers.
HAZMIN hazardous waste minimization
health hazards Those hazards that can cause injury or illness when a person is exposed to hazardous chemicals by inhalation, ingestion, swallowing, skin contact, or eye contact.
HEMTT heavy expanded mobility tactical truck
HHC headquarters, headquarter company
historic artifacts Something created by humans usually for a practical purpose especially an object remaining from a particular period (prehistoric caves, burial sites).
HM Hazardous material; any material, including waste, that may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, property, or the environment, when they exist in specific quantities and forms. Chemicals that have been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to present risks to safety, health, and property during transportation.
HMCC Hazardous Material Control Center
HMTA Hazardous Materials Transportation Act
HN Host nation; a nation which receives the forces and/or supplies of Allied nations and/or North Atlantic Treaty Organization organizations to be located on, or to operate in or to transit through its territory.
HQMC Headquarters, Marine Corps
HSMS Hazardous Substance Management System
HW Hazardous waste; waste which, if improperly managed, can create a risk to the safety or health of people or to the environment. EPA considers hazardous waste a subset of both solid waste and hazardous materials. Technically, those wastes that are regulated under RCRA 40 CFR, part 261 either because they are "listed" or because they are ignitable, corrosive, reactive, or toxic.
HWAS hazardous waste accumulation site
IAW in accordance with
ICUZ Installation compatibility use zone; a land use planning procedure employed to control environmental noise.
IET installation environmental trainer
I&L installations and logistics
IMO installation management office
incineration Disposal of waste materials through controlled burning.
INRMP Integrated Natural Resource Management Plan
IOSC Installation On-Scene Coordinator
IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield
IPM integrated pest management
IPMP Integrated Pest Management Plan; the management of actual and potential pest problems using a combination of available preventive and corrective control measures. The biological effectiveness, environmental acceptability, and cost effectiveness of pest control measures must be considered before such measures can be approved for use on Army-controlled property.
IRP Installation restoration program; the military's program to address environmental contamination at its facilities.
IRT installation response team. Those collective persons designated to act in an emergency to perform functions directed by the installation on-scene coordinator.
ISCP Installation Spill Contingency Plan; document detailing resources and procedures for cleanup of oil and hazardous substances spills.
ISD installation supply division
ITAM integrated training area management
ITS individual training standard
JCMB joint civil-military coordination board
JEMB joint environmental management board
JIC joint information center
JMMO joint material management office
JOC joint operations center
JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System
JP joint publication
JP jet petroleum
JSI joint staff instruction
JTB joint transportation board or joint targeting board
JTF joint task force
JTFCEM joint task force contingency engineering management
JRETC Joint Regional Environment Training Center
landfill An in-ground disposal site for wastes that were designed to reduce air pollution and unsightly trash that resulted from open dumping and burning. Older landfills leak contaminants into the soil and groundwater, although many new ones are built with elaborate leak prevention systems.
LCTA land condition trend analysis
LEPC local emergency planning committee
LO lubrication order
LOGCAP Logistics Civil Augmentation Program
LRAM land rehabilitation and maintenance
LRP logistics resupply point
lubricants Substances (such as grease) capable of reducing friction, heat, and wear when introduced as a film between solid surfaces.
MACOM major Army command
MCCDC Marine Corps Combat Development Command
MCL maximum contaminant level
MCO Marine Corps order
MCRP Marine Corps reference publication
MDMP military decision-making process
MDRD mobilization, deployment, redeployment, and demobilization
medical waste Any waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals.
melting point The temperature at which a compound will change from a solid to a liquid.
METL mission essential task list
METT-TC mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and considerations.
MGRS military grid reference system
military environmental protection The application and integration of all aspects of natural environmental considerations, as they apply to the conduct of military operations.
MMPA Marine Mammal Protection Act
MOGAS motor gas
MOMs measures of merit
monitoring The assessment of emissions and ambient air quality conditions. Monitoring techniques used are emission estimates, visible emission readings, diffusion or dispersion estimates, and sampling or measurement with analytical instruments.
MOS military occupational specialty
MP military police
MSC major subordinate command
MSDS material safety data sheet
MTP mission training plan
NAAQS national ambient air quality standards
NAGPRA Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
NBC nuclear, biological, chemical
NCA Noise Control Act
NCO noncommissioned officer
NCOIC noncommissioned officer in charge
NCP National Contingency Plan
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NG National Guard
NHPA National Historic Preservation Act
NOV Notice of violation; formal written document provided to an installation by a regulatory agency as a result of environmental noncompliance.
NOX nitrogen oxide
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NPS National Park Service
NSN national stock number
NTC national training center
NWP Naval warfare publication
OCONUS outside the continental United States
OEBGD overseas environmental baseline guidance document
OIC officer in charge
OJE Operation Joint Endeavor
OPA Oil Pollution Act
OPFOR opposing forces
OPG Operational Planning Group
OPNAVIST Operational Naval Instruction
OPLAN operation plan
OPORD operation order
OPSEC operations security
OPTEMPO operations tempo
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Act or Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PAO public affairs office(r)
PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PCB/Polychlorinated biphenyls A family of chemicals that are probable carcinogens, once widely used in electrical insulation. Banned in the US in 1979, PCB contamination has occurred on US bases where abandoned electrical transformers have leaked into the environment.
PCN product control number
penalties The legal punishment (fines, jail) for having violated a law.
pesticides A chemical or other substance used to destroy plants and animal pests.
physical hazards Those hazards that can cause explosions, fires, violent chemical reactions, or other hazardous situations.
PLL prescribed load list
PMCS preventive maintenance checks and services
PMO provost marshal office
PMP Pest Management Plan
POC point of contact
POL petroleum, oils, and lubricants
PPE personal protective equipment
PPM Parts per million; molecules of chemical per one million molecules of air.
prevention The process of reducing or eliminating pollution.
primacy A legal situation which allows the states to have environmental and worker protection standards more stringent than the federal standards.
QA quality assurance
QCA Quiet Communities Act
radon A colorless, odorless, radioactive by-product from the natural degradation of uranium.
RC Reserve component
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
REC record of environmental consideration (related to NEPA)
reclamation Regeneration of a material, or processing a material to recover a usable product. Examples include the recovery of lead from spent batteries or the regeneration of spent solvents.
recovered materials Waste materials and by-products that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but this term does not include those materials and by-products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process.
recyclability The ability of a product or material to be recovered from, or otherwise diverted from, the solid waste stream for the purpose of recycling.
recycling The process by which recovered materials are transformed into new or usable products.
restoration The process of cleaning up contaminated sites.
risk The probability of exposure, coupled with the severity of the consequences. Risk is often used in a more general way than danger, in that risk is used to describe potential financial loss or property damage in addition to environmental damage or personal injury.
ROD record of decision
ROE rules of engagement
ROK Republic of Korea
ROWPU reverse osmosis water purification unit
S1 Personnel Staff Officer, Adjutant, Brigade and Battalion
S2 Intelligence Staff Officer, Brigade and Battalion
S3 Operations and Training Officer, Brigade and Battalion
S4 Logistics Staff Officer, Supply Officer, Brigade and Battalion
S5 Civil-Military Operations Staff Officer, Brigade and Battalion
SA Sikes Act
SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act
SET state environmental trainer
SF standard form
SITREP situation report
SITTEMP situation template
SJA staff judge advocate
SOFA Status of Forces Agreement. An agreement on the stationing of forces to which the US is a party, such as a multilateral or bilateral stationing or base rights agreement, or an arrangement or understanding concluded thereunder.
solid waste Any material or substance (solid or liquid) which is inherently waste-like by being no longer suitable for its originally intended purpose.
solubility The quality or state of being able to dissolve in water. The amount of substance that will dissolve in a given amount of another substance.
solvents Volatile organic compounds (trichloroethylene and so forth) used as powerful cleaners, degreasers, and paint strippers. At one time solvents were widely used in the military's industrial production and maintenance operations and routinely dumped untreated into the ground.
SOP standing operating procedure
source reduction The DOD has set the goal of reducing HW generation at its sources. This reduction is to be achieved through product substitution, recycling, and inventory control, and by developing new industrial processes that use less hazardous materials, such as bead blasting rather than solvents to remove paint.
sovereign immunity A legal situation in which the sovereign (for example, federal government) cannot be held legally liable for what it does or does not do.
spill A generic term that encompasses the accidental and the deliberate but unpermitted discharge or release of a pollutant.
SPILLREP spill report
SPRP spill prevention response plan
STARC State Area Command
STB super tropical bleach
STP soldier training publication
Superfund See CERCLA.
surface water Water contained in rivers, streams, and so forth.
TACSOP tactical standing operating procedures
tactical risk The risk concerned with hazards that exist because of the presence of either the enemy or an adversary.
TAML Theater Army medical laboratory
TBP to be published
TC training circular
TG trainer's guide
threatened species Those species that are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range.
threshold limit value (time weighted average) The recommended limit for worker exposure over an 8-hour work day.
TID turn-in document
TM technical manual
TO table of organization
TO theater of operation
toxic Capable of producing injury, illness, or damage to humans, domestic livestock, wildlife, or other organisms through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through any body surface.
TRADOC United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
TSC Training Support Center
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act
TSDF treatment, storage, disposal facility
TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures
UECO unit environmental compliance officer
UI unit of issue
US United States
USACE United States Army Corps of Engineers
USACHPPM United States Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (formerly USAEHA)
USAEC United States Army Environmental Center; provides oversight, coordination, and execution support for Army environmental programs and projects, and technical and related support. Formerly the US Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency.
USAEHA United States Army Environmental Hygiene Agency (now USACHPPM)
USAES United States Army Engineer School
USAREUR United States Army Europe
USC United States Code
USE Used Solvent Elimination Program
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service
USMC United States Marine Corps
US-ROK United States - Republic of Korea
UST Underground storage tank. Below- or in-ground tank, storing oil or hazardous substances, regulated under RCRA.
UTM universal traverse mercator
UXO unexploded ordnance
vapor density How heavy vapor is relative to air. Air is assigned a vapor density of 1. If the number is less than 1, the vapor from the compound will rise. If the number is greater than 1, the vapor will tend to sink to the ground.
vapor pressure Pressure of a compound in the vapor state. The higher the number the more readily the compound will evaporate. Compounds with high vapor pressures are often flammable and if contained in a sealed container may burst.
viscosity Measure of how "thick" a liquid or semi-solid material is at room temperature.
VOC volatile organic compound
waste Any discarded material.
wetlands Generally includes marshes, swaps, bogs, and similar areas. Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for saturated soil conditions.
WO warning order
XO executive officer
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