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Jeremy J. Stone - 1935-2017

Jeremy J. Stone died suddenly in his apartment on 01 January 2017. In June 1973, as a consequence of his activism in criticizing Pentagon spending practices, his name appeared as one of the 150 listed on the "enemies" list of President Nixon - his proudest achievement, among many. Stone was the author and defender of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972, which for more than a quarter of a century was the foundation of nuclear arms control.

Jeremy Stone was the son of acclaimed journalist I.F.Stone, and Esther Stone, and nephew of journalist and film critic Judy Stone. He had resided in Carlsbad, California with his wife B.J.Stone, who pre-deceased him. The Stanford-based professor and hero of Michael Crichton's 1969 novel and movie The Andromeda Strain is named "Dr. Jeremy Stone." Dr. Stone himself was in Stanford in 1969 but unlike the fictional character was studying economics, not biology. There is also a comic strip hero with the name Dr. Jeremy Stone, whose alter ego is the superbly muscled Maul.

Born in 1935, Stone studied at the Bronx High School of Science (1951–53) during which time he taught Three-dimensional chess at the New School for Social Research. After attending MIT for one year, he graduated from Swarthmore College in June 1957. As a consultant to the RAND Corporation in the summer of 1958, he invented the Cross-Section Method of Linear Programming.

Jeremy received a Ph.D. in mathematics from Stanford University in 1960 and joined Stanford Research Institute (SRI) as a research mathematician where he worked on Error Correcting Codes. In 1962, he left SRI to work at Hudson Institute on issues of war and peace. He spent a difficult two years at the Hudson Institute, butting heads with the think tank’s hawkish founder Herman Kahn. In 1963, he began working on an arms control proposal for preventing anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems. In 1964-1966 he was a research associate at the Harvard Center for International Affairs (CFIA) where he wrote two books: Containing the Arms Race: Some Specific Proposals (MIT Press, 1966) and Strategic Persuasion: Arms Control Through Dialogue (Columbia University Press, 1967).

In June 1970 Stone became the CEO of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS), founded in 1945 by atomic scientists as Federation of Atomic Scientists (FAS). During the 30 years of Stone's stewardship, he and the Federation contributed to policy debates on the nuclear arms race, human rights, ethnic violence and civil conflict, small arms, controlling biological and chemical weapons, energy conservation, global warming, and related subjects.

The Russians called the ABM Treaty "Jeremy Stone's proposal" as early as 1967. Stone helped secure Carter Administration approval of a follow-on to SALT II ("Shrink SALT II"), which was proposed in secret by President Carter at the 1979 Vienna Summit. Jeremy was a leading American advocate for Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov, who in 1976 described Stone as "creative, articulate and brave."

In 1983, the philanthropist Jay Harris decided to set up some kind of Space Policy Group; at the suggestion of a specialist in the starting of nonprofit peace organizations, Lindsey Mattison, he offered us two years’ upkeep for one staffer to get such a thing started. FAS hired John Pike. Stone later recalled that Pike " ... became the most visible opponent of ABM for the next ten years, from 1983 to 1993. The issue had gotten far more complex than the one I had dealt with in the sixties, and many technical details were beyond me and required full-time work." David Albright joined the staff a few years later, and went on to fame as one of the leading analysts of nuclear weapons proliferation.

Jeremy later wrote that in the 1980s "The main organizational innovation has been the creation of separate personalized newsletters that FAS staffers put out themselves, free, to lists of interested experts and relevant policy makers: for example, Lora Lumpe’s Arms Sales Monitor or Steven Aftergood’s Secrecy and Government Bulletin. These journals made their authors famous in the relevant expert communities, led the media to acclaim the authors as experts, and persuaded the funders that something tangible was actually happening. Most important, self-publication of this kind unleashed creative energies and kept the staff members lashed to their word processors." These newsletters, as well as the Federation's primary newsletter, the monthly "Public Interest Report", were all very much in the self-publishing style of Jeremy's father, "Izzy" Stone.

In need of a place to house this burgeoning staff, and seeking a safe place to invest the organization's endowement, Jeremy eventually accumulated half a dozen townhouses in two contiguous blocks on Capital Hill. Some chided that Jeremy's political activities were simply cover for his real estate speculations. Several were rented out to provide income. For a time one was home to the nascent Nuclear Freeze movement. Before embarking on overseas trips [from which he might not return], Jeremy always exorted the staff "don't sell the houses".

In April 1999, Public Affairs Press published his memoir, "Every Man Should Try": Adventures of a Public Interest Activist, in which he documented his achievements and failures. Stone published his second memoir, "Catalytic Diplomacy: Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran," in October 2009.

In June 2000 Jeremy was replaced as FAS president by Henry Kelly, who promptly sold the town houses. After leaving the Presidency of the Federation of American Scientists, Jeremy formed the non-profit, Catalytic Diplomacy, which from 1999 to 2006 worked mainly on Cross-Straits Relations between China and Taiwan; U.S.-Russian arms control; U.S. relations with Iran; and U.S. relations with North Korea. Beginning in 2007, working with a small group of activists, he had been working on issues involving Myanmar (Burma), Cuba, and Afghanistan and Iran.

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