The Largest Security-Cleared Career Network for Defense and Intelligence Jobs - JOIN NOW

Military



GENERAL FEEDBACK: ANGOLA

DATE: 18 JANUARY 2000


The political/security situation in Angola has, since the beginning of this
year, been characterised by the following:

Ø An increase in military incidents initiated by UNITA;
Ø A general deterioration of the security situation in southeast Angola, in
neighbouring Namibia and southwest Zambia;
Ø Commencing of the registration of the new military intake;
Ø Renewed call by the Cardinal of Angola, Archbishop Dom Alexandre do
Nascimento, for peace and justice in Angola;
Ø Meeting of the Angolan Minister of Finance, Joaquim David, with the
Director General of the IMF in order to convey message from President dos
Santos and to address the oil account transparency issue;

MILITARY SITUATION

As a result of FAA's successful offensive in late -1999 against the UNITA
positions on the 'Planalto' and the subsequent withdrawal of UNITA forces and
the loss of a central logistical facility UNITA had to enter in a
reorganising and consolidation phase. This led to a general decrease in
UNITA's military profile. Other reasons were:

Continuous pressure by FAA and FANA over a wide front. This resulted in
the forces retreating from the 'Planalto' to only move at night as they were
subjected to heavy aerial reconnaissance and bombings during the day. This
led to a general lull in communications and orders from the UNITA Leadership
to the lower command;
Meteorological conditions. Due to heavy rains movement and communications
are very difficult;

Latest indications are, however, that UNITA have completed the restructuring
and redeployment of its forces. Apart from redeploying some of the units to
the Cuando Cubango Province to resist the current offensive against Jamba and
surrounding areas, they have also redeployed a significant part of their
conventional forces north of the Kwanza River in the area northeast of
Mussende and southeast of Malange.

Furthermore, UNITA also succeeded in getting a convoy of diesel tankers
through to the main UNITA forces from Zambia in late December 1999. This
enabled them to complete the redeployment to the area north of the Kwanza
River.

In an effort to maximise pressure on FAA, the UNITA Leadership has, following
a special planning session in mid-December 1999, attended by most of the
Regional military commanders, decided to intensify the guerilla campaign. As
part of this strategy full command and initiative was handed down to the
local military command. They were given carte blanche in terms of initiating
guerilla actions.


FAA also entered into a consolidation phase lessening the pressure on UNITA.
This was due to the following:

It was necessary to consolidate and establish their defenses at the
positions captured from UNITA;
Adverse meteorological conditions causing difficulties in terms of
terrain negotiability, especially restricting the movement of tanks and heavy
artillery and also creating problems in terms of aerial support;
Lack of a guerilla and counter-guerilla capability;
Major logistical problems;

The following information on the military situation, since the beginning of
the year, have been received:

Uige Province


Ø 04 January 2000:

A FAA logistical convoy was attacked on 04 January 2000 on the road
between Alfândega and Sanza Pombo. The convoy was transporting logistical
supplies destined for the 5th Tactical Group of the 54th FAA Task Force
currently deployed at Sanza Pombo;
Heavy fighting occurred between UNITA Forces and the 54th FAA Task Force
in the area between Nsosso and Cambolo;

Ø 06 January 2000: The 1st Tactical Group of the 54th FAA Task forced was
attacked at a position 8 km from Damba;
Ø 07 January 2000: Heavy fighting took place between UNITA elements and the
5th Tactical Group of the 5th FAA Task Force southeast of Sanza Pombo;
Ø 09 January 2000: The FAA Bn deployed at Lucunga, was attacked by UNITA
during the night;
Ø 15 January 2000: FAA succeeded in recapturing Macolo, 260 km east of
Uige, from UNITA. Northern Buengas and Quimbele is currently still under
UNITA control;
Ø The faa offensive in the region has led to the recovery of 14
municipalities of the 16 making up the province, except for northern Buengas
and Quimbele.

Malange Province:


Ø 05 January 2000: An intense battle took place between a UNITA Special
Forces unit and FAA's 36th Special Forces company at a position 12 km east of
Cambundi Catembo.
Ø 06 January 2000: The 4th Bn of the 3rd FAA Regiment was attacked by a
UNITA element 15 km southwest of Cambundi Catembo.
Ø 07 January 2000:

The 48th FAA Regiment was attacked at a position 8 kms northeast of
Cambundi Catembo;
UNITA anti air elements succeeded in shooting down an AN12 transport
aircraft northeast of Malange. The aircraft was enroute to Nzagi from Luanda;

Ø 08 January 2000:

A FAA logistical vehicle was destroyed in a UNITA ambush 22 km a
northwest of Malange enroute to Calandula;
The FAA unit deployed at Ndumba Cambango was attacked by UNITA;

Kwanza Sul Province:

Ø 07 January 2000:

The FAA base at Wako Kungo was attacked by UNITA;
The FAA Tactical Group deployed at Cabuta was subjected to a UNITA attack;

Ø 08 January 2000: A logistical vehicle belonging to the 12th FAA Regiment
was destroyed in an UNITA ambush 19 km southwest of Gabela;
Ø 10 January 2000: Heavy fighting occurred between UNITA elements and the
FAA units deployed at Amboiva;

Bengo Province:

Ø 08 January 2000: UNITA forces attacked the Bn of the 49th FAA Regiment
deployed between Quibaxe and Pango Aluquém;

Lunda Norte Province:

Ø 10 January 2000: A FAA logistical convoy was ambushed on the road between
Lucapa and Luarica;.

Huambo Province:

Ø 07 January 2000:

UNITA Special Forces launched an attack on the 17th FAA Regiment on the
road 4 km southwest of Bailundo;
Heavy fighting between UNITA and FAA was monitored 1 km southwest of
Chiumbo;

Ø 08 January 2000: The 1st Company of the 2nd BN of the 17th FAA Regiment
was attacked at position 8 km northwest of Bailundo;

Bié Province:

Ø 06 January 2000: The 1st and 2nd Bns of the 20th FAA Bde were attacked by
UNITA at a position 5 km west of Andulo;
Ø 07 January 2000:

A FAA convoy of the 1st FAA Bde was ambushed by UNITA Special Forces 3 km
north of Andulo;
Another UNITA attack on a FAA deployment area took place at a position 2
km north of Andulo;
Ø 08 January 2000: The 42nd FAA Bde deployed at Nuinha 19 km north of
Camacupa was attacked by UNITA;

Moxico Province:

Ø 07 January 2000: UNITA succeeded in recapturing Cangamba from FAA
following an intense battle;

SITUATION IN CUANDO CUBANGO PROVINCE, KAVANGO AND CAPRIVI

The general security situation in the area is deteriorating significantly.
Latest information is the following:

On the afternoon of 18 January 2000 UNITA Special Forces launched a
standoff bombardment on the Mucusso Airport at a former UNITA hospital
facility. An IL76 transport aircraft offloading APC's was hit and is
currently still unserviceable creating a major problem as no other logistical
flights could land at this position. Remark: Due to this incident, pilots are
now very hesitant to fly to any destination in the area even to Rundu.
On 19 January 2000 UNITA elements raided 3 clinics in Kavango.
Elements of the so-called 'Red Berets', a much feared Special Forces unit
of UNITA, are currently being deployed to the area north of Rundu in order to
conduct guerilla actions against the FAA units.



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list