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Camp Le Monier / Lemonier / Lemonnier, Djibouti (CLDJ)

On 26 October 2012, the Washington Post reported on the expansion of US facilities at Camp Lemonier in Djibouti. Significant work to expand the facility dated back at least to 2008. In 2002, when the Americans took the camp over from the French, it covered 97 acres. By 2016 it was pushing 600 acres. Most of the drones take off from an isolated airstrip, about six miles from Camp Lemonnier.

Camp Le Monier is the location from which US forces are operating from in the Horn of Africa. It is the only U.S. military base located in Africa; this forward deployed location allows CJTF-HOA to pursue its mission of building security and stability in the region. This facility is an ex-French military barracks, reportedly located near the Djibouti airport and that the Djiboutian government is allowing the United States to use for demining, humanitarian, and counter-terrorism efforts. The agreement for this arrangement was reached in February 2001.

The facility has not been used in a number of years and was reported to be in some disrepair. Buildings had reportedly been stripped of pipes and wiring while the roofing of several structures had collapsed. Goats roamed the property and birds had taken to roost in several of the abandoned structures.

Renovations on the facility began sometime in mid-2001 following an evaluation by CENTCOM personnel. Work on the facility are expected to be completed by November or December 2002. This involved building new concrete pads, maintenance facilities and living areas.

The Central Intelligence Agency also reportedly used Camp Lemonier as a staging ground for unmanned "Predator" drone aircraft used to track and attack al-Qaida terrorists.

Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) began moving all headquarters personnel and equipment from its flagship, USS Mount Whitney in the Gulf of Aden, into facilities at Camp Lemonier in Djibouti on May 6, 2003 in a move expected to take about one week, with completion of the move scheduled for mid-May.

The newly renovated 88-acre camp, a former French Foreign Legion post owned by the Djiboutian government, serves as CJTF-HOA's expeditionary headquarters. CJTF-HOA presence in Djibouti and the duration of operations across the region are tied to accomplishment of the counter-terrorism mission, not a fixed period of time.

Djiboutian workers were instrumental in preparing Camp Lemonier for movement of the CJTF headquarters ashore. More than 300 local construction personnel currently work aboard the camp each day and nearly 300 day-workers are employed in other camp support operations.

The new communications network at Camp Lemonier, the backbone of information flow for the operation, has three times the bandwidth capability as the USS Mount Whitney. In practical terms, CJTF-HOA can now connect to more coalition partners and agencies and move more information faster than at any previous point in the operation.

As of mid-2005, Camp Lemonier offered an AFFES PX; a Dining Facility, named the "Bob Hope Dining Facility"; a Chapel; and a fully-equipped fitness facility with a swimming pool. Living Quarters consisted of air-conditioned tents which, depending on rank, housed between 4 to 12 personnel.

Camp Lemonier's prime power plant began producing power the first week of February 2008 and is the largest expeditionary power plant installed by Mobile Utilities Support Equipment (MUSE), a division of the NFELC, since the Vietnam era. The plant, capable of powering nearly 4,000 residential homes, constitutes a 50 percent increase in the Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa power generation capacity and was to meet all current and near future needs of the facility. Six 1,200-kilowatt power plants and two 5-mega volt amp substations were planned to be tied into the camp power grid. The project combined older generation power plants, capable of producing 50-hertz power, with state-of-the-art substations designed specifically for this mission. The two-year, $5 million installation was $25 million less then the estimated contract cost.

As of late 2008, a large number of Containerized Working Units (CWU) had been set up throughout Camp Lemonnier. Consisting of double wide containers, these served as offices. Other amenities included a barber shop, laundry facilities and a Navy exchange. Camp Lemonnier's recreation center is named "11 Degrees North".

As of mid-November 2008, Camp Lemonier had approximately 2,400 personnel from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and DoD contractors, including the U.S. Army 218th Field Artillery Regiment, a detachment from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion Unit 4, and the Marine 9th Provisional Security Force. Most camp personnel serve six- to nine-month rotations as individual augmentees (IA).

As of mid-November 2008, a new post office, chapel, ice plant and on-site potable water supply were among the projects recently started or about to start at Camp Lemonier, Djibouti, to improve the quality of life of service members deployed there. Work on the ice plant, post office and chapel was expected to be completed by April of 2009.

Ground was broken on the camp's new post office on Nov. 13, 2008. At 6,500 square foot the post office would consist of eight offices, a lobby approximately six times the size of the office it was meant to replace as well as a processing area four times larger, capable of processing mail for up to 5,000 people; twice the number of personnel located at the base at the time. Prior to that, postal operations were performed by five personnel working out of four storage containers and two offices. During 2008, some of the lobby operations were performed outdoors, exposing postal personnel and customers to extreme temperatures while processing nearly 700,000 pounds of mail.

Seabees from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 4 were tasked with working on the camp's potable water supply; constructing a second reverse osmosis water purification unit (ROWPU). With the help of the Pacific Architects and Engineering (PAE) contract employees, the Seabees installed three, 63 inch by 113 inch reverse osmosis elements water filters, mounted on a concrete foundation that the Seabees previously constructed. The water for Camp Lemonier's ROWPUs is supplied by six wells located in the surrounding Djibouti area and one well on camp.

As of December 2008, CLDJ used an estimated 190,000 gallons of water per day produced by the main ROWPU. With an scheduled fully operational date of February 2009, once complete, the second ROWPU was expected to produce an additional 350,000 gallons of potable water per day and also act as a backup system for when the main ROWPU is being cleaned or serviced. The camp's drinking water supply was certified as potable Oct. 27, 2008, potentially saving the military more than $3 million a year in bottled water needed for the camp personnel's daily needs according to Camp Lemonier's Supply Department. Before the certification, Camp Lemonier depended on several outside vendors to supply potable water resulting in issues related to rising costs, uncertifiable water and the dependability of on-time delivery. Work on the CLDJ's potable water supply was also expected to help lower trash and recycling operational costs.

Ground was also broken on a new chapel on Nov. 21, 2008, thereby consolidating chapel personnel's offices into one location and increasing the seating capacity to 300 people; an increase of 500 percent. The new chapel would also feature classrooms for discussions and training. The previous chapel consisted of a 10-by-10 room.

As of mid-November 2008, CLDJ also intended to break ground on four airfield storage facilities, a recreation center expansion, a water plant, a new dinning facility and more laundry units, at a resulting cost of between $10 and $15 million dollars.

After more than nine months of work and $12 million in funding, a U.S. Air Force C-130 Hercules became the first aircraft to utilize a new apron at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti (CLDJ), December 22, 2009, marking the beginning of operational missions on the apron known as 'Enduring Ramp'. The ramp's name was meant to reflect Camp Lemonnier's transition into an enduring role.

The apron was 219 meters by 126 meters and is designed to provide 3 parking spaces for C-130 Hercules aircraft, as well as a parking pad for the CV-22 Osprey aircraft. Enduring Ramp will also support parking for aircraft as large as the C-17 Globemaster III and C-5 Galaxy. Previously available ramp space did not support transit aircraft needs, forcing them to park on the less secure commercial Ambouli Airport. The enduring ramp allowed transit aircraft to park on the secure military side of the airport.

As of December 2009, Camp Lemonier was pursuing a massive full-length taxiway project slated to be completed early the following year.

On 1 September 2011, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command Europe and Southwest Asia (NAVFAC EURAFSWA) issued a pre-solicitation notice that it intended to issue a a Request for Proposals (RFP) for a design-bid-build, firm fixedprice, contract for Camp Lemonnier Djibouti (CLDJ) FY11 military construction projects. The resulting RFP included 4 basic projects and 8 optional items. The first project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, site work and provisions for a single story steel framed pre-engineered metal building (P219 General Warehouse) consisting of pre-finished exterior metal wall panels with field installed insulation, structural standing seam metal roof system, reinforced concrete slab and spread footing foundation system, motorized rolling service doors, hollow metal doors and frames, aluminum storefront doors and frames, metal stud and gypsum board interior partitions, interior finishes, administrative high shelving units, warehouse high storage racks, issue bins, emergency shower and eye wash station, Plumbing, HVAC, Electrical and incidental related work. Also included is a steel framed exterior open bay storage facility with pre-finished metal wall and roof panels that match the warehouse. The second project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, and equipment necessary to provide for the excavation for and construction of: gabion basket lined anti-vehicular ditch; construction of chain link fencing including gates, outriggers with barbed wire, concertina wire, and anti-vehicular security systems; construction of gravel fence inspection road; construction of anti-vehicular earth berm using materials from security fence, external roads and internal roads excavations; construction of watch towers including foundation system; and construction of perimeter lighting and power and communications distribution system to support lighting and watch towers (all part of P235 Security Fencing). The third project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, and equipment necessary to provide for earthwork, base, asphalt, drainage ditches, culverts and utility relocation to avoid utility conflicts, and relocation of surface features to avoid conflicts and the construction of minor signing and pavement markings as part of paving external roads (P912). The last project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, and equipment necessary to provide for earthwork, base, asphalt, drainage ditches, inlets, man holes pipes, culverts and utility relocation to avoid utility conflicts, and relocation of surface features to avoid conflicts as part of paving internal roads (P916). This work also included paving the Entry Control Point (ECP) area and the main entrance road and the construction of minor signing and pavement markings. The optional items were additional work on the first 3 projects.

On 16 February 2012, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command Atlantic (NAVFAC Atlantic) issued a pre-solicitation notice for 3 military contruction projects at Camp Lemonier in Djibouti. The first project was an extension of the eastern taxiway (P943; approximately 54,500 square meters) parallel to the Djibouti Ambouli airfield (runway) and would consist of an asphalt taxiway and shoulders to support medium-load aircraft. Additionally the project would include airfield pavement markings, airfield lighting, signage and required site preparations. Other scope requirements include the demolition of existing buildings and reconstruction of those facilities. The second project was the construction of a Combat Aircraft Loading Area (CALA; P502; approximately 185,000 square meters) capable of supporting a variety of aircraft in support of munitions operations, as well as parking for airplanes. Ancillary to the loading area would be a trim pad and 2 arm/disarm pads. The project scope also included the construction of an asphalt taxiway connecting the CALA to the runway and the P943 taxiway extension. Additionally the project would include airfield pavement markings, airfield lighting, grounding points, thrust anchor, blast deflectors, utilities, signage and required site preparations. Site preparations shall correct site drainage issues that currently exist. The scope also included the installation of modular expeditionary operations alert facilities, modular expeditionary maintenance facilities and 3 1,500 square meter tension fabric aircraft hangars. Facilities would include and be complete with all required site preparation, utilities, foundations and slabs, as well as communications, interior lighting, power, and HVAC. The last project consisted of the site adaptation of a design for the Ammunition Supply Point (ASP; P220) including 4 earth covered high explosive magazines and an assembly pad (approximately 2,800 square meters). The scope also included construction of a single story pre-engineered building for the storage of inert materials. The magazines would include all required grounding and lightning protection, as well intrusion detection. Electrical and mechanical would include fire protection and ventilation. Roads and fencing were required to enclose the site and to connect it to the adjacent CALA project. Significant amounts of fill were required to increase the elevation of the site. Additionally this project included the demolition of the existing Basic Load Ammunition Holding Area consisting of fencing, a tower and temporary magazines. The contract was awarded to CH2M HILL - METAG, a joint venture company, on 10 September 2012.

On 9 March 2012, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command Europe Africa Southwest Asia (NAVFAC EURAFSWA) issued a pre-solicitation notice that it intended to issue a Request for Proposals (RFP) for a firm fixed-price construction contract for Camp Lemonnier Djibouti (CLDJ) FY12 military construction projects. The resulting RFP included 2 basic projects and 4 optional items. The first project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, and equipment necessary to expand the Enduring Apron (P217 Aircraft Logistics Apron) and allow parking for 2 C-5 Galaxy aircraft, including the construction of a 56,297 square meter (605,976 square foot) Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) aircraft apron, supporting hot mix asphalt (HMA) taxiways, shoulders, airfield marking, and storm drainage. The second project was the provision of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, site work and provisions to extend and widen Taxiways Echo, Bravo and Delta (P932 Taxiway), reconfigure the aircraft parking arrangement to comply with airfield criteria for CH-53 and P-3 aircraft, install new airfield lighting, install drainage structures, strengthen unpaved shoulders, and provide permanent dust control measures. Also included in the second project was provision for the demolition of existing taxiway shoulders, and milling and re-profiling work on Taxiway Bravo and Delta, as well as the demolition of the existing Liquid Oxygen (LOX) canopy and aircraft ground equipment (AGE) parking lot. Construct a new LOX canopy and ground support equipment (GSE) parking lot adjacent to the southwestern corner of the P217 Aircraft Logistics Apron site. The first optional item was the provisional of all labor, management, supervision, tools, materials, and equipment necessary to upgrade/repair P3 parking pads by providing for a new 36 meter by 190 meter PCC parking pad north of the existing pads at the Freedom Apron, and the demolition and patching of a storm drainage line while providing for pavement markings within the construction limits of the construction. The other 3 optional items were additional construction to support the P217 aircraft apron.

On 17 October 2012, NAVFAC Atlantic issued a notice indicating that it intended to award a sole source contract for a design change to SAIC. SAIC completed the design, including full plans, specifications, and cost estimates for the P220 Project, Ammunition Supply Point, Djibouti. Post Construction Award Services were necessary to complete this project. Based on the firms familiarity with the current design intricacies, expectations of the approving agencies specific to this site and location and the history of the project, it was beneficial for the Government in the interest of economy and efficiency that this requirement was awarded as a sole source, standalone contract to SAIC. SAIC retained the necessary topographic details and design files necessary to accomplish this work, thus they would be able to accomplish the work in a more timely and cost efficient manner than any other firm.

On 26 October 2012, a solicitation notice for construction at Camp Lemonier, Djibouti was issued by NAVFAC Atlantic, following a presolicitation notice on 4 October 2012. This was a 2 step design/build construction project that would construct a combined 50,892 square foot headquarters (HQ) building and Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) Joint Operations Center (JOC) for command and control at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti (CLDJ). The facility would be a multistory facility on a concrete foundation with concrete load bearing walls and structural steel framing. The facility would consist of administrative space, open and private offices, multi-purpose conference rooms with VTC capability, specialized communication equipment, audio/visual suites with associated equipment, entrance lobby, toilets, and break rooms. There would be Open Storage Secure Areas with Compartmented Areas within. Communication systems would include high-speed network, SIPRnet, NIPRnet and CENTRIXS, as well as independent LNO secure networks. Special construction features would include seismic construction, new electrical distribution systems, fire alarms, Secure Area construction, Electronic Security Systems, Direct Digital Control system (DDC), telecommunication systems, and a fully compliant AT/FP facility. Mechanical systems include plumbing, fire protection systems, heating, cooling and ventilation. Supporting facilities work includes site and building utility connections (water, sanitary and storm sewers, electrical, telephone, communication systems, Satellite and Cable Television (CATV)). Paving and site improvements would include sidewalks, earthwork, grading, storm drainage, and site utilities.

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